TLT 2010 - The Future of Education

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TLT 2010 keynote address

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TLT 2010 - The Future of Education

  1. 1. The Future of Education David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
  2. 2. Yes, You May Absolutely… Video, photograph, record, live blog, tweet, facebook, and otherwise write about or remix this presentation
  3. 3. To Help You Along… Grab the slides now at: http://slideshare.net/opencontent/
  4. 4. Openness, Data, and the Future of Education David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
  5. 6. Openness… In Education? Let’s begin by defining terms
  6. 7. Open, adj . Describes educational artifacts
  7. 8. Open Textbooks Open Educational Resources Open Courseware (Open Source Software)
  8. 9. Open, adj . Teaching materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the “4R” activities
  9. 10. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and improve Remix – combine with others
  10. 11. Communicate 4Rs Permissions <ul><li>Since this overrides default copyright, you must use a copyright license </li></ul>
  11. 12. Offers easy to use 4R’s licenses
  12. 14. 2009 2007 2008 2006 2005 2004 2003 CC Licensed Items Online (Millions) 50 100 150 200 250
  13. 15. While Nouns Differ… The operationalizing actions are the same
  14. 16. Open, adj . Generous, sharing, giving
  15. 17. Your Inner Two-year Old Overcoming the impulse to scream “ Mine!”
  16. 18. Law and Policy “Enable” Us To shout “Mine!” ever more loudly, convulse ever more uncontrollably, and hit each other with ever larger toys
  17. 19. Society’s Siren Song “ Be selfish. Sue your neighbor. It’s legal. It’s ok.”
  18. 20. Education Is Not Immune This kind of thinking is accepted
  19. 21. Role of Openness in Education? A terrible, insidious question
  20. 22. Openness is the only means of doing education
  21. 23. If There Is No Sharing… There is no education
  22. 24. Education, n . A relationship of sharing
  23. 25. Successful Educators Share most thoroughly with the most students
  24. 26. Expertise Is Nonrivalrous Can be given without being given away
  25. 27. “ He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me.” Thomas Jefferson
  26. 28. Teachers Would Be Like Bees! They could only teach once
  27. 29. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
  28. 30. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
  29. 31. Expressions Are Different Digital expressions are nonrivalrous n’t ^
  30. 32. E.g., Online Book We can all read simultaneously
  31. 33. An Indescribable Advance The first time in human history
  32. 34. Expertise and Its Expressions Give without giving away
  33. 35. Unprecedented Capacity We can share as never before
  34. 36. Unprecedented Capacity We can educate as never before
  35. 37. (Education Involves More) (It turns out the Internet is pretty good at facilitating these other things as well.)
  36. 38. Sharing the Stage Technology always plays opposite it’s nemesis, policy
  37. 39. 15 th Century Perhaps the greatest technological advance ever
  38. 41. 15 th Century Also the most draconian restrictions on information dissemination ever
  39. 42. The Bible Huge demand for vernacular editions, but illegal (and expensive)
  40. 43. Instead of Obliging… Ramped up production of “indulgences” and stricter laws against vernacular editions
  41. 44. “ Whosoever reads the Scriptures in the mother tongue, shall forfeit land, cattle, life, and goods from their heirs forever, and so be condemned for heretics to God, enemies to the crown, and most arrant traitors to the land.” English Law, 15 th Century
  42. 45. Collision Powerful new technology, huge demand, outdated thinking reinforced by law
  43. 46. The Reformation Powerful new technology, huge demand, outdated thinking reinforced by law
  44. 47. Alas Our day isn’t that different
  45. 48. Learning Management Systems Technology used against its own potential made to conceal and withhold
  46. 51. “ Lids Down, Please!” Faculty refuse to compete for attention
  47. 52. 2008 Professor in Southern US Claimed (C) of his class lectures, declared student notes derivative works, and asserted control over their use
  48. 53. Makes Me Wonder… Can they ever become professors? Can they ever be employed?
  49. 56. The Bible
  50. 59. Soaring Demand for Education 120M in post-secondary education worldwide 150M more projected to enter
  51. 60. In India Alone, They Need… 2400 new universities in the next 25 years One new university every two weeks
  52. 61. Collision Powerful new media and technology, ravenous demand, outdated thinking reinforced by policy
  53. 62. Sound Familiar? Education is on the edge of its own Reformation
  54. 63. Will We Reform Internally? Or will factions and sects have to split off?
  55. 64. What Does Reform Look Like? We only need to look at society around us…
  56. 65. Analog  Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers, Movies, Journals, Communications, Intelligence, Defense
  57. 66. Tethered  Mobile Phones, Internet Access, Employment
  58. 67. Isolated  Connected People, Content, Systems
  59. 68. Generic  Personal Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones
  60. 69. Consuming  Creating Radio / Podcasting, Newspapers / Blogs Movies / Vodcasting
  61. 70. Closed  Open Software (OSs, Applications), Content (Blogs, Wikis)
  62. 71. Then vs Now Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
  63. 72. Education vs Everyday Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
  64. 73. “ Daily Divide” Is a Huge Threat And the wider the disconnect, the less relevant higher education feels
  65. 76. What About E-learning?
  66. 77. What About E-learning? Very innovative in 1995!
  67. 78. Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  68. 79. Connecting You can’t connect to something if you don’t have access to it
  69. 80. Personalizing You can’t adapt or localize something if you don’t have permission
  70. 81. Creating You won’t be creative if there’s no outlet for your work
  71. 82. How Can We Be More Open? Some examples…
  72. 97. How Can We Be More Open? Some examples… on a budget
  73. 105. Where I’m Going You many not want to come, and that’s fine…
  74. 111. Each and Every Interaction <ul><li>Recorded and stored for analysis to improve quality of service / experience </li></ul>
  75. 113. Even the Grocer! <ul><li>Almost every industry uses data more effectively than we do </li></ul>
  76. 114. More Open We Are <ul><li>The more data we can gather </li></ul>
  77. 115. More Open We Are The better education will be
  78. 116. Not a Technology Problem Not only do the technologies we need exist, they’re free and open!
  79. 117. This Is an Institutional Will Problem How can we motivate ourselves and our institutions
  80. 118. “ It is not necessary to change. Survival is not mandatory.” W. E. Deming
  81. 119. The Only Proper Role of Tech Increase our capacity to be generous
  82. 120. Thank You! [email_address] http://davidwiley.org/

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