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India Relations


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India Relations

  1. 1. India & The US Strengthening The Strategic Partnership Presentation by FICCI for USIBC Defense executive Mission
  2. 2. Commonality of Interests drives Indo-US Strategic Partnership <ul><ul><li>Maintaining peace and stability in Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Countering international terrorism and counter insurgency. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining freedom and security of the sea lanes in the region and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preventing proliferation of weapons of mass destruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With this a new context and impetus to drive the bi-lateral strategic relationship was created </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Diplomatic Exchanges <ul><li>The rise in frequency of diplomatic exchanges are driving the strategic relations </li></ul>
  4. 4. Some High Level Visits <ul><li>From India </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister Vajpayee </li></ul><ul><li>Deputy Prime Minister Shri Advani </li></ul><ul><li>Defense minister George Fernandez </li></ul><ul><li>National Security Advisor, Brijesh Mishra </li></ul><ul><li>From USA </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of State Colin Powell </li></ul><ul><li>Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld </li></ul><ul><li>Commander-in- chief Pacific Admiral Blair </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Chiefs of Staff both former and present Generals Shelton and Meyers </li></ul>
  5. 5. Strategic Initiatives <ul><li>Signing of the Mutual Assistance Treaty </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of the Defense Policy Group </li></ul><ul><li>Launching of cyber terrorism,information security and military to military cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>FBI office in New Delhi working closely on intelligence sharing with CBI and IB </li></ul><ul><li>Joint patrolling of the of the straits of Malacca </li></ul><ul><li>Joint military exercise in Alaska </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Naval exercises on the West Coast of India </li></ul><ul><li>…… are a few examples of the new trend of US – India relations </li></ul>
  6. 6. Defense Policy Group <ul><li>Major initiative in taking our strategic relationship forward </li></ul><ul><li>It is headed on the Indian side by Secretary Defense, and on the US side by the Under secretary of Defense. </li></ul><ul><li>The fifth meeting of the Group was held in the US in August 2003. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Issues of Discussion <ul><li>Takes up fresh proposals to develop defense technology </li></ul><ul><li>relationship including : Production, Research and development and Private sector partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Noted the successful trend of Joint military exercises and agreed to upscale the exercises in the near future </li></ul><ul><li>Both US and India are allies and share a strong relationship with Israel. Bush administration has approved for the sale of equipments and missile systems from Israel to India </li></ul>
  8. 8. The setting of the Hi- technology Cooperation Group (HTCG) <ul><li>The two governments agreed to form the HTCG in 2002 to promote bi-lateral hi-technology trade including trade in dual use goods and technologies. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Main sector focuses include… <ul><li>Defense </li></ul><ul><li>Nanotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Information technology </li></ul><ul><li>Life sciences </li></ul>
  10. 10. The key issues being discussed in the HTCG forum <ul><li>Market Access </li></ul><ul><li>Tariff and non tariff barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic exports </li></ul><ul><li>Export controls </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Quartet Areas of Cooperation <ul><li>Recently PM Vajpayee and President Bush have re-enforced the Hi-tech sharing commitment and announced the new strategic and security policy for cooperation in four priority areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Nuclear ties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade in high technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Missile defense cooperation </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. OPPORTUNITIES <ul><li>Sale of Equipment to Indian Armed Forces </li></ul><ul><li>JV with Indian Companies for both Indian and third markets </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Co-producing & sub-contracting </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Development and R&D </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Road Ahead <ul><li>To address the issues of Concerns identified by both the governments </li></ul><ul><li>Implement the recommendation arising out of the discussion forums </li></ul><ul><li>Pursue confidence building measure </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Defense and Military ties through new partnerships embracing both Govt. and private sector. </li></ul>
  14. 14. WHAT INDIA HAS TO DO <ul><li>Assurances on end-use certification of sensitive technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent diversion of goods and technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Stop transfers and re-transfers within and outside India. </li></ul><ul><li>Guarantee physical protection and control access to such technologies by third parties. </li></ul><ul><li>Outline laws to deal with suspected violations. </li></ul><ul><li>End user verification </li></ul>
  15. 15. And the US To Do <ul><li>The US will review licensing processes for dual use goods. These are currently restricted because of proliferation concerns. </li></ul><ul><li>Open up access to commercially launching US made satellites. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Continued …. <ul><li>Reverse executive orders on hi-tech trade with India. </li></ul><ul><li>Influence N-powers to give India access to civilian technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Permit the sale of missile defense system to India. </li></ul>
  17. 17. India’s Defense Sector – recent developments <ul><li>Growing role of the private sector in manufacture and supply of defense equipments </li></ul><ul><li>Opening up of the defense sector to foreign direct investment (up to 26%) to encourage private sector participation and competition in the sector to meet its demands </li></ul><ul><li>The process of commercialization of defense technologies by DRDO is well on the way. </li></ul>
  18. 18. THANK YOU