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Group 2 Pres

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Group 2 Pres

  1. 1. October 8, 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>Open Source </li></ul><ul><li>Public </li></ul><ul><li>Workstations </li></ul><ul><li>(in) </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul>
  3. 3. Reading Room, New York Public Library Reading Room, Bibliotecha Alexandrina
  4. 6. <ul><li>Open source? </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>open source </li></ul><ul><li>adjective </li></ul><ul><li>Computing </li></ul><ul><li>denoting software for which the original source code is made freely available and may be redistributed with or without modification. </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>there was Collaboration. </li></ul><ul><li>Which yielded many things, including the Internet, </li></ul>Collaboration Internet
  7. 9. <ul><li>But in the beginning, there was no open source. Not by that name, at least. </li></ul>
  8. 11. Eric Raymond +
  9. 12. <ul><li>in the </li></ul>Why ?
  10. 13. <ul><li>“ computer software is an increasingly critical factor in the world economy and in the strategic calculations of businesses” </li></ul>
  11. 17. <ul><ul><li>Open Source Operating System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many varieties, customizable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ubuntu Linux most popular for desktop OS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ubuntu.com </li></ul></ul>
  12. 18. <ul><ul><li>Similar to Linux </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensed differently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually used for server applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not commonly used on desktops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.openbsd.org </li></ul></ul>
  13. 19. <ul><ul><li>Application processing done by server </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terminals used for user display and input </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces power consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not suitable for video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ltsp.org </li></ul></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><ul><li>Open source alternative to Microsoft Office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes word processing, spreadsheet, and presentation software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help and support available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.openoffice.org </li></ul></ul>
  15. 21. <ul><ul><li>Open-source internet browser </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.mozilla.com/en-US/firefox </li></ul></ul>
  16. 22. <ul><ul><li>Open source multimedia player </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be used on Windows, Mac OS/X, and Linux </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Download: www.mplayerhq.hu/design7/dload.html </li></ul></ul>
  17. 23. <ul><ul><li>Allows users to run Windows applications under Linux </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all applications are compatible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.winehq.org </li></ul></ul>
  18. 24. Case Studies in Depth: Crawford County Federated Library System and Howard County Library
  19. 25. <ul><ul><li>Employee Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detailed project plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-house technical support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical support personnel should be familiar with open source applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employees have a clear sense the benefits of open source software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide leading edge services to patrons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage risk taking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide tech support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use project management software </li></ul></ul>
  20. 26. <ul><li>Benefits : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More reliable than Windows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less viruses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saved $35,000 by not upgrading to Windows XP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive user feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complaints: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not enough word processing workstations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timed sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not enough resources to keep it up-to-date </li></ul></ul>
  21. 27. <ul><ul><li>Howard County signed with Open Sense Solutions in 2005. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loaded OpenOffice.org, Firefox, MPlayer, RealPlayer, Adobe Reader, and a large game selection on all public-access computers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implemented longer session times. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 28. <ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connects all seven branches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiently utilizes funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Owning something that adds to library infrastructure rather than leasing from a vendor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complaints: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some websites don’t work with Firefox </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulties printing with Linux </li></ul></ul>
  23. 29. <ul><ul><li>Added the Opera and Mozilla browsers to its primary browser, Firefox. Also, CCFLS continues to maintain one public access computer that has Windows. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Began using Foomatic, an open source project that simplifies printing for Linux. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 31. Goals (2005) 1. Reduce the maintenance load for the public-access workstations. 2. Reduce the cost of public Internet access while increasing its availability.
  25. 33. <ul><ul><li>Applications: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Firefox  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OpenOffice.org   </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adode Reader  </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 34. <ul><li>Benefits : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced maintenance load for individual public-access workstations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowered cost of providing public Internet access to more users. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No software security issues </li></ul></ul>
  27. 35. Goals (late 2003): 1. Create low-maintenance kiosks in the               Student Union. 2.  Avoid Windows security issues.
  28. 37. <ul><ul><li>Applications: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Firefox </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>R- kiosk </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surveys   </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Programmable signage </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 38. <ul><ul><li>Expanded from 5 LTSP terminals to 22 terminals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terminals are located in the Student Union, Campus Health, Campus Recreation, and the School of Pharmacy </li></ul></ul>
  30. 39. <ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LTSP is easy to manage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low cost terminal software fits within UNC budget. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LTSP increases security. </li></ul></ul>
  31. 40. <ul><ul><li>Open source software can provide libraries with cost-effective alternatives to proprietary software. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions & Comments </li></ul></ul>

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