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Since the US Presidential Elections are close.
U can find some useful info about that in this short & sleek presentation.

Published in: News & Politics, Business
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  1. 1. GOVERNMENT IN AMERICA <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Government in USA is large , and Americans believe that all the social issues and concerns can be solved by the government though few believe that it is of no interest to the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Government in United states is c onstitution-based federal republic ; with strong democratic tradition. </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Beginning <ul><ul><li>The United States began as 13 independent colonies under a loose confederation in 1776. After winning their independence from Great Britain in 1783 , the colonies had trouble getting along with each other. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After much debate and controversy , the states adopted a written constitution in 1787. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain powers were given to the federal government , while other powers were kept by the individual states . </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. US flag has 50 stars (states) and 13 red & white stripes (colonies ).
  4. 4. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>The first ten amendments of the constitution limit the powers of the government to abridge individual human rights . This Bill of Rights is cherished by all Americans . Despite constitutional guarantees, groups such as BLACKS and WOMEN have had to struggle, over two centuries, to claim their constitutional rights. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. The first amendment guarantees freedom of religion,speech,freedom of press etc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. STRUCTURE OF THE GOVERNMENT <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FEDERAL GOVERNMENT </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>THE JUDICIAL BRANCH </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STATE GOVERNMENT- Often but not always similar in structure to the federal govt. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Executive Branch <ul><li>The President is the head of the executive branch , chosen through a popular election every four years . </li></ul><ul><li>The President lives during his term in the Executive Mansion (“The White House”), at 1600, Pennsylvania avenue, in Washington D.C. </li></ul>
  8. 8. continued…. <ul><li>The Vice- President who is also elected , takes over in case the President is ill or dies . </li></ul><ul><li>All the other officer’s of the executive branch , known as the President’s cabinet are chosen by the President with the advice and the consent of the congress . </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Legislative Branch <ul><ul><li>1.The Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. The House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Each of the 50 states has 2 senators (6 year terms) </li></ul><ul><li>There are 435 seats in the House of Representatives (2 year terms) allocated to each state on basis of population. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the bi-cameral system of representation . </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Judicial Branch <ul><li> Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li> Federal Courts </li></ul><ul><li>SUPREME COURT -Members appointed to life terms by the President & must be confirmed by the congress . </li></ul><ul><li>FEDERAL COURTS- The 94 U.S. judicial districts are organized into 12 regional circuits , each of which has a United States court of appeals . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Balance of Power <ul><li>The American system is different from the Parliamentary system common in many other countries . </li></ul><ul><li>The President is elected directly by the people as are the senators and the representatives . </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme court is independent of the Executive and the legislative branches . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Continued… <ul><li>With a lot of controversy and compromises , the system was designed to provide checks and balances , so that no one branch of the government could hold too much power . </li></ul><ul><li>The Congress can frustrate the President, while the President has the power to veto laws that the Congress has passed. </li></ul>
  13. 13. State Government <ul><li>State Govts . are structured much like the federal govt ., though in many cases the state judiciary is directly elected. </li></ul><ul><li>The chief executive of the state is the Governor. </li></ul><ul><li>State  counties  small towns and villages </li></ul><ul><li>Cities are incorporated with special laws and have special legal status. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conclusion <ul><li>Each level of the government, both federal as well a the state govt . has its own lawmaking and administrative areas . </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever your views, in the United states you’ll have to deal with government at many levels. </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU . </li></ul>