All About Carbon
The Composition of Carbon <ul><li>Atomic Number : 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Protons:6 </li></ul><ul><li>Neutrons : 5,6...
Carbon Facts <ul><li>Carbon is the 6 th  most abundant element in the Atmosphere & 4 th  most in the universe, yet only ma...
Carbon Facts Continued <ul><li>Hydrocarbons : Coal, Petroleum, and Natural Gas (fossil fuels) </li></ul><ul><li>Organic ch...
Carbon Facts Continued <ul><li>In 1961 the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) announced the use of ...
The Specifics <ul><li>Melting Point: 3500.0 °C/3773.15 °K </li></ul><ul><li>Boiling Point: 4827.0 °C/5100.15 °K </li></ul>...
Uses of Carbon <ul><li>Just a few uses for carbon include: </li></ul><ul><li>- Carbon can be added to iron to make    stee...
How does the cycle of Carbon affect us? … check out the website to find out!
Pictures Cited <ul><li>http://serc.carleton.edu/images/usingdata/nasaimages/carbon_atom.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.u...
Works Cited <ul><li>&quot;| Carbon | Essential information.&quot;  WebElements Periodic Table of the Elements . 20 Jan. 20...
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All About Carbon

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All About Carbon

  1. 1. All About Carbon
  2. 2. The Composition of Carbon <ul><li>Atomic Number : 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Protons:6 </li></ul><ul><li>Neutrons : 5,6,7,8 (with 5,7,&8 being isotopes) </li></ul><ul><li>Electrons : 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Block in the Periodic Table: P </li></ul><ul><li>Group Number: 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Period Number: 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Classification: Non-metal </li></ul>
  3. 3. Carbon Facts <ul><li>Carbon is the 6 th most abundant element in the Atmosphere & 4 th most in the universe, yet only makes up 0.032% of the Earth’s crust. </li></ul><ul><li>It is one of the most well-known elements and has been studied since ancient times. </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon is often found in coal deposits but processed for commercial use (i.e. graphite; which can be found naturally but is often formed by petroleum coke in an oxygen free oven). </li></ul><ul><li>Diamonds are the 3 rd most common natural occurrence of Carbon, yet one of the hardest materials known to man. </li></ul>Look at all that carbon!
  4. 4. Carbon Facts Continued <ul><li>Hydrocarbons : Coal, Petroleum, and Natural Gas (fossil fuels) </li></ul><ul><li>Organic chemistry is based on carbon. </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon is made inside stars yet we cannot prove it was formed at all during the Big Bang. </li></ul><ul><li>The name Carbon comes from the Latin term Carbo for charcoal </li></ul><ul><li>Pure Carbon is classified as non-toxic </li></ul>
  5. 5. Carbon Facts Continued <ul><li>In 1961 the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) announced the use of 12 C as the basis for atomic weight. </li></ul><ul><li>Isotope 14 C is radioactive and has a half-life of 5730 years. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Specifics <ul><li>Melting Point: 3500.0 °C/3773.15 °K </li></ul><ul><li>Boiling Point: 4827.0 °C/5100.15 °K </li></ul><ul><li>Density at 293 ° K: 2.62 g/cm3 </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic Mass: 12.0107 amu (atomic mass units) </li></ul><ul><li>Crystal Structure: Hexagonal </li></ul><ul><li>Color: fairly close to black </li></ul>Information from: http://www.facts-about.org.uk/science-element-carbon.htm
  7. 7. Uses of Carbon <ul><li>Just a few uses for carbon include: </li></ul><ul><li>- Carbon can be added to iron to make steel </li></ul><ul><li>- Powdered Graphite Carbon can be used as charcoal in cooking & artwork </li></ul><ul><li>- Charcoal pills can be used to absorb toxins in the digestive system </li></ul><ul><li>- Bone black carbon can be used to decolorize raw sugar </li></ul>
  8. 8. How does the cycle of Carbon affect us? … check out the website to find out!
  9. 9. Pictures Cited <ul><li>http://serc.carleton.edu/images/usingdata/nasaimages/carbon_atom.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/EHSRM/RAD/Figure_1.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mineralminers.com/images/diamond/mins/diam121.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.theodoregray.com/PeriodicTable/Elements/Source-jensan/index.s7.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://school.discoveryeducation.com/clipart/images/pencil.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.actcharcoal.com/page/natural/product/4%5B1%5D.100CharcoalPills.jpg </li></ul>
  10. 10. Works Cited <ul><li>&quot;| Carbon | Essential information.&quot; WebElements Periodic Table of the Elements . 20 Jan. 2009 <http://www.webelements.com/carbon/>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Carbon.&quot; New York University . 20 Jan. 2009 <http://www.nyu.edu/pages/mathmol/modules/carbon/carbon1.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>The Element Carbon . Jefferson Lab. 20 Jan. 2009 <http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele006.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Facts about Carbon.&quot; Facts About Everything! Arts, Literature, Science, History, Events, Entertainment, People, Places and the Natural World . 20 Jan. 2009 <http://www.facts-about.org.uk/science-element-carbon.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;10 Carbon Facts.&quot; Chemistry - Periodic Table, Chemistry Projects, and Chemistry Homework Help . 20 Jan. 2009 <http://chemistry.about.com/od/elementfacts/a/carbonfacts.htm>. </li></ul>

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