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Jurgen Habermas

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Jurgen Habermas

  1. 1. Jurgen Habermas Nemi - Villamil Languague and Culture II Teacher : Nelida Spiatta
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Jürgen Habermas was born June 18, 1929 in Düsseldorf, Germany. He is a philosopher and social theorist. His work focuses on the foundations of social theory and epistemology, the analysis of advanced capitalist industrial society and of democracy and the rule of law in a critical social-evolutionary context, and contemporary politics </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>He challenged social science by suggesting that human beings are capable of rationality and are able to communicate with one another successfully </li></ul><ul><li>He considered his major achievement to be the development of the concept and theory of communicative reason or communicative rationality </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>His framework rests on the argument called universal pragmatics </li></ul><ul><li>Human beings possess the communicative competence </li></ul><ul><li>Rationalization, humanization, and democratization of society in terms of institutionalization of the potential for rationality. </li></ul><ul><li>He believed communicative competence had developed through the course of evolution  contemporary society = suppressed or weakened </li></ul>
  5. 5. A variety of factors resulted in the eventual decay of the public sphere <ul><li>The growth of commercial mass media </li></ul><ul><li>The welfare state </li></ul><ul><li>Also turned it into a site of self-interested contestation for the resources of the state </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Hope for the future in the new era of political community </li></ul><ul><li>This political system requires an activist public sphere </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Habermas’ defence of modernity and civil society has been a source of inspiration to others, and is considered a major philosophical alternative to the varieties of poststructuralism . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Structuralism  Is an approach to the human sciences that attempts to analyze a specific field as a complex system of interrelated parts.  the structure is what determines the position of each element of a whole.  every system has a structure. <ul><li>Postructuralism  Is closely related to postmodernism.  It rejects definitions that claim to have discovered absolute &quot;truths&quot; or facts about the world. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sources <ul><li>BiographyBase, ( http:// ) </li></ul><ul><li>, ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopaedia , ( ) </li></ul>

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