Politics1820 1840


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Politics1820 1840

  1. 1. Politics 1820-1840 <ul><li>Intro </li></ul><ul><li>Monroe (1817-1825) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missouri Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson (1829-37) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jacksonian Democracy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Class how does these elements effect Sectionalism and Nationalism?? State or Federal </li></ul><ul><li>Key Terms </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>John Q. Adams </li></ul><ul><li>Monroe Doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>1824 Election & “Corrupt Bargain” </li></ul>
  2. 2. Two Issues Arise During One President’s Term James Monroe (1817-1825)                                             
  3. 3. Missouri Crisis <ul><li>In 1819 Missouri applied for statehood as a slave state. </li></ul><ul><li>This would break the balance between the 11 Free States and 11 Slave States. </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the Map on page 323 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mason-Dixon Line
  5. 5. Who Had The Solution…? <ul><li>Henry Clay </li></ul>Speaker of the House
  6. 6. Missouri Compromise (1820) <ul><li>Missouri entered the Union as a slave state. </li></ul><ul><li>Maine entered the Union as a free state. </li></ul><ul><li>In future, slavery was prohibited in the Louisiana Purchase Territory north of 36 ° 30’. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Foreign Policy (What were the concerns?) <ul><li>Spanish colonies gained independence (Mexico and others); will another European power move in? </li></ul><ul><li>Russia’s exploration of Oregon Territory. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Foreign Policy Concerns (Who had the solution…?) John Q. Adams Secretary of State
  9. 9. Monroe Doctrine Review (1823) <ul><li>European powers cannot interfere with independent nations in the Western Hemisphere. </li></ul><ul><li>New European colonization in Western Hemisphere was prohibited. </li></ul><ul><li>In return, the US pledged to stay out of European affairs. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Significance Of Monroe Doctrine <ul><li>This was the foundation of US foreign policy for over 100 years. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Candidates In 1824 Andrew Jackson John Quincy Adams Henry Clay William Crawford
  12. 12. Presidential Election Of 1824 30.5% 84 John Q. Adams 13.1% 41 William Crawford 13.2% 37 Henry Clay 43.1% 99 Andrew Jackson Popular Vote Electoral Vote Candidate 1824 Election (131 = Majority)
  13. 13. If No Candidate Wins A Majority Of Electoral Votes… <ul><li>The House of Representatives chooses the next President among the top three finishers. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Election Of 1824 & Corrupt Bargain <ul><li>House of Representatives chose Adams to be President (Clay helped Adams win). </li></ul><ul><li>Adams picked Clay to be Secretary of State. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It appeared as if a “Corrupt Bargain” was made . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adams’ Presidency was a failure. </li></ul><ul><li>Clay knew Secretary of State was the way to the White House </li></ul>
  15. 15. Presidential Election Of 1828 44% 83 John Q. Adams 56% 178 Andrew Jackson Popular Vote Electoral Vote Candidate 1828 Election (131 = Majority)
  16. 16. Jacksonian Democracy: Concepts (1829-1837) <ul><li>Jackson’s Inauguration. </li></ul><ul><li>Key philosophy- “The will of the people should govern.” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Jacksonian Democracy ( Jackson’s Proposals & “will of the people”) <ul><li>Eliminate property qualifications for voting. </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate Electoral College. </li></ul><ul><li>All judges should be elected by popular vote. </li></ul><ul><li>Presidents should only serve one term of six years. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Limits To Jacksonian Democracy <ul><li>Jackson was a slave owner. </li></ul><ul><li>He did not support equality for women. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Removal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removal of Native Americans to Indian Territory out West. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Politics 1820-1840 <ul><li>Intro </li></ul><ul><li>Monroe (1817-1825) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missouri Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson (1829-37) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jacksonian Democracy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Conc. </li></ul><ul><li>Key Terms </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>John Q. Adams </li></ul><ul><li>Monroe Doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>1824 Election & “Corrupt Bargain </li></ul>