Interest Rates,Money Supply & Inflation


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Interest Rates,Money Supply & Inflation

  1. 1. <ul><li>Presented by :- </li></ul><ul><li>Pankaj Sharma & </li></ul><ul><li>Nishant Reddy </li></ul><ul><li>(KIAMS, Harihar) </li></ul>
  2. 6. Tools used by RBI to control the money market: Repo rate : the rate at which banks borrow money from RBI. Reverse Repo rate : -RBI increases Repo Rate to reduce liquidity. -Financial markets tighten and there is an increase in yields of securities. Banks tie interest rates to these yields. - Increase in lending and deposit rates. Less spending Bank Rate : is the ROI which RBI charges on the loans and advances it extends to commercial banks and other financial intermediatories.
  3. 7. CRR(Cash Reserve Ratio): It is the bank regulation that sets the minimum reserves each bank must hold to customer deposits and notes. These reserves are made to satisfy withdrawal demands and would normally be in the form of flat currency stored in bank vault or in Central Bank.
  4. 8. SLR (Statutory Liquidity Ratio): It is the amount which a bank has to maintain in form of cash, gold or approved securities. The quantum is specified as some percentage of total demand and time liabilities(i.e. the liabilities of the bank which are payable on demand at any time, and those liabilities which are approving in one month’s time due to maturity).
  5. 9. <ul><li>Current policy rates </li></ul><ul><li>Bank rate: 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Repo 7.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Reverse repo : 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Reserve ratios </li></ul><ul><li>CRR: 5.5 </li></ul><ul><li>SLR: 24 </li></ul><ul><li>Lending/deposit rates </li></ul><ul><li>PLR: 12.75-13.25 </li></ul><ul><li>Savings bank rate:3.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Deposit rate: 7.5-9.6% </li></ul>
  6. 10. <ul><li>Monetary policy - Management of money supply and interest rates by central banks to influence prices and employment </li></ul><ul><li>Types of monetary policy: </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation targeting </li></ul><ul><li>Price level targeting </li></ul><ul><li>Monetary aggregates </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed exchange rate </li></ul><ul><li>Gold standard </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed policy </li></ul><ul><li>India follows the INFLATION TARGETING </li></ul>
  7. 11. <ul><li>What RBI is trying to Balance? </li></ul><ul><li>Liquidity in the system </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation Rates </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange Rates </li></ul>