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Chaucer

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Chaucer

  1. 1. L iterary heritage
  2. 2. Geoffrey Chaucer
  3. 3. Some of the pilgrims • The Knight • The Miller • The Cook • The Friar • The Merchant • The Squire
  4. 4. Chaucer • Who? Geoffrey Chaucer • What? Canterbury Tales • When? Chaucer lived 1340-1400, • Key dates – Edward III 1327 - 1377 – Richard II 1377 - 1399 – Henry IV 1399 - 1413 – 1328 - Edward III claims throne, start of the Hundred Years War – 1349 the Black Death reaches England – late 1380s - Chaucer begins The Canterbury Tales – October 1400 dies, buried in Westminster Abbey
  5. 5. Chaucer • Chaucer served as a squire on several military expeditions to France • Captured near Rheims, his ransom paid by the King himself • 1369 - given an annual pension by the King • 1372 - went on a trade mission to Italy for the King • Became affluent and important through the patrongae of John of Gaunt, much of his work was to do with Customs and Excise
  6. 6. Chaucer • Framework of a pilgrimage from London to Canterbury to the tomb of Thomas a Becket • Start at the Tabard Inn, Southwark • All to tell four stories, two there, two coming back • The Host of the Tabard agreed to be the judge • Most told only one story, four of which are unfinished • General Prologue describes the pilgrims, most individual stories have their own prologues
  7. 7. Southwark to Canterbury - 1380
  8. 8. The Millere • Look at the description of the Miller from the General Prologue. • Work with a partner to read it aloud and try to translate it. • Pay special attention to the physical description of him - you’ll need this later!
  9. 9. The Millere • Look at the modern English translation and see how you did! • Now use the points you found about the Miller’s description to fill in the table about him.

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