animal agriculture in the developing world

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animal agriculture in the developing world

  1. 1. Animal Agriculture in the Developing World Jake Hooper
  2. 2. Overview of Animal Agriculture <ul><li>Uses of livestock </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large ruminants are kept for work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meat and milk are by-products </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small ruminants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kept primarily for meat and milk is a by-product </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Livestock Feeding <ul><li>Crop residues are the main source of feeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: not enough for a year-round supply </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In Africa, grasslands are heavily grazed to feed livestock </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: over-grazing has damaged the grasslands </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Adding back to Agriculture and Society <ul><li>Waste from livestock: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Returns nutrients to soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheap source of fertilizer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More, higher yielding crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More food for people and feed for livestock </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Sustaining Animal Agriculture <ul><li>Difficult to sustain because of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High grain prices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combat animal illness (costly) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grazing management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Veterinarians (many animals to only a few vets) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correct animals in their optimum environment </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Economics <ul><li>High grain prices competing with fuel production </li></ul><ul><li>Inputs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land, feed, animals, equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Breeding programs, efficient animals </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Conclusion <ul><li>Education is a MUST!! </li></ul><ul><li>Correct feeding strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Special attention to economics </li></ul>
  8. 8. References <ul><li>Courbois, Claude, et al. Livestock to 2020: The Next Food Revolution. October 1999. <http://www.ifpri.org/2020/BRIEFS/number61.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>International Livestock Research Institute. Improving Smallholder Farming through Animal Agriculture. <http://www.ilri.org/ILRIPubAware/ Uploaded%20Files/ 2004811921260.01BR_IMP_ImprovingSmallholderFarmingThroughAnimalAgriculture.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Qureshi, A.W. Issues related to sustainable development of livestock production. 1989. <http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/004/T0582E/T0582E04.htm#ch4>. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>

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