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Darfur Holocaust


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Darfur Holocaust

  1. 1. The World Kept Quiet Silence the Genocide Darfur Holocaust
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ Genocide is underway in Darfur Sudan. Already, 50,000 African Muslims have been killed and 1.2 million displaced by the Sudanese Government and by Arab Janjaweed militias armed and encouraged by Khartoum. The Bush Administration itself warned of the magnitude of the crisis, if no action is taken. We cannot, in good conscience, stand by and let this genocide continue.” </li></ul><ul><li>Barack Obama (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>The United Nations are fighting to make a world in which tyranny and aggression cannot exist; a world based upon freedom, equality, and justice; a world in which all persons regardless of race, color, or creed may live in peace, honor, and dignity. In the meantime in most of Europe and in parts of Asia the systematic torture and murder of civilians by the Nazis and the Japanese continue unabated. In areas subjugated by the aggressors, these innocent people are being starved or frozen to death or murdered in cold blood in a campaign of savagery. </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin D Roosevelt (March 24, 1944) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Genocide the deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group
  4. 4. Purpose of this Presentation Look at common threads among genocidal actions to prevent in the future See what, if anything the world has learned from the Holocaust
  5. 5. <ul><li>Darfur </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Sudanese Civil War 1955 -1972 </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Sudanese Civil war 1983 -2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Darfur 2003 - present </li></ul>Holocaust November 1938 - May 1945 Analyzing the Years… What do you think are the differences?
  6. 7. What were the similarities? What were the differences? Could you tell the two time periods apart?
  7. 9. Why? What about these victim groups caused anger within their perpetrators? How did the hatred of Jews differ from Sudanese civilians?
  8. 10. Causes <ul><li>Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>These three fallacies are the most likely culprits: </li></ul><ul><li>Scapegoat - Jews were easy to single out and blame. </li></ul><ul><li>Outsiders - Jews were different. </li></ul><ul><li>Racial Theory - Jews were inferior to the ideal Aryan race </li></ul><ul><li>Darfur </li></ul><ul><li>1984-1985 drought shrunk grazing resources, causing conflicts with agriculturalists. </li></ul><ul><li>Like the South, Darfur suffered from underdevelopment in both colonial and postcolonial eras. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sudanese government is trying to remain in power and the country under control.While ethnicity remains a key issue because both rebel and janjaweed are Muslim </li></ul>
  9. 12. In both cases, the ruling group/extremists needed the help of who to carry out their genocide? What differences existed in the manner these genocides were carried out?
  10. 13. Methods <ul><li>Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi soldiers, officers, civilians </li></ul><ul><li>Shooting squads </li></ul><ul><li>Lethal injection, poisonous gas, mobile killing units, extermination camps, cremation, forced labor, starvation, exposure, brutality, disease, execution </li></ul><ul><li>Darfur </li></ul><ul><li>Janjaweed Militias </li></ul><ul><li>Government sponsored terror </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of towns, food and water </li></ul><ul><li>supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Millions threatened by </li></ul><ul><li>starvation, rape murder </li></ul><ul><li>Firearms, machetes, and a variety of </li></ul><ul><li>garden implements </li></ul>
  11. 15. Affected Population <ul><li>Darfur </li></ul><ul><li>Refugees </li></ul><ul><li>157,220 (Eritrea) </li></ul><ul><li>25,023 (Chad) </li></ul><ul><li>11,009 (Ethiopia) </li></ul><ul><li>7,895 (Uganda) </li></ul><ul><li>5,023 (Central African Republic) </li></ul><ul><li>Internally Displaced Persons 5,300,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian Deaths - 400,000 </li></ul><ul><li>= 5,906,170 and counting </li></ul><ul><li>Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>Jews - 5,900,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet POWs - 2,500,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic Poles - 1,900,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Roma - 360,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Disabled - 225,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Freemasons - 140,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Homosexuals - 15,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Jehovah's Witnesses - 5,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Displaced Persons </li></ul><ul><li>9,500,000 </li></ul><ul><li>= 11,045,000 killed </li></ul><ul><li>20,545,000 </li></ul>
  12. 16. Remember, behind each number is a real person with a real family and real hopes and dreams
  13. 17. Are apologies enough for the failure to act on behalf of these victims? Is there anything that the world could say or do to make it right?
  14. 18. “ Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” Martin Luther King Jr.
  15. 19. The World Kept Quiet