Animal nutrition


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Animal nutrition

  1. 1. Animal nutrition<br />(animals eat too!!)<br />
  2. 2. Nutrition<br />The process which animals consume and utilize food.<br />Feed efficiency= rate of gain<br />To insure proper nutrition the feed must also have proper nutrients to support the life processes of the animal.<br />The diet must also provide a balanced ration<br />Balanced ration- Total amount of feed an animal gets in a 24-hour period<br />
  3. 3. 6 Essential nutrients<br />
  4. 4. Importance<br />Needed to insure life<br />Provide lots of energy<br />Without all 6:<br /> problems in reproduction, lactation, body mass, and maturity can occur<br />
  5. 5. water<br />THIS IS SUPER IMPORTANT to EVERY diet!<br />Helps dissolve and carry nutrients the animal eats<br />Helps control body temperature<br />Helps chemical reactions take place<br />Animal bodies are made up of 40%-80% of water<br />
  6. 6. carbohydrates<br />Provide ENERGY for body cells which powers muscular movements like heartbeat, walking, breathing, and digestive contractions.<br />Produce the body heat to keep the animal warm.<br />Extra carbs are stored in the body as fat<br />Simple Carbs= sugars and starches (easily digested)<br />Complex Carbs= cellulose and fiber (more difficult to digest)<br />
  7. 7. Lipids and fats<br />Provide energy and body heat<br />Carry the fat-soluble vitamins in the feed<br />Has 2.5 times the energy value of carbs<br />Easily digested by animals<br />Comes from veggie and animal sources<br />Feeds contain 1%-5% fat<br />
  8. 8. Protein<br />Supply material to build body tissue<br />Essential for fetal development <br />Needed for hair, hooves, skin, internal organs, and muscles<br />There are 10 amino acids essential for swine and 4 for poultry<br />13 nonessential are needed by animals, but are synthesized in the body from other amino acids(ruminants)<br />Monogastric have to get amino acids in their feed<br />
  9. 9. minerals<br />Provide material for bone, teeth, and tissue growth<br />Aid in muscular activity, reproduction, digestion, repair and formation of tissue, and release of energy for body heat<br />Major minerals= those needed in large amounts<br />Trace minerals= needed in small amounts<br />Lack of minerals leads to deficiency<br />All minerals are inorganic<br />
  10. 10. vitamins<br />Aids in disease resistance<br />Carries out body functions<br />Fat soluble= vitamin A, D, E, K<br />Water soluble= vitamin C, B<br />*Needed only in very small amounts<br />All vitamins are organic<br />
  11. 11. 5 different diets<br />
  12. 12. maintenance<br />Keep em just the way they are<br />Diet consists of high in carbs and fats, but low in protein, vitamins, and minerals<br />Dogs and cats that are matured are usually on this diet<br />
  13. 13. Growth<br />Increasing the size of muscles, organs, and bones<br />Diet consists of protein, minerals, and vitamins<br />Usually not matured animals are on this diet such as dairy heifers and weight gaining animals<br />
  14. 14. reproduction<br />Breeding stage or when animal is pregnant<br />Diet consists of vitamins, minerals, and protein<br />Examples of animals on reproductive diet is any pregnant animal<br />
  15. 15. lactation<br />Mammals with a baby (nursing)<br />Diet consists of fats, proteins, calcium, and phosphorus<br />Examples of animals lactating are those producing eggs and milk<br />
  16. 16. work<br />Animals used for labor<br />Diet consists of salt, water, carbs, minerals, vitamins<br />Examples of these animals include a mule, donkey, or a horse<br />