Ch.28 S.2 Eastern Europe Cristopher Monteza


Published on

Published in: News & Politics
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ch.28 S.2 Eastern Europe Cristopher Monteza

  1. 1. Eastern Europe Chapter 28 Section 2 Cristopher Monteza Period 2 March 24,2009
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Ethnic Cleansing- A policy of killing or forcibly removing an ethnic group from its lands. </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomous- Self-governing. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Maps
  4. 4. Famous People <ul><li>Lech Walesa- A worker that organized a national trade union known as Solidarity. </li></ul><ul><li>Vá clav Havel- A writer who had played an important role in bringing down the communist government of Czechoslovakia. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Famous People <ul><li>Slobodan Miloševi ć- He became leader of the Yugoslav republic of Serbia in 1987. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Revolutions in Eastern Europe <ul><li>After Gorbachev said that the Soviet Union wouldn’t intervene militarily in their states,revolutions started appearing throughout Eastern Europe. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Poland <ul><li>Workers’ protests asked for changes in Poland. </li></ul><ul><li>A national trade union known as Solidarity was created by Lech Walesa and gained the support of workers and of the Roman Catholic Church. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Poland <ul><li>In 1988, a new government was elected, ending 45 years of Communist rule in Poland. </li></ul><ul><li>When Walesa was president, free-market reforms led to unemployment. </li></ul><ul><li>After Walesa, a new president continued Poland’s move toward an increasingly free market economy. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Czechoslovakia <ul><li>After Soviet troops crushed the reform movement in Czechoslovakia in 1968, Communists used massive repression to maintain their power. </li></ul><ul><li>In December 1989, the government collapsed thanks to mass demonstrations. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Czechoslovakia <ul><li>Two national groups, Czechs and Slovaks, agreed to a peaceful division of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1993, Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Romania <ul><li>In 1965, the Communist leader Nicolae Ceauş escu and his wife set up a dictatorship in Romania. </li></ul><ul><li>He used secret police to solve all problems. </li></ul><ul><li>His economic policies led to food shortages and the rationing of bread, flour, and sugar. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Romania <ul><li>He had a plan to build more cities, which called for the bulldozing of entire villages. </li></ul><ul><li>Later on, the army refused to help the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Ceausescu and his wife were captured on December 22 and executed on Christmas Day. </li></ul>
  13. 13. German Reunification <ul><li>In 1971, Erich Honecker became head of the Communist party in East Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1989, however, popular unrest led many East Germans to flee their country. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass demonstrations broke out in 1989. </li></ul>
  14. 14. German Reunification <ul><li>The communist government opened its entire border with the West on November 9. </li></ul><ul><li>The Christian Democrats supported political union with West Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>The reunification of East and West took place on October 3, 1990. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Disintegration of Yugoslovia <ul><li>Although Yugoslavia had a Communist government, it had never been a Soviet satellite state. </li></ul><ul><li>Its dictorial leader, Josip Broz Tito, worked to keep the six republics and two provinces that made up Yugoslavia together. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Disintegration of Yugoslavia <ul><li>After Tito died in 1980, the federal government kept Yugoslavia under Communist rule. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1990, Yugoslavia was caught up in the reform movements moving thorugh Europe and the authority of the Communist Party had collapsed. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Calls for Independence <ul><li>In 1990, the Yugoslav republics of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Macedonia wanted to have independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Slobodan Milosevic, leader of the Yugoslav republic, rejected these efforts. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Calls for Independence <ul><li>In June 1991, Slovenia and Croatia declared their independence. </li></ul><ul><li>In September 1991, Yugoslavia attacked Croatia.Yugoslavia was later assaulted by Serbia and Serbian minorities. </li></ul><ul><li>Serbian forces had controlled one-third of Croatia’s territory. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The War in Bosnia <ul><li>In 1993, Serbian forces had fought Bosnia-Herzegovina and had obtained 70 percent of Bosnian territory. </li></ul><ul><li>The Serbs followed a policy known as ethnic cleansing and they killed about 250,000 Bosnians by 1995. </li></ul>
  20. 20. The War in Bosnia <ul><li>In 1995, Bosnian and Croatian forces reganied their territory that they lost to the Serbian forces. </li></ul><ul><li>This forced the Serbs to sign a treaty that would split Bosnia into a Serb republic and a Muslim-Croat federation. </li></ul>
  21. 21. The War in Kosovo <ul><li>Of course, the peace did not happen very long. A new war happened in Kosova. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1974, the communist leader, Tito, had made Kosova a self-governing province within Yugoslovia. </li></ul>
  22. 22. The War in Kosovo <ul><li>In 1989, Milosevic stripped Kosova of its autonomy. Despite the ruling, they regained their autonomy in Serbia in 1999. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Mix and Match <ul><li>He became the new president of Czechoslovakia in December 1989. </li></ul><ul><li>A policy of killing or forcibly removing an ethnic group from its land. </li></ul><ul><li>He organized a national trade union known as Solidarity. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-governing </li></ul><ul><li>The leader of the Yugoslav republic of Serbia in 1987. </li></ul><ul><li>A.Autonomous </li></ul><ul><li>B.Slobodan Milosevic </li></ul><ul><li>C.Ethnic Cleansing </li></ul><ul><li>D.Lech Walesa </li></ul><ul><li>E.Vaclav Havel </li></ul>
  24. 24. Multiple Choice
  25. 25. Multiple Choice