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Senior Graduation Project


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Published in: Health & Medicine, Sports

Senior Graduation Project

  1. 1. Coaching Youth Sports<br />Liz DiValerio<br />
  2. 2. Thesis<br /> To be successful in coaching youth sports, one must serve many different roles, be able to gainthe confidence of their athletes, and make proper<br />decisions in difficult situations.<br />Coaches also have the power to make <br />sport experiences enjoyable<br />for young athletes.<br />
  3. 3. Personal Relevance<br />This topic is important to me because I have had many great coaches that made my athletic experiences fantastic. They improved my skills and court manner and shaped me into the player and <br />person I<br /> am today.<br />
  4. 4. Audience Relevance<br />Many people have had team experiences and have had a sports coach. <br />Make people aware of how a good coach can make a team experience enjoyable and the opposite.<br />
  5. 5. Presentation Outline<br />Importance of coaching<br />Skills Required<br />Bad Coaching Habits<br />Communication <br />Dealing with parents<br />
  6. 6. "Coaches are crucial for sport at all levels - on the school pitch, in the local club or for a major international team. They are the people who motivate, encourage and inspire." <br />Richard Caborn MP, UK Minister for Sport<br />“Millions of young people participate in organized sports during a period of their lives that is critical to their personal development.”<br /> -Campbell, Ewing, Seefeldt, & Brown<br />
  7. 7. “Coaching presents a tremendous challenge because it demands a life of service to youth, in particular, and society in general. Parents of young athletes believe sports are good for their children because the activity builds character, and develops socially desirable characteristics such as achievement, motivation, cooperativeness and sportsmanship.”<br /> -James M Toner<br />
  8. 8. “Team sports have the potential to furnish the most enjoyable memories of youth.”<br /> -(Peter Ogle)<br />
  9. 9. “Coaches at the youth level have been found to assume at least 13 different roles: instructor, teacher, trainer, motivator, disciplinarian, substitute parent, social worker, friend, scientist, student, manager, administrator, and publicity fundraiser” <br />-(Gummerson)<br />
  10. 10. Coaching Credentials<br />
  11. 11. “Although coaches are expected to have an extensive knowledge base, in reality the majority of youth sport coaches are volunteers with little or no formal training.”<br /> - (DeKnop, Engstrom, Skirstad, &amp; Weiss, 1996; Smith & Smoll, 1997)<br />
  12. 12. What Makes a Coach Successful?<br />Discipline <br />Patience<br />Be Fair<br />Lead By Example<br />Have a Thick Skin<br />Commitment<br />Keep Everyone Involved<br />Make Practice Plans<br />
  13. 13. P a tience<br />
  14. 14. Discipline<br />
  15. 15. Physical Fines<br />Only some coaches find this method effective<br />Some find it questionable<br />Having another coach as the disciplinarian<br />(Thompson, 1995) <br />(Martin, Jackson, Richardson, & Weiller, 1999) <br />
  16. 16. Be Fair<br />
  17. 17. “A good coach has the ability to tell you the straight truth or facts without making you feel bad."<br />
  18. 18. Commitment<br />
  19. 19. Example<br />Lead By<br />
  20. 20. Keep Everyone Involved<br />
  21. 21. Have<br />A Thick Skin<br />
  22. 22. Have a Practice Plan<br />
  23. 23. How To Plan Practice<br />Experiment<br />Divide into blocks of time<br />Feedback<br />
  24. 24. “A successful coach is one who gains the confidence of his athletes, which can only be achieved through training.”<br /> -Toner, James M. "The Design of a Volunteer Coaches Training Program." <br />Practice and Training<br />
  25. 25. Bad Coaching Habits<br />Laziness<br />Lack of Knowledge<br />Not being Organized<br />Negativity <br />Being late<br />Overreacting<br />Not Consistent<br />
  26. 26. Overreacting<br />
  27. 27. Lack of Knowledge<br />
  28. 28. Negativity<br />
  29. 29. “Coaches also have to make everyone understand that playing time is a decision made by the coaching staff and only the coaching staff.”<br />-Brubaker, Ken. "Coaching & Teaching Our Athletes." <br />
  30. 30. Team Building<br />“A team's environment or atmosphere can also play a role in determining whether or not children enjoy their sport experience.”<br /> -(Carr)<br />
  31. 31. “Many people are unaware that improper team activities can result in the development of cliques and the alienation of individuals for various reasons.”<br /> -(Bloom 2008)<br />
  32. 32. Goals Of Team Building<br />
  33. 33. Benefits of Team Building<br />
  34. 34. Team Building Activities<br />
  35. 35. Coaching Styles<br />Autocratic <br />Democratic<br />
  36. 36. Democratic (Sharing)<br />Coach outlines the training requirements to the athletes<br />Coach invites ideas/suggestions from the athletes<br />Coach makes the decision based on the athletes' suggestions<br />Coach still defines what to do and how to do it<br />
  37. 37. Democratic (allowing)<br />Coach outlines the training requirements to the athletes<br />Coach defines the training conditions<br />Athletes brainstorm to explore possible solutions<br />Athletes make the decision<br />Athletes define what to do and how to do it<br />
  38. 38. Autocratic<br />Coach defines what to do and how to do it<br />Coach decides what is to be done<br />Coach explains what is required<br />
  39. 39. How Players Learn<br />
  40. 40. “Even within a single team, young athletes often exhibit wide variations in skill level, emotional maturity, and physical development.”<br /> (Bernard, Trudel, Marcotte, & Boileau, 1993)<br />
  41. 41. Communication<br />Communicate through more than one medium<br />Verbal<br />Graphic<br />Physical Demonstration<br />
  42. 42.
  43. 43. Collaborative <br />Communication<br />
  44. 44. Parents Gone Wild<br />
  45. 45. Dealing with Parents<br />Disagreement <br />Cool down period<br />Contract<br />
  46. 46. Parent Involvement<br />“Youth sports would cease to exist, if not for the significant contributions of parents who serve as coaches, officials, and league administrators.”<br /> -Gregg S. Heinzmann, director, Youth Sports Research Council, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. <br />
  47. 47. Helping Parents<br />Understand<br />
  48. 48. Application<br />
  49. 49. Conclusion<br />
  50. 50. Works Cited<br /> "Parental Rage" in Children's Sports (Special Report)." Encyclopedia.World News Digest. Facts On File News Services, July 2000. Web. 27 Apr. 2010.<br />Gilbert, Wade D; Gilbert, Jenelle N; Trudel, Pierre. "Coaching strategies for youth sports: Part 2: Personal characteristics, parental influence, and team organization." Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 5(2001):41. eLibrary. Web. 04 Mar. 2010<br />Table from:<br /><br />de Souza, Adriano; Oslin, Judy. "A PLAYER-CENTERED APPROACH TO COACHING." Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 6(2008):24. eLibrary. Web. 10 May. 2010.<br />Brubaker, Ken. "Coaching & Teaching Our Athletes." Coach and Athletic Director. 01 Oct. 2007: 30. eLibrary. Web. 05 Apr. 2010.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  51. 51.<br />Brubaker, Ken. "Coaching & Teaching Our Athletes." Coach and Athletic Director. 01 Oct. 2007: 30. eLibrary. Web. 10 May. 2010.<br />Toner, James M. "The Design of a Volunteer Coaches Training Program." Parks & Recreation. 01 Aug. 2004: 48. eLibrary. Web. 10 May. 2010.<br />Gilbert, Wade D; Gilbert, Jenelle N; Trudel, Pierre. "Coaching strategies for youth sports, part 1: Athletic behavior and athletic performance." Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 4(2001):29. eLibrary. Web. 10 May. 2010.<br /><br />Ronald E. Smith, Frank L. Smoll. “Coaching the Coaches: Youth Sports as a Scientific and Applied Behavioral Setting” Current Directions in Psychological Science.<br />Alexander S. Frazier “Teaching-Coaching” English Journal, Vol. 75, NO. 1 (Jan., 1986)<br /> pp 69-70<br />
  52. 52. Ruth Wageman “How Leaders Foster Self-Managing Team Effectiveness: Design Choices versus Coaching” Organization Science, Vol. 12, No. 5 2001<br />Jenson, Julie “Fundamental Volleyball” Leaner Publications Company 1995<br />Ditchfield, Christin “A True Book: Volleyball” Children’s Press, 2003<br />Giddens, Sandra and Owen “Volleyball; Rules, Tips, Strategy, and Safety.” The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc 2005<br />"Volleyball Drills." Youth Coaching Information. Y‐Coach, 2009. Web. 3 Dec.2009. <http://www.y‐><br />Davis, Kimberly. "Sports and your child: What every parent should know." Ebony. 01 Jun. 2000: 86. eLibrary. Web. 17 May. 2010.<br />Barth, Kristen; Heinzmann, Gregg S; Casey-Doecke, Johannah; Kahan, David; Et al. "Is parental involvement a liability in youth sports?." Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 3(2003):16. eLibrary. Web. 17 May. 2010.<br />