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This presentation is on three impressionist artists, Vincent van Gogh, Claude Monet, and Berthe Morisot.

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  1. 1. + Impressionist Artists By: Stacy Pearson
  2. 2. +  Vincent van Gogh Menu  Biography  Artwork  Reflection  Claude Monet  Biography  Artwork  Reflection  Berthe Morisot  Biography  Artwork  Reflection  Conclusion
  3. 3. + Vincent van Gogh: Biography Vincent van Gogh was born March 30, 1853 in The Next Slide: Netherlands. He was a Dutch Post-Impressionist with Biography great influence in 20th century art. His first experience Continued with art was as an art dealer for his uncle’s gallery. Vincent’s obsession with evangelical Christianity made him want to become a clergyman like his father, so he tried to enroll in a theology school but was denied. He then preached and lived in Belgium for a year but his appointment was terminated after a year. Finally, Vincent decided to become an artist. He returned to Hague to take painting classes and in no time at all developed his own style. Van Gogh's fascination with the poor and working class were the subject of his early works. After his father’s death he moved to Belgium and was able to find models, supplies, and ideas for his work. He later moved in with his brother in Montmartre, France, where he discovered the works of Monet and other French Impressionists. In Paris, his style developed even more and he began to experiment with pointillism. (Continued on next slide…)
  4. 4. + Van Gogh Biography continued… Vincent became ill with a type of epilepsy that turned into a series of psychotic attacks. Shortly after, he was institutionalized after having cut off part of his left ear. While in the institution, van Gogh continued painting and produced one of his most famous works, Starry Night. Vincent never fully recovered, and even tried to commit suicide by swallowing paint. After feeling like a failure, van Gogh shot himself in the chest and died on July 29, 1890 at the age of 37. "As a suffering creature, I cannot do without something greater than I -- something that is my life -- the power to create."
Vincent Van Gogh
  5. 5. + Vincent van Gogh: Famous Artwork The Potato Eaters, 1885 Sunflowers, 1888 The Church at Auvers, 1890 Starry Night, 1889
  6. 6. + Vincent van Gogh: Reflection This summer I am working as a camp counselor for an art camp. The campers spend three hours every morning working on artwork and learning about a new artist every day. The first two artists I chose, van Gogh and Monet, are two artists that we studied in camp. These also happen to be two of the most famous artists ever. What I love about van Gogh, which I didn’t know until researching for this project, was that he didn’t know he wanted to be an artist at a young age. He tried at a few different professions before giving art a try and I find I can relate to this. I had a hard time deciding what to study at Indiana University and it made me happy to know that one of Monet the most famous artists didn’t start his profession until later in life. It goes to show that it is important to dabble in different areas before deciding what to do.
  7. 7. + Claude Monet: Biography Claude Monet was born on November 14, 1840, in Paris. He was a founder of French impressionist painting. The Next Slide: term impressionism is derived from the title of his Biography painting, Impression, Sunrise (pictured right). Monet spent Continued most of his youth in Le Havre, drawing caricatures of the locals and acting as a rebel at school. Monet continued drawing caricatures, and selling them at the age of fifteen, and wasn't really interested in painting until he met his future mentor EugèneBoudin. Boudin encouraged the young Monet to go outside and paint nature scenes. Claude went on to study at the prestigious École des Beaux-Arts, but like many famous artists rejected the rules and left the school. After serving some time in the army, Monet joined the studio of Swiss painter Charles Gleyre in Paris, where he meet with other artists, giving birth to the impressionist movement. Inspired by EdouardManet, Monet worked on large canvases, and by then, he had become such a perfectionist that he refused to paint unless the light of the sun reflected exactly the way he wanted it. (Continued on next slide…)
  8. 8. + Monet Biography continued… Although Monet mostly painted nature scenes, he sometimes included human figures in his paintings. One day, he had his friend Bazille, and a lady named Camille Doncieux pose for a painting of a Picnic (Le Déjeunersurl'Herbe). Little did he know she would one day becomehis wife and the subject of many of his works. Claude went through a serious of troubling times, and even tried committing suicide once. Shortly after they got married, Claude and Camille were forced to move to London, England to escape the rigors of the Franco-Prussian war of 1870. During this time, Monet painted several canvasses, and had several successful showings. In 1874, Monet organized the very first Impressionism Show where over thirty artists had a showing at Nadar’sStudio. At first, the critics weren't too kind towards the artists' work, which went against the status quo of the art world, However, more shows, andpublic success soon brought the critics to a favorable verdict. After the death of his wife, Monet moved to Giverny and took up gardening; his famous paintings of waterliliesare a good example of the relationship that existedbetween Monet and nature.
  9. 9. + Claude Monet: Famous Artwork Wild Poppies, 1873 Woman With Parasol, 1886 Rue Montorgueil, 1878 Water Lilies, 1920- 1926
  10. 10. + Claude Monet: Reflection Claude Monet is the other really famous impressionist artist and one of the artists covered at my art camp. The reason I chose to cover Monet is because of his paintings that I saw when I visited Paris in the spring of 2008. Walking into the Musée de l'Orangerie and the room covered in his Water Lily paintings practically from floor to ceiling is almost indescribable. The thought of how much time and effort it took to make those paintings is what really makes it impressive. There is so much detail and perfection on the canvases. After a long day of sigh seeing, it was a perfect ending to my first day in Paris and will forever have an impression on me. I had always heard about Monet in school but didn’t really get a good idea of who he was as a painter. However, now every time I hear his name, like I did in art camp this year, I will always think about his Water Lily paintings which inspired me to pursue my interest in taking Morisot pictures of nature as a hobby.
  11. 11. + Berthe Morisot: Biography Berthe Morisot was born January 14, 1841, in Next Slide: Bourges, France. She was a painter and member of a Biography circle of painters in Paris known now as the impressionist Continued painters. She was undervalued for over a century, most likely because she was a woman. She was born into a family that had included one of the most prolific Rococo painters of the ancient regime, Fragonard. By age twenty, she befriended the pivotal landscape painter of the Barbizon School, Camille Corot. Under Corot’s influence, Morisot began painting in the plein air method of working, which means working outdoors. Morisot's first appearance in the Salon de Paris came when she was twenty-three in 1864, with the acceptance of two of her landscape paintings. Morisot is another artist to become acquainted with EdouardManet. Although Manethas been said to be the master and Morisotthe follower, there is evidence that their relationship was a reciprocating one. Records of paintings show Manet's approval and appreciation of certain stylistic and compositional decisions that Morisot originated. (Continued on next slide…)
  12. 12. + Morisot Biography continued… It was Morisot who drew Manet into the circle of painters who soon became known as the Impressionists. As a doctrinaire Impressionist, As well as a member of the haute bourgeoisie, Morisot painted what she experienced on a daily basis. Her paintings reflect the 19th century cultural restrictions of her class and gender. She avoided urban and street scenes as well as the nude figure andfocused on domestic life and portraits in which she could use family and personal friends as models. Her works include not only landscapes, portraits, garden settings and boating scenes, but also subjects portraying the comfort and intimacy of family and domestic life. Morisot and American artist Mary Cassatt are generally considered the most important women painters of the later 19th century. Morisot died in Paris on March 2, 1895.
  13. 13. + Berthe Morisot: Famous Artwork Grain field The Cradle, 1872 Young Girl with a Parrot, 1873 Woman at her Toilette, 1875
  14. 14. + Berthe Morisot: Reflection The reason I chose Morisot as my final impressionist artist is because she is a woman. I was surprised to see her picture turn up when I clicked on her name, expecting it to be another man. When studying artists during this time period, not many women are covered. In fact, before doing this research, I hadn’t ever heard of Morisot. However, after looking at her paintings, I remember seeing a few of them in the museums in Paris. I just never made the connection of her name to the paintings. I feel like a lot of the artists studied in school are men so I was really excited to find Morisot in the list of impressionists. Not only is her work revered today, but she was also able to make an impression and influence EdouardManet, who was the mentor of many famous artists. I’m glad I was able to learn Berthe Morisot’s name so I was able to add to my knowledge of the impressionist artists.
  15. 15. + Conclusion The reason I chose to present on these three impressionist artists is because I was inspired when I took my trip to Paris in the spring of 2008. I’m not normally a museum type of girl, but when I was able to see all of the paintings in the museums of France, I was blown away. I had seen many of the famous paintings in books before but nothing compared to seeing them in real life. It really gave me a new appreciate for art that I wasn’t able to receive from school. I hope that everybody gets a chance to see these paintings in person, but if not it is still fascinating learning about these artists and what inspired their work. These three artists have given me a new appreciation for art.