PROJECT COMENIUS 2008

 ROOTS AND WINGS


                   Multilateral Partnership
ITALY-Cutrofiano
                   ...
PROJECT COMENIUS
         2008/2010
    ROOTS AND WINGS
        Description of proposed partnership
The participating stud...
COMENIUS
                           PARTNERSHIPS




    ISTITUTO
 COMPRENSIVO
 DI CUTROFIANO
Comenius group 2008-2009

  ...
Log in
SCHOOL YEARS 2008-10
The activities in this multimedia work has been carried out by students of the first
and second class...
COAT OF ARMS
• The origins of the arms have no historical
                   certainty.
  It’ s supposed that Filomarini (...
ORIGIN OF THE NAME "CUTROFIANO"
  About the roots of the name "Cutrofiano" many scholars have
  discussed.

There are seve...
SIGNS OF THE TIME




 St. John Byzantine crypt




                            ROMAN ROAD
SIGNS OF PREHISTORY IN
            CUTROFIANO

       The
  modifications
   undergone in
  the landscape
     over the
ce...
As for the ancient people, we
                                          know that the Paleolithic
                        ...
At     Cutrofiano    were     found
prehistoric signs   and pre-Roman
settlements.    Very     interesting
material was fo...
The small collection of knives and pieces of flint and
     obsidian, some clay reels, the beautiful stone and other ceram...
Another site ,Badia, could be considered a residential
settlement in the late Bronze and early Iron Age.




             ...
This area is called Greek Salento.
In Roman times, the landscape of Cutrofiano, according to the study of
Valeria Melissan...
SIGNS OF HISTORY IN
                ROMAN CUTROFIANO
   From the eleventh century BC, people coming from ILLIRIA (now
   A...
Memorial stone Roman Empire




The signing of Roman rule in our country is the road texture. For
the Romans the way is th...
In Roman times, the need for post
                               stations to change horses,
                              ...
Fragments of pottery. Age of Bronze Final
                                      Contrada Badia




Cup monounsata
Cup mini...
Missing the Western Roman Empire the
current Salento remained under the
Byzantine Empire




                             ...
Kilix. Age Messapica (3rd - 4th
century. A.C
Contrada Jacurao (Sogliano Cavour).




                                     ...
Memorial stone. Roman Imperial Age
  Contrada Petrore-Castelli




             Coperchio Sarcofago. Età Romana Imperiale....
The ancient
walls...
These were
probably the walls
which surrounded
Cutrofiano……
Inside the
walls…..there
were the most
important
buildings
becouse the
old town was
the heart of
social,
political and
rel...
Buildings inside the walls
The city
  walls
  just outside
the walls were
   held the
 workshops ....
 The museum
    collects
testimonies of
links b...
Cutrofiano Greek and
      Byzantine
From the fifth century AD, after the fall of the
Roman empire, Salento became a battl...
GRIKO in SALENTO:
      AN ISLAND OF GREECE
.   When does Griko form in Salento?


    There are two theories:
    The fir...
It 's so that Antonio
 Costantini defines our
 architecture:      “Trulli
 ,pajare, dry walls and
 mirrors       that   ha...
SIGNS OF OUR HISTORY
Signs that
    fortunately
  survived in our
    country and
 representing our
history. Not that,
because we are on
  this...
One of the finest
traditions of our
country was the
custom of
lighting huge
stacks of wood,
called "focare"
generally
cons...
THE FOCARE


• This tradition has been handed down among the inhabitants
  of Cutrofiano for more than two centuries, and ...
THE CUREMMA
After the period of carnival, the women hang on
the terraces of the houses the Curemma, an old
and thin puppet...
There is the tradition of singing Santu Lazzaru the
nights of Thursday, Friday and Saturday before
The Palm. It is not spe...
Sulle tracce dell'uomo
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Sulle tracce dell'uomo

738 views

Published on

Istituto Compresnivo Cutrofiano (Lecce)
PROJECT COMENIUS 2008-2010
"ROOTS AND WINGS" - "Sulle tracce dell'Uomo"
Alunni/e Classi II° - guidati dal Prof. Giuseppe Virdi
Translation and summary by Tiziana DISO

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
738
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
201
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Sulle tracce dell'uomo

  1. 1. PROJECT COMENIUS 2008 ROOTS AND WINGS Multilateral Partnership ITALY-Cutrofiano GREECE-Kerkyra HUNGARY-Nyíregyháza ROMANIA-Vaslui
  2. 2. PROJECT COMENIUS 2008/2010 ROOTS AND WINGS Description of proposed partnership The participating students investigate elements of their national cultural features in the past and the present. They spot elements that have changed and others that remain alive through the time. They compare these elements to the corresponding ones of the other participants and they pinpoint similarities and/or differences.
  3. 3. COMENIUS PARTNERSHIPS ISTITUTO COMPRENSIVO DI CUTROFIANO Comenius group 2008-2009 PRESENTS
  4. 4. Log in
  5. 5. SCHOOL YEARS 2008-10 The activities in this multimedia work has been carried out by students of the first and second classes of the middle school of the Comprehensive “Don Bosco” in Cutrofiano. Teachers: Prof. Virdi Giuseppe-Paglialonga Monica- Vincenti Vincenzo Translation and summary by Tiziana Diso
  6. 6. COAT OF ARMS • The origins of the arms have no historical certainty. It’ s supposed that Filomarini (lord in Cutrofiano) had a large herd of fine horses, so on his arms appear a horse. • That horses were an important part of the local economy is illustrated by the ancient name of the main town square, Largo Cavallerizza, The Town Hall Square today. • It is supposed to be S.George on his horse who kills the dragon which then is deseappered.
  7. 7. ORIGIN OF THE NAME "CUTROFIANO" About the roots of the name "Cutrofiano" many scholars have discussed. There are several hypotheses: As to Rohlfs the name has its roots in the pre-Messapic language (Osco) OCTUFRI, hence the name Cutrofiano, appeared only once in the Middle Ages; According to some scholars it is a very likely hypothesis common to many towns in Salento-ANO-ending, so many human settlements exist on the site of a Roman municipium; There is a hypothesis that the name derives from the greek KUTRA (pot) and FUNAI (rise) and then the country where there are pots; According to the tradition Cutrofiano popular name derives from "Cutrubbo, antique vase by for storage of oil.
  8. 8. SIGNS OF THE TIME St. John Byzantine crypt ROMAN ROAD
  9. 9. SIGNS OF PREHISTORY IN CUTROFIANO The modifications undergone in the landscape over the centuries do not allow a precise reconstruction of the ancient settlements.
  10. 10. As for the ancient people, we know that the Paleolithic settlement affects areas where there is the presence of caves and shelters. The Neolithic settlement, spread in the most fertile plains close to rivers. The area of the menhirs, followed the distribution of fertile land which coincides with that of the tuffs and local stone. Topografia del territorio di Cutrofiano
  11. 11. At Cutrofiano were found prehistoric signs and pre-Roman settlements. Very interesting material was found in the Byzantine Crypt of San Giovanni (near PISCOPO on the way to Pretore). St. John Byzantine crypt Entrance to the crypt of St. John Fresco in the crypt of St John.
  12. 12. The small collection of knives and pieces of flint and obsidian, some clay reels, the beautiful stone and other ceramic fragments found at the site of St. John's (and now preserved in the local museum) allow us to say that around Cutrofiano there were human settlements since the late Neolithic and Bronze age (4th - 2nd millennium BC). Stone ax. Early Bronze Age. Contrada San Giovanni
  13. 13. Another site ,Badia, could be considered a residential settlement in the late Bronze and early Iron Age. Bronze Age bowl. Contrada San Giovanni
  14. 14. This area is called Greek Salento. In Roman times, the landscape of Cutrofiano, according to the study of Valeria Melissano, was punctuated by vici (lands), villae rusticae (farms), pagus (village) which, if well connected in some way with each other could indicate a municipium settlement. Cover sarcofago.Età Roman Empire Contrada Petrore-Castelli
  15. 15. SIGNS OF HISTORY IN ROMAN CUTROFIANO From the eleventh century BC, people coming from ILLIRIA (now Albania), reached Salento: They were the Iapigi. Iapigi divided the place into Daunia (Foggia), Peugetia (Bari), Messapia (Lecce). They left hundreds of inscriptions in a language that will resist until the Roman conquest with the introduction of Latin. Almost contemporary to Messapi’s migration there was one from Crete which in the sixth century BC founded colonies. To the south-east of Lecce exists an area of Greek descents consisting of nine countries in which a dialect still survives: the griko.
  16. 16. Memorial stone Roman Empire The signing of Roman rule in our country is the road texture. For the Romans the way is the support for device control for rapid movement of goods and armies.
  17. 17. In Roman times, the need for post stations to change horses, encouraged the emergence of the towns where there was a road. The Romans during the third century BC had conquered Apulia. Under Augustus it became the Royal Secunda. Sarcophagus lid Imperial Even the Latin language eventually conquered the Messapi. The Romanization is a phenomenon found in letters, arts, civil and military systems. One of the most interesting was the romanization of toponymy names ending in ANO. It is thought that some nobles from Lazio had been allocated lands in rural areas, for example Squinzano was the land of the Quinti, and so Arnesano of the Arnisis family, and certainly Carmiano of the Carmini’s family and Cutrofiano of the Octufri’s family.
  18. 18. Fragments of pottery. Age of Bronze Final Contrada Badia Cup monounsata Cup miniature Period Messapico Contrada Jucuraro (Sogliano Cavour)
  19. 19. Missing the Western Roman Empire the current Salento remained under the Byzantine Empire St. John Byzantine crypt Inside the crypt V. MELISSANO, Archaeological research in the territory of Cutrofiano-Galatina 1990
  20. 20. Kilix. Age Messapica (3rd - 4th century. A.C Contrada Jacurao (Sogliano Cavour). Lexan. Age Messapica. Contrada Jacurao (Sogliano Cavour)
  21. 21. Memorial stone. Roman Imperial Age Contrada Petrore-Castelli Coperchio Sarcofago. Età Romana Imperiale. Contrada Petrore.Castelli Sarcofago. Età Romana Imperiale. Contrada Petrore-Castelli
  22. 22. The ancient walls... These were probably the walls which surrounded Cutrofiano……
  23. 23. Inside the walls…..there were the most important buildings becouse the old town was the heart of social, political and religious affairs.
  24. 24. Buildings inside the walls
  25. 25. The city walls just outside the walls were held the workshops .... The museum collects testimonies of links between Cutrofiano and ceramics
  26. 26. Cutrofiano Greek and Byzantine From the fifth century AD, after the fall of the Roman empire, Salento became a battleground. In the ninth century it was reconquered by Byzantium. The Byzantines reached Cutrofiano from Calabria; In the cave of St. John in Cutrofiano there is a Byzantine fresco. Our Magna Grecia is not Greek but Byzantine because we came, not only from Greece but from the Middle East (Albanians, Armenians, Palestinians, Syrians, Lebanese). These people brought with them their saints, their rites their language. One of this community settled in Cutrofiano. The monks began to frequent the site of St. John named Grottella which was the ancient place of worship. Around the eighth-ninth century that is contemporary rock settlement to a smaller one located around the present Piazza Cavallotti. Attuale P.zza F. Cavallotti
  27. 27. GRIKO in SALENTO: AN ISLAND OF GREECE . When does Griko form in Salento? There are two theories: The first refers to the unbroken historical continuity between the Griko speakers and people of Salento. The second one backs the 'greek’ settlement in Byzantine times. Currently, the presence of griko in Salento is reduced to only nine centers (Calimera, Martignano, Corigliano, Starnatia, Soleto, Zollino, Castrignano, Martano and Melpignano), whereas in past centuries this was a largest area. The gradual decrease of "Griko" comes from the following reasons: 1. Religious: the abolition of the Orthodox rite 2. Political unification of Italy. 3. Economic and social migration, social development, the standardization of language and information.
  28. 28. It 's so that Antonio Costantini defines our architecture: “Trulli ,pajare, dry walls and mirrors that have marked our history 1700-1800 - During this period the development of trulli have the greatest development. The owner builds admirably temporary shelters, having circular or square pyramidal or conical shape, surrounds them of olive trees and figs, legumes and so on.
  29. 29. SIGNS OF OUR HISTORY
  30. 30. Signs that fortunately survived in our country and representing our history. Not that, because we are on this land, these places are ours, are our only if we know them, love them, we protect and defend them
  31. 31. One of the finest traditions of our country was the custom of lighting huge stacks of wood, called "focare" generally consisting of bundles of vines. It happens along the streets on the evening of February 17th of each year ..
  32. 32. THE FOCARE • This tradition has been handed down among the inhabitants of Cutrofiano for more than two centuries, and it occurs to thank Santantonio who had escaped the danger of earthquake. Until a few years ago, at the end of the evening, when the flames were extinguished, every family, generally using lu scarfalettu (warming pan) collect a certain amount of embers and brought them home. It was considered as a sacred fire with which they roast a bit bread, snails, potatoes, or cooked dried vegetables, especially peas and beans. Sometimes the fire was inserted into a circular wooden bench, around which sat the whole family, eating and telling tales and stories.
  33. 33. THE CUREMMA After the period of carnival, the women hang on the terraces of the houses the Curemma, an old and thin puppet dressed in black ,full of symbolic elements. In one hand holding a stick, on the other a spindle with seven feathers representing the seven weeks of Lent, a period of fasting, abstinence from meat and from foods of animal origin (milk , eggs, cheese).
  34. 34. There is the tradition of singing Santu Lazzaru the nights of Thursday, Friday and Saturday before The Palm. It is not specifically tied to Lent, but in some ways it was a rite of agriculture. Indeed, in past times men with accordions and drums were in the countryside and the farms singing a lullaby to wish prosperity and good vintage. Another hypothesis on the origin of this song is that these verses were sung by storytellers.

×