Women Supremacy


Published on

SHF presentation on women supermacy presented by Soch group

Published in: Spiritual, News & Politics
1 Comment
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Women Supremacy

  1. 1. Women Supremacy Sikhism Perspective
  2. 2. <ul><li>Man needs woman even before he is born. </li></ul>Women Supremacy Basic Needs
  3. 3. <ul><li>Prof. Puran Singh writes: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Next to bread, the essential man is centered in his divine love for woman . His sexless passion also has woman as its terra firma. All his glorious hopes and aspirations are bees humming round this flower– woman. The Home of Love revolves round her, as a dream beauty. In a great and cultured world, the honour for woman must needs be infinite.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Woman shall be the second best God or the God of the intellectuals on earth. She shall be absolutely free.” </li></ul>Women Supremacy
  4. 4. Women Supremacy <ul><li>Woman is the most beautiful creation of God. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Sikhism accords highest status to women. </li></ul><ul><li>Guru Nanak Dev ji said: </li></ul><ul><li>so ikau mMdw AwKIAY ijqu jMmih rwjwn ] </li></ul><ul><li>So why call her bad? From her, kings are born. </li></ul><ul><li>Guru Amar Das ji condemned the cruel custom of sati, female infanticide and advocated widow remarriage. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1550’s , Guru Amar Das ji appointed 52 women missionaries out of a total of 146 missionaries. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By the time of Tenth Master, many women were serving in the Khalsa Army. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guru Gobind Singh ji gave her a special identity i.e. the name Kaur, meaning Princess. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During late 1700s women were playing a key role in Misls and even heading the Misl. </li></ul></ul>Women Supremacy
  6. 6. Great Women from Sikh History
  7. 7. Sikhism The Tree of Sikhi created by Waheguru himself and decorated by Guru Nanak Dev ji.
  8. 8. However this was not a normal tree.
  9. 9. It required 239 years of physical presence of Guru on this earth.
  10. 10. It was nurtured by the winds of ‘Gurbani’, ‘Sewa’ and ‘Simran’.
  11. 11. It required the blood of martyrs as water and their limbs as a fertilizer.
  12. 12. The sweet fruit that this tree of Sikhi bears would never had been possible without the contribution of the Great Sikh Women.
  13. 13. Sikh Women
  14. 14. Bebe Nanki Ji <ul><li>DOB – ( 1464-1518 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Family – elder sister of Guru Nanak and the daughter of Kalian Chand (Bab Kalu) and Mata Tripta. </li></ul><ul><li>Brief History – </li></ul><ul><li>She was the First Sikh </li></ul><ul><li>She was the First person to recognize the spiritual eminence of Guru Nanak. </li></ul><ul><li>She loved to be in the Company of saints. </li></ul><ul><li>She was kind hearted and gave money to poor and hungry. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>DOB – ( 1506 - 1582 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Family –Daughter of Karan Devi and Bhai Devi Chand Khatri in a small town called Sanghar.Khivi was married to Lahina, the second Guru of the Sikhs. </li></ul><ul><li>Brief History – </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for establishment of present day LANGAR system. </li></ul><ul><li>Sewa and Hospitality were her main virtues. </li></ul><ul><li>A life devoted to Five Gurus. </li></ul>Mata Khivi Ji
  16. 16. BIBI AMRO JI <ul><li>DOB – She was born in 1532 at village Khadur near Amritsar </li></ul><ul><li>Family –. daughter of Guru Angad Dev, the second Master and Mata Khivi </li></ul><ul><li>Brief History – </li></ul><ul><li>She was the noble woman who showed Guru Amar Das ji, the path of Sikhism. </li></ul><ul><li>She was great preacher of Sihkism. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal daughter in-law who spent her time in meditation,household affairs and services of her in-laws. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>DOB – 19 January 1535 (21 Magh 1591 Bk) </li></ul><ul><li>Family – was born to Mata Mansa Devi. at Basarke Gillan, a village near Amritsar </li></ul><ul><li>Brief History – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daughter of a Guru (Guru Amardas), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wife of a Guru (Guru RamDas), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mother of a Guru (Guru Arjan Dev), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grandmother of a Guru (Guru Hargobind), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Grandmother of a Guru (Guru Tegh Bahadar) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and Great, Great Grandmother of a Guru (Guru Gobind Singh) </li></ul></ul>Bibi Bhani Ji
  18. 18. <ul><li>DOB – 1624 -1705 </li></ul><ul><li>Family – was the wife of the ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadar; the mother of the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh. </li></ul><ul><li>Brief History – </li></ul><ul><li>As a Daughter </li></ul><ul><li>As a Wife </li></ul><ul><li>As a Leader </li></ul><ul><li>As a Mother </li></ul><ul><li>As a Grandmother </li></ul><ul><li>As a Martyr </li></ul>Mata Gujari Ji
  19. 19. <ul><li>DOB – 1681 - 1747 </li></ul><ul><li>Family – Mata Jasdevi Ji and father’s name was Bhai Rama Ji </li></ul><ul><li>Brief History – </li></ul><ul><li>Mother of Khalsa. </li></ul><ul><li>She participated in the sewa of Amrit Sanchar by adding Pataasey(Sugar Wafers) to the Amrit. </li></ul><ul><li>Eternal Mother of Khalsa Panth. </li></ul><ul><li>She was idol of hmility,love,sacrifice and humanity. </li></ul>MOTHER OF KHALSA – MATA SAHIB KAUR JI
  20. 20. <ul><li>Family – Basant Kaur ji was wife Bhai Mani Singh ji. Mata jee belonged to one of the most loyal Sikh family. Mata jee’s and Bhai Sahib Mani Singh jee’s family had 63 shaheeds in total. </li></ul><ul><li>Brief History – </li></ul><ul><li>She accompanied Guru Gobind Singh ji after he decieded to leave Anandpur Sahib. </li></ul><ul><li>She was captured by Mughal soldier Samund Khan. </li></ul><ul><li>She displayed courage and faith in Guru ji at that time. </li></ul><ul><li>She was kind hearted and God fearing. </li></ul>Bibi Basant Kaur Ji
  21. 21. Mai Bhago Ji <ul><li>Family – Born at her ancestral village of Jhabal in presentday Amritsar district of the Punjab, she was married to Nidhan Singh Varaich of Patti. </li></ul><ul><li>Brief History – </li></ul><ul><li>The Forty Liberated Ones. </li></ul><ul><li>After war she accompanied Guru Gobind Singh ji. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Bibi Harsarn Kaur Ji <ul><li>Brief History – </li></ul><ul><li>Guru Gobind Singh Ji's two elder sons together with many other Sikhs,were martyred while fighting the foes at the battle of Chamkaur Sahib. </li></ul><ul><li>She did the last ritual ceremony of the elder two sons of Guru Gobind Singh ji and other Sikhs. </li></ul><ul><li>She herself was thrown into that pyre by the Mughal soldiers. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Maharani Jind Kaur <ul><li>Family – She was the younger daughter of Sardar Manna Singh Aulakh of village Charh (District Sialkot). She became a widow (only two and a half years after marriage) at the young age of 22 (27th June 1839 AD) when her husband Maharaja Ranjit Singh died . </li></ul><ul><li>Brief History – </li></ul><ul><li>First female freedom fighter in the struggle to drive out the British from India. </li></ul><ul><li>She was known for her intelligence and intrepid spirit. </li></ul><ul><li>She hatched a plot to murder the British Resident </li></ul>
  24. 24. Sikh Women
  25. 25. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>
  26. 26. Status of Women Sikhism Perspective
  27. 27. <ul><li>Caste system </li></ul><ul><li>Economic oppression </li></ul><ul><li>Denial of right to property and inheritance </li></ul><ul><li>False sense of impurity attached to menstruation and child birth </li></ul><ul><li>Deprivation of education led to the </li></ul><ul><li>deterioration of women's position in society. </li></ul>In India
  28. 28. <ul><li>Women were referred to as a 'seducer', 'unclean', and a 'temptress‘ and were mainly considered distractions from man's spiritual path. </li></ul><ul><li>She was denied the right to preach or to participate in other religious rites </li></ul>In India
  29. 29. <ul><li>Practice of SATI </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Dowry </li></ul><ul><li>Widow remarriage restricted </li></ul><ul><li>Fasts for husband, children and brothers </li></ul>Social Practices
  30. 30. Sati &quot;They cannot be called satis, who burn themselves with their dead husbands. They can only be called satis, if they bear the shock of separation. They may also be known as satis, who live with character and contentment and always show veneration to their husbands by remembering them.&quot; (Guru Amar Das, Var Suhi, pg. 787)
  31. 31. Dowry &quot;Any other dowry, which the perverse place for show, that is false pride and worthless gilding. O' my Father! give me the Name of Lord God as a gift and dowry.&quot; (Guru Ram Das, Sri Rag, pg. 79)
  32. 32. Veil Stay, stay, O daughter-in-law - do not cover your face with a veil. In the end, this shall not bring you even half a shell. ||1||Pause|| The one before you used to veil her face; do not follow in her footsteps. ||1|| The only merit in veiling your face is that for a few days, people will say, &quot;&quot;What a noble bride has come&quot;&quot;. ||2|| Your veil shall be true only if you skip, dance and sing the Glorious Praises of the Lord. ||3|| Says Kabeer, the soul-bride shall win, only if she passes her life singing the Lord's Praises. ||4||1||34||
  33. 33. <ul><li>How Guru Gobind Singh transformed the feeble woman into Lion Princess </li></ul>Transition
  34. 34. <ul><li>Sundri </li></ul>Sundri
  35. 35. <ul><li>KAUR surname given to all sikh girls </li></ul><ul><li>Kaur means PRINCESS </li></ul><ul><li>Irrespective of her father’s or husband surname </li></ul>Importance of Kaur
  36. 36. <ul><li>From the woman is our birth, in the woman's womb are we shaped; </li></ul><ul><li>To the woman we are engaged, to the woman we are wedded; </li></ul><ul><li>The woman is our friend and from woman is the family; </li></ul><ul><li>Through the woman are the bonds of the world; </li></ul><ul><li>Why call woman evil who gives birth to the kings? </li></ul><ul><li>From the woman is the woman, without woman there is none. </li></ul><ul><li>(Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, 473) </li></ul>Status of woman acc to Sikhism
  37. 37. <ul><li>Married life is celebrated to restore to woman her due place and status as an equal partner in life. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;They are not said to be husband and wife, who </li></ul><ul><li>merely sit together. Rather they alone are called </li></ul><ul><li>husband and wife, who have one soul in two bodies&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>(Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, 788). </li></ul>Equality of women in married life
  38. 38. Equality of married Sikh couple
  39. 39. <ul><li>IMPURE ????? </li></ul>Women I M PURE
  40. 40. <ul><li>If pollution attaches to birth, then pollution is everywhere (for birth is universal). Cow-dung (used for purifying the kitchen floor ) and firewood breed maggots; Not one grain of corn is without life; Water itself is a living substance, imparting life to all vegetation. How can we then believe in pollution, when pollution inheres within staples? </li></ul><ul><li>Says Nanak, pollution is not washed away by purificatory rituals; Pollution is removed by true knowledge alone. </li></ul><ul><li>(Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, 472). </li></ul>Woman is symbol of Purity
  41. 41. <ul><li>Bibi Amro was made in charge of one of the 22 Manjis </li></ul><ul><li>(teaching seat) </li></ul><ul><li>Mata Khivi helped in establishing Langar </li></ul>Women from History
  42. 42. Ladies doing complete Sewa
  43. 43. Women help in preparing Amrit
  44. 44. <ul><li>Rani Sada Kaur </li></ul>Sikh women in state affair
  45. 45. <ul><li>Sikh women part of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Panj Pyare </li></ul></ul>Sikh women in state affair
  46. 46. Epitome of Courage Mughal imperial forces had warned Sikhs against going to Darbar Sahib, Amritsar. One mother got up at Amrit Vela and left for the holy temple with her child. On the way she met a minister, who warned her. Do you know what she replied?
  47. 47. <ul><li>Gatka </li></ul>Gatka
  48. 48. Women in Military
  49. 49. Women in Military World War II Participation of Kaurs
  50. 50. <ul><li>Guru says Sikh women have the independence </li></ul><ul><li>But it doesn’t mean they should not know their responsibilities </li></ul>Independence
  51. 51. <ul><li>Waheguru ji ka Khalsa </li></ul><ul><li>Waheguru ji ki Fateh ji </li></ul>Thank You
  52. 52. Symbol of Perfection MATA GUJRI
  53. 53. Who was Mata Gujri? <ul><li>Wife of Ninth Guru, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji </li></ul><ul><li>Mother of Tenth Guru, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji </li></ul><ul><li>Grandmother of Four Sahibzadas (Ajit Singh, Zorawar Singh, Jujhar Singh and Fateh Singh) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Real Name : Gujjar Kaur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Year of Birth : 1624 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place of Birth : Kartarpur, Punjab </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Father’s Name : Bhai Lal Chand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mother’s Name: Bibi Bishan Kaur </li></ul></ul>
  54. 54. <ul><li>A Perfect woman, a “Puran Istree “ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully supported and contributed in the mission of Guru Teg Bahadur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised the extraordinary child, Gobind Singh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managed the affairs of the Sikh Panth while the Guru was still a child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspired and prepared her young grandsons for the ultimate Sacrifice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First Sikh Martyr Lady </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Wife of a Martyr, Mother of a Martyr, the Grandmother of Martyrs and herself a Martyr” </li></ul>The Real Introduction
  55. 55. Contributions with Life History <ul><li>As a Daughter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mata ji was brought up with the consciousness of the Guru’s light; she fulfilled her parent’s aspiration of serving the path of the Guru beyond their expectations by growing into a perfect role model of grace, strength, persistence and sacrifice. </li></ul></ul>
  56. 56. Contributions with Life History <ul><li>As a Wife </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Got Married to Guru Tegh Bahadur on 4 th Feb 1633 in Kartarpur. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supported Guru Tegh Bahadur when he was deep in meditation for years, again while he was on his missionary tour, and finally, when the Guru left for Delhi to make the supreme sacrifice. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faced the hard time of Guru Tegh Bahadur’s shaheedi with fortitude. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  57. 57. Contributions with Life History <ul><li>As a Mother and a Leader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At Patna, Mata Gujari gave birth to a son on 22 December 1666. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The child was named Gobind Rai, the illustrious Guru Gobind Singh of later day. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endowed the best qualities of the Sikh faith In young Govind. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moulded the father of the Khalsa, the great Guru Gobind Singh, raising him as a single mother after the martyrdom of Guru Teg Bahadur ji. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In July 1677, arranged the marriage of young Gobind to mata Jito Ji </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managed the responsibility of the panth with the brother Kripal Singh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized Langars and played an important role as an administrative of the Army </li></ul></ul>
  58. 58. Contributions with Life History <ul><li>As aGrandmother </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brought up the Sahizades after Mata Sundri’s death in 1700. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When Mataji and younger Sahabzades were arrested and confined in Sirhind Fort, she guided children to remain steadfast in their faith. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constantly reminded Sahibzadas about their Grandfather and Great- Grandfather’s sacrifice. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Filled in the courage to not to give up and budge from their beliefs in little children. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It was due to her teachings that the seven and nine year old children did not leave their faith and attained martyrdom. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  59. 59. Martyrdom <ul><li>Imprisoned on top of the tower with no warm clothes in month of December. </li></ul><ul><li>In such torturous state also, kept singing Guru ki Bani </li></ul><ul><li>On December 27, 1704, she breathed her last meditating after hearing the news of the Martyrdom her Grandsons. Thus, attaining martyrdom on the same day as her grandsons. </li></ul><ul><li>Kept the tradition of sikhism and gave her body singing Gurbani </li></ul><ul><li>These days, there stands a Gurudwara, Fatehgarh Sahib. </li></ul>
  60. 60. MATA GUJRI Symbol of Perfection
  61. 61. Women and Sikh Rehat Maryada
  62. 62. <ul><li>kIqw pswau eyko kvwau ] </li></ul><ul><li>You created the vast expanse of the Universe with </li></ul><ul><li>One Word! </li></ul><ul><li>hukmu swij hukmY ivic rKY hukmY AMdir vyKY ] </li></ul><ul><li>By the Hukam of His Command, He formed the Universe, and in His Hukam, He keeps it. By His Hukam, He keeps it under His Gaze. </li></ul>
  63. 63. <ul><li>swcu Drmu nhI BwvY fITw ] </li></ul><ul><li>He does not like to see Truth and righteousness . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>JUT Doh isau ricE mITw ] </li></ul><ul><li>He is attached to falsehood and deception; they seem sweet to him. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>dwiq ipAwrI ivsirAw dwqwrw ] </li></ul><ul><li>He loves gifts, but he forgets the Giver. </li></ul><ul><li>jwxY nwhI mrxu ivcwrw ]2] </li></ul><ul><li>The wretched creature does not even think of death. ||2| | </li></ul>
  64. 64. <ul><li>Code of conduct which defines the rules for leading life as per God’s consent. </li></ul><ul><li>Actions performed abiding by religious norms whose influence is always there on your mind. </li></ul>What is Rehat Maryada?
  65. 65. <ul><li>Any human being who faithfully believes in: </li></ul><ul><li>One Immortal Being </li></ul><ul><li>Ten Gurus, from Guru Nanak Dev to Guru Gobind Singh </li></ul><ul><li>The Guru Granth Sahib </li></ul><ul><li>The utterances and teachings of the ten Gurus </li></ul><ul><li>The baptism bequeathed by the tenth Guru, </li></ul><ul><li>and who does not owe allegiance to any other religion, is a Sikh . </li></ul>Definition of Sikh
  66. 66. Meditating on Naam <ul><li>He/She should recite the following scriptural compositions every day: </li></ul><ul><li>The Japji , the Jaapu and the Ten Sawayyas (Quartets) – beginning “Sarawag sudh” - in the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Sodar Rehras to be recited in the evening. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sohila - to be recited at night before going to bed </li></ul>
  67. 67. <ul><li>No person, no matter which country, religion or cast he/she belongs to, is debarred from entering the gurdwara for darshan (seeing the holy shrine). </li></ul><ul><li>No Sikh should sit bare-headed in the presence of the Guru Granth Sahib or in the congregation. For Sikh women, joining the congregation uncomfortably draped and with veils drawn over their faces is contrary to gurmat (Guru’s way). </li></ul>Joining the Congregation
  68. 68. <ul><li>rhu rhu rI bhurIAw GUMGtu ijin kwFY ] </li></ul><ul><li>Stay, stay, O daughter-in-law - do not cover your face with a veil. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>AMq kI bwr lhYgI n AwFY ]1] rhwau ] </li></ul><ul><li>In the end, this shall not bring you even half a shell. ||1||Pause|| </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>GUMGt kwFy kI iehY bfweI ] </li></ul><ul><li>The only merit in veiling your face is </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>idn ds pWc bhU Bly AweI ]2] </li></ul><ul><li>that for a few days, people will say, &quot;&quot;What a noble bride has come&quot;&quot;. ||2|| </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>GUMGtu qyro qau pir swcY ] </li></ul><ul><li>Your veil shall be true only if </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>hir gun gwie kUdih Aru nwcY ]3] </li></ul><ul><li>you skip, dance and sing the Glorious Praises of the Lord. ||3|| </li></ul>True Veil: A must for everyone
  69. 69. <ul><li>Every Sikh man, woman, boy or girl, should learn Gurmukhi to be able to read the Guru Granth Sahib. </li></ul>Reading of Sri Guru Granth Sahib
  70. 70. Making Offerings, Consecration and Distribution <ul><li>The person who doles out the Karhah Prashad among the congregation should do so without any discrimination on the basis of personal regard or spite. He should dole out the Karhah Prashad equally to the Sikhs, the non-Sikhs or a person of high or low caste. While doling out the Karhah Prashad, no discrimination should be made on considerations of caste or ancestry or being regarded, by some, as untouchable, of persons within the congregation. </li></ul>
  71. 71. <ul><li>A Sikh should not kill his daughter, nor should he maintain any relationship with a killer of daughter. </li></ul><ul><li>He who regards another man’s daughter as his own daughter, regards another man’s wife as his mother, has coition with his own wife alone, he alone is a truly disciplined Sikh of the Guru. </li></ul><ul><li>pr bytI ko bytI jwnY[ pr iesqRI ko mwq bKwnY[ </li></ul><ul><li>Consider other’s daughter as your own, consider other’s ife as your mother. </li></ul><ul><li>eykw nwrI jqI hoie pr nwrI DI BYx vKwxY] </li></ul><ul><li>Having one women as wife he (the Sikh) is a celibate and considers any other's wife his daughter or a sister . </li></ul>Living in Consonance with Guru’s Tenets
  72. 72. <ul><li>The superstition as to the pollution of food and water in consequence of birth must not be subscribed </li></ul><ul><li>“ The birth and death are by His ordinance; coming and going is by His will. All food and water are, in principle, clean, for these life-sustaining substances are provided by Him.” </li></ul><ul><li>jy kir sUqku mMnIAY sB qY sUqku hoie ] </li></ul><ul><li>If one accepts the concept of impurity, then there is impurity everywhere. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>gohy AqY lkVI AMdir kIVw hoie ] </li></ul><ul><li>In cow-dung and wood there are worms. </li></ul>Purity
  73. 73. <ul><li>Any man or woman of any country, religion or cast who embraces Sikhism and solemnly undertakes to abide by its principles is entitled to Amrit sanchar </li></ul><ul><li>At the place where Amrit sanchar is to be administered, the holy Guru Granth Sahib should be installed and ceremonially opened. Also present should be six committed baptized Sikhs, one of whom should sit in attendance of the Guru Granth Sahib and the other five should be there to administer the ambrosial baptism. These six may even include Sikh women . </li></ul>Amrit Sanchar
  74. 74. <ul><li>A Sikh man and woman should enter wedlock without giving thought to the prospective spouse’s caste and descent. </li></ul><ul><li>The marriage party should be as small a number of people as the girl’s people desire. </li></ul><ul><li>Consulting horoscopes for determining which day or date is auspicious or otherwise for fixing the day of the marriage is a sacrilege . Any day that the parties find suitable by mutual consultation should be fixed. </li></ul>Anand Karaj
  75. 75. <ul><li>No Sikh should accept a match for his/her son or daughter for monetary consideration. </li></ul><ul><li>The girl’s and boy’s people should keep accepting each other’s hospitality, because the Guru has joined them in relationship of equality. </li></ul>Anand Karaj <ul><li>If a woman’s husband has died, she may , if she so wishes, finding a match suitable for her, remarry. For a Sikh man whose wife has died, similar ordinance obtains. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally, no Sikh should marry a second wife if the first wife is alive. </li></ul>
  76. 77. Mata Bhag Kaur Power of Inspiration
  77. 78. <ul><li>Year 1705, Fort of Anandpur . </li></ul><ul><li>Guru Gobind Singh jee and his sikhs are inside the fort </li></ul><ul><li>Huge Armies of Aurangzeb and hill chiefs have surrounded the fort. </li></ul>Anandpur 1705 AD
  78. 79. <ul><li>Hill Chiefs make an offer to Guruji </li></ul><ul><li>They promise to allow free passage to Guruji and his sikhs if they abandon the fort. </li></ul>
  79. 80. <ul><li>Guruji knew that hill chiefs will go back on their word </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately the sikh soldiers could not see through their intentions </li></ul>
  80. 81. Confronted by such adversities, Sikhs plead to Guruji to accept the enemy’s proposal and abandon the fort. <ul><li>The Sikhs are subjected to multiple adversities: </li></ul><ul><li>Huge enemy forces to fight with. </li></ul><ul><li>Food and ammunition running out. </li></ul><ul><li>Sikhs dead tired from the protracted battle, longing to see their families. </li></ul>
  81. 82. <ul><li>Guruji refused </li></ul><ul><li>Even then Sikhs plead to Guruji everyday. </li></ul><ul><li>Guruji told them to submit BEDAWA if they really desired to leave. </li></ul>.
  82. 83. <ul><li>Sikhs were dumbfounded. </li></ul><ul><li>On the one hand were Guruji, on the other hand were their families. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually the desire to meet their families won over them and they became ready to write the BEDAWA. </li></ul><ul><li>40 sikhs under the leadership of Maha Singh wrote the BEDAWA </li></ul>
  83. 84. <ul><li>On meeting their families, Sikhs face severe criticism for abandoning Guruji. </li></ul><ul><li>Mata Bhag Kaur also stays in the same village where these 40 sikhs stayed. </li></ul><ul><li>Her grandfather Bhai Langaha, had served under Guru Arjan Dev and Guru Hargobind jee </li></ul>
  84. 85. <ul><li>Since childhood Mai Bhago was deeply attached to Sikhi. </li></ul><ul><li>Events/atrocities like martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, injustice done to the Sikhs and their harassment by the Mughal army, martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur had left a great impact on her. </li></ul><ul><li>She wanted to commit herself to stop injustice and violence against the Sikhs. </li></ul><ul><li>Bravery and courage ran in her blood. </li></ul><ul><li>She was well built and possessed soldier like features. </li></ul><ul><li>After accepting Amrit, she came to be known as Bhag Kaur </li></ul>
  85. 86. <ul><li>As a child, she longed to stay at Anandpur, learn the martial arts and become a soldier in Guruji’s sikh army, but her family did not approve of this. </li></ul><ul><li>Back home, she started learning the art of warfare and horse riding from her father. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon she became a staunch saint soldier. </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile, she was married to Bhai Nidhan Singh of village Patti near Amritsar. </li></ul>
  86. 87. <ul><li>She came to know that some Sikhs of her area had deserted Guru Gobind Singh at Anandpur Sahib and renounced his Guruship in writing. </li></ul><ul><li>She inspired many women to dress as soldiers and fight for Guruji. </li></ul><ul><li>She exhorted the ladies not to entertain the 40 sikhs who deserted Guruji to the extent of not allowing them to enter their houses. </li></ul><ul><li>She provoked and inspired the 40 sikhs to win over their cowardice, to be ready to die for Guruji. </li></ul>
  87. 88. <ul><li>It was due to her encouragement that the 40 sikhs realized their guilt. </li></ul><ul><li>They took oath  to die fighting and not to retreat from the battlefield. </li></ul><ul><li>The 40 Sikhs, accompanied by Mata Bhag Kaur, marched to help Guruji and seek his forgiveness. </li></ul>
  88. 89. <ul><li>On their way, they came to know that the Guru was camping at the lake of Khidrana, near Mukatsar. </li></ul><ul><li>Mughal forces were proceeding towards Guruji </li></ul><ul><li>Mai Bhago and the party decided to intercept the Mughal army proceeding towards the Guru </li></ul>
  89. 90. <ul><li>They knew that the Mughal army was huge and they were only forty.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Still they fought, aware of the fact that they would never win but they had to prove a point. </li></ul>
  90. 91. Mai Bhag Kaur herself fought in the front lines.
  91. 92. <ul><li>The mercenary soldiers could not face the devoted Sikhs.  </li></ul><ul><li>The Guru from the mound near the lake supported the Sikhs with showers of arrows.  </li></ul><ul><li>The Mughal army generals took to their heels and retreated to save their lives . </li></ul>
  92. 93. <ul><li>Guru jee came down from the mound and found that every member of Bhag Kaur’s party was either dead or ounded. </li></ul><ul><li>Mai Bhag Kaur was lying badly injured.  </li></ul><ul><li>She was treated and soon she recovered fully. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  93. 94. <ul><li>Bhai Maha Singh was dying when Guru Ji reached him. </li></ul><ul><li>Guru Ji put some water in Bhai Mahan Singh’s mouth and said to him, “I am proud of you all. What is your last wish? </li></ul><ul><li>Mahan Singh requested the Guru to forgive all the deserters. Guru jee tore the Bedawa </li></ul>
  94. 95. <ul><li>The 40 Muktas(Liberated ones) are remembered daily in the Sikh prayers  </li></ul><ul><li>  A great fair is held every year in January in memory of the Guru’s arrival there and redemption of the disunited.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  95. 96. <ul><li>The Guru acknowledged Mai Bhago for her bravery and courage. </li></ul><ul><li>Mai Bhago  wished to stay with Guruji and serve him. </li></ul><ul><li>Her wish was granted and she stayed with the Guru as a member of his bodyguards. </li></ul>
  96. 97. <ul><li>She accompanied the Guruji to Damdama Sahib, Agra, and Nanded. </li></ul><ul><li>After Guruji left for heavenly abode , she left Nanded and settled in Bidar. She stayed their till she left this world. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a Gurdwara built in her memory near the main Gurdwara Sachkhand at Nanded. Her spear is still preserved at the Gurdwara along with the arms of Guru Gobind Singh. </li></ul><ul><li>The place where she used to meditate in Bidar is also built into a gurudwara.(about 10km from Nanak Jheera Saheb Gurudwara in Bidar).  </li></ul>
  97. 98. Mai Bhago’s guns <ul><li>She was a symbol of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspiration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bravery and courage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selfless devotion and sacrifice to Guruji. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Her example inspired many brave Sikh ladies to face death with honor. </li></ul>
  98. 99. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>
  99. 100. Panel Discussion Gender Equality or Self Realization?
  100. 101. Gender Equality or Self Realization <ul><li>What is the real issue? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender Equality or Self Realization </li></ul></ul>
  101. 102. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>
  102. 103. Power of Faith Meer Manu's Jail
  103. 104. “ I’m gonna be a millionaire!” “ Im in Safe hands!” “ He will Save me! ” Oxford Dictionary Faith = firm belief without logic Faith = you do an activity expecting a result, but result not guaranteed.
  104. 105. Meer Manu's Jail Power of Faith
  106. 107. Bhai Taru Singh gave his scalp but not his FAITH
  107. 108. The heads of Sikhs brought before the Sultan for a payment of 5 rupees.
  108. 109. Sikhs being tortured before being beheaded
  109. 110. Sikhs, while undergoing all these cruelties kept their morale and spirits high. To express there feelings, there is a folk saying of that period: &quot; We are like plants and Mannu a sickle, all know. The more he cuts us, the more we grow .&quot;
  110. 111. Sikh Women being made to grind tons of wheat in jails
  111. 112. Children massacred in front of them
  112. 113. Women made to wear the garlands made of their childrens' dismembered body parts
  113. 114. <ul><li>jy suKu dyih q quJih ArwDI duiK BI quJY iDAweI ]2] </li></ul><ul><li>If You will bless me with happiness, then I will worship and adore You. Even in pain, I will meditate on You. ||2|| </li></ul><ul><li>jy BuK dyih q ieq hI rwjw duK ivic sUK mnweI ]3] </li></ul><ul><li>Even if You give me hunger, I will still feel satisfied; I am joyful, even in the midst of sorrow. ||3|| </li></ul><ul><li>- Guru Ramdaas Ji </li></ul>
  114. 115. aulwhno mY kwhU n dIE ] I don't blame anyone else. mn mIT quhwro kIE ]1] rhwau ] Whatever You do is sweet to my mind. ||1||Pause|| AwigAw mwin jwin suKu pwieAw suin suin nwmu quhwro jIE ] Understanding and obeying Your Order, I have found peace; hearing, listening to Your Name, I live. eIhW aUhw hir qum hI qum hI iehu gur qy mMqRü idRVIE ]1] Here and hereafter, O Lord, You, only You. The Guru has implanted this Mantra within me. ||1|| - Guru Arjan Dev Ji
  115. 116. The martyrdom and unparalleled sacrifices of the great Sikh women and their children are remembered by Sikhs in their prayer : &quot; Let us remember the women who suffered in the jail of Mannu, remained hungry, worked heavy stone mills, watched their children being pierced by the spears and got their body pieces around their necks ... keeping their sacrifices in mind let all of us hail them and say Waheguru .“
  116. 117. Gurudwara Shaheed Ganj Singh Singhnian, Lahore
  117. 118. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>
  118. 119. Female Foeticide and Sikhism
  119. 128. Female Foeticide
  120. 129. Month 5
  121. 130. Month 5
  122. 131. Month 5
  123. 132. Month 5
  124. 133. Month 5
  125. 134. Month 5
  126. 135. Month 5
  127. 136. Month 5
  128. 137. Month 5
  129. 138. Crad led in your cozy womb, Step by step, my life blooms Month 1
  130. 139. You nurture me and protect me too Together we shall e xplore the world new Month 2
  131. 140. Month 3 I can feel your emotions and your touch I already care for you very much
  132. 141. Month 4 Bound by a heartbeat, we are so close I am now complete from head to toes Month 4
  133. 142. Month 5 You have learnt that I am a girl today Why has your mood turned gloomy and grey? Month 5
  134. 147. Gurbani’s Perspective <ul><li>We are born of woman, we are conceived in the womb of woman, we are engaged and married to woman. We make friendship with woman and the lineage continued because of woman. When one woman dies, we take another one, we are bound with the world through woman. Why should we talk ill of her, who gives birth to kings? The woman is born from woman; there is none without her. Only the One True Lord is without woman&quot; (Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Var Asa, Ang 473) </li></ul><ul><li>Women and men, all the men and women, all came from the One Primal Lord God </li></ul><ul><li>In this world, there is one Husband Lord; all other beings are His brides. </li></ul><ul><li>You Yourself are the male, and You Yourself are the female. </li></ul>
  135. 148. <ul><li>Sons only can carry the family name forward (?) </li></ul>Why Female Foeticide ?? Second Issue
  136. 149. <ul><li>Men are more capable (?) </li></ul>Beti
  137. 150. <ul><li>Sons – Old age insurance (?) </li></ul>
  138. 153. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>
  139. 154. <ul><li>The Role and Status of Women in Sikhism, Dr. M.K. Gill </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sikhwomen.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_Sikhism </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php?title=Sikh_Women </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.projectnaad.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.see-q.net/features/sikhwoman.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/great-sikh-women/great-sikh-women.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sikhs.org/women.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sikhnarimanch.com/content.asp?id=98124555&cat=10&parentid=0 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sikhspirit.com/khalsa/news51.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.searchsikhism.com/women.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.realsikhism.com/faq/women.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sikhphilosophy.net/history-of-sikhism/2938-mai-bhago-noble-brave-sikh-women.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.advancedcentrepunjabi.org/eos/WOMEN%20IN%20SIKHISM.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mrsikhnet.com/index.php/2006/11/27/women-in-sikhism-gender-inequality/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://wapedia.mobi/en/Women_in_Sikhism </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.worldsikhcouncil.org/press/2003/ConfrenceWomenRights.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sikhs.org/women_h.htm </li></ul>References