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Glorious Grammar

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This PowerPoint is a lesson on grammar that covers parts of speech and sentence diagramming.

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Glorious Grammar

  1. 1. Glorious Grammar<br />A review of the Parts of Speech <br />and VerbAgreement<br />Kimberly Fluck<br />
  2. 2. Fair Use Statement<br />This presentation was created using fair use guidelines.<br />
  3. 3. Importance of Grammar<br />Helps with critical thinking<br />Leads to more prestigious speech and writing<br />Helps when learning a foreign language<br />
  4. 4. Parts of Speech - Review<br />Noun – a person, place, thing, or idea<br />Examples: car, dog, Jim, violence<br />Verb – expresses actions, events, or a state of being<br />Examples: run, jump, is, have<br />Adjective – describes, identifies or quantifies<br />Examples: blue, seven, hideous, dark<br />Pronoun – replaces or substitutes for a noun<br />Examples: he, you, I, which<br />Adverb – indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree<br />Examples: quickly, patiently, boldly<br />
  5. 5. Practice with Parts of Speech<br />The dog jumps over the fence.<br />Noun<br />Jim gives Susan a card.<br />Verb<br />She ran to class quickly.<br />Adverb<br />He lifted the weights.<br />Pronoun<br />
  6. 6. Conjunctions<br />Connects or conjoins parts/clauses of a sentence<br />Examples: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so – “FANBOYS”<br />Jim and Ted built a shed.<br />You can have the cat or the dog.<br />I like having time off, but I don’t like having small pay checks.<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkO87mkgcNo&feature=related<br />
  7. 7. Complex and Compound Sentences<br />A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought.<br />Example: Mark plays football every afternoon.<br />A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a conjunction.<br />Example: I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English.<br />A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or when.<br />Example: After they finished studying, John and Sarah went to the movies. <br />
  8. 8. Agreement with Subject-Verb<br />When the subject of a sentence is composed of two or more nouns or pronouns connected by “and,” use a plural verb.<br />When two or more singular nouns or pronouns are connected by “or,” use a singular verb.<br />When a compound subject contains both a singular and a plural noun or pronoun joined by “or” the verb should agree with the part of the subject that is closest to the verb.<br />He and his friends are at the game.<br />The paper or the pen is in the desk.<br />The boy or his friends eat fruit.<br />His friends or the boy eats fruit.<br />
  9. 9. Sentence Diagramming<br />1. They laughed.<br />2. Her friend is an architect.<br />3. He is getting old.<br />Who can diagram these sentences?<br />
  10. 10. Sentence Diagramming<br />1. They laughed.<br />They laughed.<br />Subject verb<br />
  11. 11. Sentence Diagramming<br />2. Her friend is an architect.<br />friend is architect.   Subject Verb Predicate<br />an<br />Adjective<br />article<br />Her<br />
  12. 12. Sentence Diagramming<br />3. He is getting old.<br />He is getting old.Subject VerbPredicate (Adj.) <br />
  13. 13. Bibliography<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkO87mkgcNo&feature=related<br />http://a2.vox.com/6a00c225267e228e1d0110168e7d5a860d-500pi<br />http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/partsp.html<br />

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