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Update Oct 2009


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Sustainable agricuture update and no-work garden discussion with Brad Brummond and Frank Kutka

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Update Oct 2009

  1. 1. Sustainable Agriculture Update (with a peek at No-Work Gardens) Frank J. Kutka and Brad Brummond
  2. 2. What is SARE?
  3. 3. Why do we have agriculture? What is Sustainable Agriculture? <ul><li>An integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will over the long term : </li></ul><ul><li>a) Satisfy human food and fiber needs. </li></ul><ul><li>b) Enhance environmental quality and the natural resource base upon which the agriculture economy depends. </li></ul><ul><li>c) Make the most efficient use of non-renewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls. </li></ul><ul><li>d) Sustain the economic viability of farm operations. </li></ul><ul><li>e) Enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>-From Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act of 1996 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Certified organic production may be the best choice sometimes, and sometimes not. Sustainable agriculture is not just about organic or alternative practices. It is about meeting goals . Organic soy in the Red River Valley
  5. 5. SARE has info to help make use of practices that could help reach sustainability goals. Certified organic wheat, Stark Co.
  6. 6. SARE also has many grant programs to promote sustainable agriculture
  7. 7. Farmer Rancher Grants <ul><li>Up to $6,000 for individuals and up to $18,000 for groups of three or more. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers and Ranchers identify a problem and a possible solution so their farms can be more sustainable. </li></ul><ul><li>Extension Agents can assist as consultants. </li></ul><ul><li>Proposals are due December 3rd! </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Youth Grants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to $400 per project </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Youth Educator Grants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to $2000 per project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both are due in September ! </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. For more information: <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  10. 10. SARE and NACAA <ul><li>NACAA AM/PIC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Go to SARE workshops and Tours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply for SARE ND Travel Scholarship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must have a plan on how the information will be shared </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combine with jackpot or Chapman money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SARE advisory council decides </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. NACAA <ul><li>Search for Excellence in Sustainable Ag </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$500 cash award for regional winners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation at the Am/PIC if win </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SARE Fellows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Become a fellow and tour the 4 regions of the Country in 2 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One fellow per year from each region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great trip and opportunity </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Organic Advisory Council <ul><li>Advises the Commissioner of Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Represents all facets of organic Ag </li></ul><ul><li>Brad Brummond president and university rep </li></ul><ul><li>Grow the next generation of organic farmers </li></ul>
  13. 13. ManDak Zero Tillage Farming Association Workshop <ul><li>Minot ND </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 11-13 </li></ul><ul><li>Will have researchers and farmers from around the world to explain the biology and application of advanced no-till practices </li></ul>
  14. 14. Burleigh County Soil Health Workshop <ul><li>Bismarck ND </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Come and see how integrating crop rotations, crop land grazing, cover crops and direct seeding can increase profits by increasing soil health </li></ul>
  15. 15. NPSAS Annual Meeting <ul><li>Watertown SD </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 9-11 </li></ul><ul><li>Speakers on organic farming, no-till techniques, soil biology, and more </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking of an educator track for future meetings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We just need the numbers to justify it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great training opportunity and chance to meet other agents doing it </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Sustainable Nation? <ul><li>Push is nationally and world wide to have a small foot print on the world </li></ul><ul><li>Current president has been friendly to it, Congress has been for 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability is the new new thing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t see this changing in the future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There will most likely be opportunities in the future </li></ul>
  17. 17. Update Summary <ul><li>We see in the future the strong need for agents with sustainable ag trainings </li></ul><ul><li>We think it will be expected </li></ul><ul><li>This is not your father’s no-till or organic </li></ul><ul><li>Research will take this to new levels in the future </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No-till organics? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No-till 2.0? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More IPM, IWM, and INM? </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. No-Work Gardens <ul><li>Is this for real? </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>Why might this approach help sustain agricultural production and rural communities (profitable, quality of life, environment)? </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Podoll Family began this garden in 1974 after reading a book by Ruth Stout
  20. 20. The thick mulch of grass hay covers the soil and prevents most weeds
  21. 21. This feeds the soil microbes, making the soil dark, soft and fertile
  22. 22. It also protects the soil from pounding rain and summer heat and maintains moisture
  23. 23. To plant, the mulch is pulled back to the width of a spading fork to warm the soil
  24. 24. New mulch is added to cover the soil after the plants come up. Most crops respond wonderfully to this no-till, mulch management
  25. 25. Roger and Pat Ashley manage this no-till garden This scene is in May, right after spraying
  26. 26. As perennial and annual weeds die, seeds are planted
  27. 27. All the disturbance needed to plant squash
  28. 28. June brings transplants and more emergence
  29. 29. Beans coming up slowly through dead sod…
  30. 30. … but by mid summer all warm season crops look pretty good!
  31. 31. In fall plant debris will be augmented with a rye planting
  32. 32. Here is how many weeds I was faced with in my garden corn patch this summer
  33. 33. No-Work Gardens <ul><li>I lied, there really is some work to do </li></ul><ul><li>Plant residue and no-tilling are the key </li></ul><ul><li>Residue can be grown in place and sprayed or brought in as clean mulch </li></ul><ul><li>These gardens appear to use moisture efficiently, to build soil, to build fertility, to reduce labor, to reduce costs, to be productive, and maybe to be lots more fun! They could be sustainable for families and market growers </li></ul>