dgcha07

372 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Career
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
372
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • dgcha07

    1. 1. Business Ethics 6 th Edition The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    2. 2. Chapter Seven <ul><li>The Workplace (2): </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s Challenges </li></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    3. 3. Eastern Airlines <ul><li>Baggage Handlers using Drugs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two rows of guards – “like terrorists” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative test result </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasion of privacy, defamation and intentional infliction of emotional distress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illegal searches and seizures by government (and by employers) </li></ul></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    4. 4. ORGANIZATIONAL INFLUENCE ON PRIVATE LIVES <ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal info about employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passing on damaging information to prospective employers – screening? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romance with co-workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romance with a competitor </li></ul></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    5. 5. The Importance of Privacy <ul><li>Three Dimensions to Privacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control personal information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep certain thoughts, feelings, and behavior private </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make personal decisions autonomously </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Privacy vs legitimacy of infringement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Company bears the burden of establishing the legitimacy of that infringement </li></ul></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    6. 6. Legitimate and Illegitimate Influence <ul><li>On work performance </li></ul><ul><li>The Area of Dress and Grooming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A roofing company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gap, Polo Ralph Lauren </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personal Choice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A lobby attendant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Swimsuit promotion </li></ul></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    7. 7. Interferences <ul><li>Involvement in Civic Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Donate to charitable causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local school board, civil service organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But, employee resentment and burnout </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wellness Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To slim down, nutrition, exercise, stress mgmt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay more for health care benefit if overweight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fired for smoking and drinking at home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Privacy Tax” </li></ul></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    8. 8. OBTAINING INFORMATION <ul><li>Obtaining Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilfering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential trouble makers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Informed Consent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deliberation – availability and full understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Choice – voluntarily consent </li></ul></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    9. 9. Polygraph Tests <ul><li>“ Lie Detection” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart rate, blood pressure, respiration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast and economic, allowed, efficient </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assumptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lying <- disturbing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accurate <- not 100 % </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>False positive – falsely indentify as liars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infringe privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clearly and significantly related to the job </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only way to get information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>why, how, what, who, and how to dispose of </li></ul></ul></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    10. 10. Personality Tests <ul><li>Myers-Briggs Type Indicator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly personal but less than fully voluntary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully measured? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforce Conformity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invade privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does driving give you a sense of power? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Questions you wouldn’t even answer for your own mother, if she asked you </li></ul></ul></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    11. 11. The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven Big Five Personality Characteristics
    12. 12. Monitoring Employees on the Job <ul><li>Voice mail, email, & phone calls, computer files, videotape employees often without their knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>RFID chips in the arms </li></ul><ul><li>But not the executives </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring devices – mirrors, cameras, and electronic recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Notification and consent necessary </li></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    13. 13. Drug Testing <ul><li>67% of large corporations tests for illegal substances </li></ul><ul><li>Remarks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Misleading and hysterical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pertinent to performances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist than punish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Careful to respect the dignity and rights of the persons to be tested </li></ul></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    14. 14. WORKING CONDITIONS <ul><li>Health and Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>32 deaths everyday in US </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.4 million are disabled </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A moral and legal right to refuse work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Imminent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beryllium </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workplace accidents </li></ul></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    15. 15. Day Care and Maternity Leave <ul><li>60% of married women with children under the age of 6 were in the paid labor force </li></ul><ul><li>On-site daycare, off-site centers, assistance with child-care costs, temporary child-care centers </li></ul><ul><li>Moral Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A right for equal terrain with men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human right </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male-female division of labor within a family </li></ul></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    16. 16. REDESIGNING WORK <ul><li>Dissatisfaction on the job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preoccupation with quantity; the rigidity of rules and regulations, and the division of labor up to the smallest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bigness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Powerlessness, meaninglessness, isolation, and self-estrangement, and depersonalization </li></ul></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven
    17. 17. Improving Work Life <ul><li>To be proud of the work </li></ul><ul><li>Involve before deciding, discuss before implementing, and share before announcing </li></ul><ul><li>Participation, job security for improving worker life </li></ul>The Organization and the People In It -- Chapter Seven

    ×