What influences did Athens and Sparta have on the Greek Empire and how is the Greek Empire still relevant today?
Ancient Greece The ancient Greek Empire took place between 3200 and 1100 B.C.
The Greeks were known as the seafaring people. They had many ships and sailed the Mediterranean Sea for trading purposes.
City-States Greece was made up of many city-states. Each of these areas was self sufficient; meaning they had there own towns, farms, armies, and governments. This separation was due to natural barriers such as seas and mountains. Though there were geographical separations, Greeks spoke the same language, worshipped the same gods, and shared many customs.
Mount Olympus <ul><li>Greeks were polytheistic, meaning they believed in many gods. They believed that these gods lived on the highest mountain above the clouds. </li></ul><ul><li>The Greeks built temples, made sacrifices, and played games to please their gods, these events would be known as the Olympic games. </li></ul>
Each god symbolized something different, Aphrodite was the goddess of love, Ares was the god of war, Apollo the god of music and poetry, and Zeus the god of the sky and thunder.
Athens <ul><li>Athens was one of the greatest city-states of Ancient Greece. </li></ul><ul><li>They had a strong educational system, the men were known for being great thinkers and Philosophers. </li></ul><ul><li>Some women had the opportunity to take reading and writing lessons, but mostly they were taught to care for the home. </li></ul>
Sparta <ul><li>Sparta was the only city-state to have a permanent army; Spartan soldiers were known for being the best in Ancient Greece. </li></ul><ul><li>Boys began tough training for the Spartan army starting at the age of 7 and lived in the army barracks even after they were married. </li></ul><ul><li>Spartan girls also received a formal education in gymnastics, dance, music, and singing. </li></ul>
Athens And Sparta vs. The Persian Empire <ul><li>Athens and Sparta had always been bitter rivals with one another but when foreign invaders attacked the two city-states always united. </li></ul><ul><li>The Persian Empire attempted to invade Greece in 490 B.C. this battle lasted over 40 years and was known as The Persian Wars. </li></ul>
Ancient Greece had a democratic form of government that allowed every citizen to have a say in state affairs. This inspired our fore fathers while drafting our American constitution. Government
Today, many tourists visit the ancient runes of Greece.