Open Content Barriers Oer10 Conference Mar10 V Rolfe


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Presentation to the OER10 conference, Cambridge UK March 2010 on staff attitudes to sharing and borrowing educational materials.

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Open Content Barriers Oer10 Conference Mar10 V Rolfe

  1. 1. Faculty sharing of scientific educational materials: drivers and barriers. Presentation to: OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES, Cambridge Monday 22 March 2010 By: Dr Viv Rolfe BSc PhD
  2. 2. Faculty of Health & Life Science <ul><li>Health sciences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomedical Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forensics Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharmacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health professions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Audiology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing & Midwifery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech and Language Therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical Physiology and Clinical Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health studies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criminology </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. OER <ul><li>The philosophy of the HEFCE/JISC Open Educational Resources (OER) initiative is to promote the open release and sharing of high quality learning materials worldwide (1). </li></ul><ul><li>The UK Centre for Bioscience is part of the pilot project comprising of a number of consortium partners to develop “An Interactive Laboratory and Fieldwork Manual for the Biosciences”(2). </li></ul>
  4. 4. VAL <ul><li>The HEA Bio project includes the “Virtual Analytical Laboratory” (VAL) from DMU. </li></ul><ul><li>On-line laboratory skills resource with ~70 video, animation, audio and screen-capture materials. </li></ul>
  5. 7. VAL <ul><li>Freely available on the internet under the Creative Commons UK “share, remix, reuse”. </li></ul><ul><li>Used in 2 science programmes – Biomedical Science and Medical Science. </li></ul><ul><li>Has had over 3000 visits from 80 countries around the world (Google Analytics) but is poorly used within the faculty. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Aim <ul><li>What are staff perceptions and attitudes at a faculty level in relation to using VAL to assist with laboratory skills teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the attitudes to sharing educational materials in general. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Methods <ul><li>6 staff members were interviewed to form themes for questioning. </li></ul><ul><li>Survey questions were based on a 5-point Likert scale or were open ended. Some questions were written collaboratively. </li></ul><ul><li>Questionnaires were circulated to staff both on-line using Survey Monkey and in a paper form. </li></ul><ul><li>Incentivised with chocolates and a competition. </li></ul>
  8. 10. Results - demographics
  9. 11. Results - responses <ul><li>192 full time academics and 115 part time n=307 staff members in the faculty. </li></ul><ul><li>52 respondents = 17% staff. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Results 50/52 50/52 50/52
  11. 13. Results (% Respondents 50/52)
  12. 14. What are your main subject specialisms?
  13. 15. Results – all about OER
  14. 16. What does the term &quot;Open Educational Resources&quot; mean to you?
  15. 17. (% Responses 47/52)
  16. 18. (% Respondents 47/52)
  17. 19. Results – perceptions of VAL
  18. 20. VAL <ul><li>4 staff use it, the rest didn’t. </li></ul><ul><li>19 – never heard of it. </li></ul><ul><li>9 – not relevant for my area. </li></ul><ul><li>8 – would like to adapt the resources. </li></ul><ul><li>No issues about quality or that lab skills should be taught in the lab. </li></ul>
  19. 21. Results – level of borrowing and sharing going on
  20. 22. (% Responses 44/52)
  21. 23. (% Responses 44/52) (% Responses 44/52)
  22. 24. (% Responses 48/52)
  23. 25. Results – attitudes
  24. 26. (45/52)
  25. 27. (45/52)
  26. 28. (% Responses 45/52)
  27. 29. Summary <ul><li>Small response (n=52) from Faculty of HLS. Potential for a +ve bias. </li></ul><ul><li>Reasonable understanding of OER - free / available / resources; only 5% heard of “OER” phrase. </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of DMU repositories good, but few aware of JORUM. </li></ul><ul><li>Clarity on copyright issues required. </li></ul>
  28. 30. Summary <ul><li>VAL is poorly used due to lack of publicity in the Faculty! </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies for adaptation and reuse to be explored. </li></ul>
  29. 31. Summary <ul><li>Majority of staff already share resources with close colleagues but no further a field. (Similar finding to Bell & Rothery, n=130). </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of staff borrow from close colleagues, internet and textbooks, but not university wide. Happy to use web materials but not put resources there. (Similar to above). </li></ul>
  30. 32. Summary <ul><li>Staff were favourable about sharing resources – “I believe in open education” “I’d be happy for someone to adapt” “saves time and money”. Minority “didn’t wish to share” or “wish to give colleagues an advantage”. </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright, IT support, staff development and incentives were raised are potential barriers. </li></ul>
  31. 33. DRIVERS Belief in OER Happy for people to reuse/adapt Saves time and money Faculty
  32. 34. BARRIERS Copyright confusion Need more staff training Lack of IT support Lack of an incentive Belief in sharing and incentives are the strongest influence on sharing (5) DMU
  33. 35. References <ul><li>Open educational resources programme (2009). Available at: [Accessed 14th October 2009] </li></ul><ul><li>UK Centre for Bioscience OER Project (2009). Available at: [Accessed 14th October 2009] </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Analytical Laboratory (2009). Available at: http:// [Accessed 14th October 2009] </li></ul><ul><li>Seonghee K & Boryung J (2008). An analysis of faculty perceptions. Library and Information Science Research. (30), 282-290. </li></ul><ul><li>Bell V & Rothery A (2006). E-sharing: Developing use of e-repositories and e-libraries for learning and teaching. Proceedings of the 12 th International Conference of European University Information Systems. 123-129. </li></ul>
  34. 36. Acknowledgements <ul><li>Questionnaire Design Collaborators </li></ul><ul><li>HEA Bioscience Subject Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Dr Andrew Rothery, University of Worcester </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Reed, Edge Hill University </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilising VAL Project Designers </li></ul><ul><li>Phil Tubman </li></ul><ul><li>Simon Griffin </li></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>HEFCE/JISC Open Educational Resources Pilot Project + UK Centre for Bioscience. </li></ul><ul><li>De Montfort University Research Informed Teaching Award </li></ul>