POLS 7050 Public Administration Kitty Wong  Sin Ting (09422196) and Alik Lee Lik Hang (09409424)  Ways to Optimize our Env...
Background <ul><li>Indiscriminate use of plastic shopping bags as a major and visible environmental problem </li></ul><ul>...
About the   Scheme <ul><li>change the public’s habit </li></ul>Objective <ul><li>   use of plastic shopping bags </li></u...
As planned, the levy scheme will undergo another phase, so, what should be implemented?
Current Issue <ul><ul><ul><li>use of substitute increases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>consumers take even more pla...
Recommendation Reasons: <ul><li>suggest supermarkets not to  </li></ul><ul><li>place their  “ flat bag for fruit ”  openly...
Positive outcome from Ireland
Difficulties <ul><li>Retailer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>difficulty on applying the levy scheme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>insu...
Cost-and-benefit Evaluation <ul><li>subsidize affected industry  </li></ul><ul><li>bare-in-mind the principle of the levy ...
Conclusion <ul><li>levy Scheme for Plastic Bag is recommended to apply to all retailers / stores </li></ul><ul><li>in shor...
Conclusion <ul><li>for long term, a positive outcome is likely to be happen, not only on the matter of misuse of plastic b...
References: Assessment of Benefits and Effects of the Plastic Shopping Bag Charging Scheme by GHK (Hong Kong) Ltd. http://...
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Ways To Optimize Our Environmental Levy Scheme

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Ways To Optimize Our Environmental Levy Scheme

  1. 1. POLS 7050 Public Administration Kitty Wong Sin Ting (09422196) and Alik Lee Lik Hang (09409424) Ways to Optimize our Environmental Levy Scheme on Plastic Shopping Bags
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Indiscriminate use of plastic shopping bags as a major and visible environmental problem </li></ul><ul><li>> 8 billion plastic bags are disposed to our landfill yearly </li></ul><ul><li>in order words, everyone of us uses three plastic bags in every single day </li></ul>
  3. 3. About the Scheme <ul><li>change the public’s habit </li></ul>Objective <ul><li> use of plastic shopping bags </li></ul><ul><li>encourage more environmentally responsible behaviour through “direct polluter pays” </li></ul><ul><li>improve the public’s environmental consciousness </li></ul>
  4. 4. As planned, the levy scheme will undergo another phase, so, what should be implemented?
  5. 5. Current Issue <ul><ul><ul><li>use of substitute increases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>consumers take even more plastic bags from those unregistered retailers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>consumers are trying to avoid such levy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Recommendation Reasons: <ul><li>suggest supermarkets not to </li></ul><ul><li>place their “ flat bag for fruit ” openly </li></ul><ul><li>eliminate the issue of unfair competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>change the habit of purchasing </li></ul><ul><li>strengthen understand the concept of </li></ul><ul><li>“ polluter pays ” </li></ul>comprehensive levy scheme for plastic bags should be introduced
  7. 7. Positive outcome from Ireland
  8. 8. Difficulties <ul><li>Retailer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>difficulty on applying the levy scheme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>insufficient manpower to administrate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plastic bag manufacturer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>strike on their industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unemployment issue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cost on staff employment, law enforcement, researches, and administrative cost </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lack of convenience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>affect the grass-root of the society </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Cost-and-benefit Evaluation <ul><li>subsidize affected industry </li></ul><ul><li>bare-in-mind the principle of the levy scheme : </li></ul>environmental consciousness of public
  10. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>levy Scheme for Plastic Bag is recommended to apply to all retailers / stores </li></ul><ul><li>in short term, several challenges would be arose, like problem of market shifting, administrative cost of retailers as well as government </li></ul>
  11. 11. Conclusion <ul><li>for long term, a positive outcome is likely to be happen, not only on the matter of misuse of plastic bags, but also the other similar products </li></ul><ul><li>introducing the levy scheme, not only for our own, but also for our next generation; not only for Hong Kong, but also for the whole ecosystem </li></ul>
  12. 12. References: Assessment of Benefits and Effects of the Plastic Shopping Bag Charging Scheme by GHK (Hong Kong) Ltd. http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/files/GHK_study.pdf Environmental Levy Scheme on Plastic Shopping Bags by Environmental Protection Department http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/psb/en/index.html Plastic shopping bag levy yields positive results by Environmental Protection Department http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/200911/02/P200911020245.htm Plastic Bag : Friend or Foe? http://www.plasticbageconomics.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26&Itemid=40 Plastic Bags by Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government http://www.environ.ie/en/Environment/Waste/PlasticBags/
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