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Chapter 13 globalization


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Chapter 13 globalization

  1. 1. Chapter 13-Globalization <ul><li>Globalization is the international movement to integrate world economies by removing barriers to the trade of goods and services as well as by enhancing capital, labour and technological mobility. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Impact of Globalization <ul><li>Reduced union success in NA in terms of taking wages out of competition </li></ul><ul><li>Impacts on unions globally page 399 </li></ul><ul><li>Created social policy disequilibrium- pay & employment equity and anti-discrimination & human rights laws- not protected globally </li></ul><ul><li>Women & children in developing countries often exploited in sweatshop conditions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Union Responses to Globalization <ul><li>1970s- International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) & Global Union Federations began to pressure international corporations to adopt labour codes of conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Covered child labour, freedom of association, collective bargaining, and forced labour </li></ul><ul><li>Very slow progress in influencing change </li></ul><ul><li>Developed countries need to apply greater pressure- push to produce ethically made goods- however 10-20% more expensive </li></ul>
  4. 4. Union Responses to Globalization <ul><li>Through ‘90s and into 2000s pressured the World Bank, the IMF, and WTO to adopt the following core labour standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li> elimination of forced labour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> freedom of association & collective bargaining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> equal pay & freedom from discrimination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> elimination of child labour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WTO did not include labour standards in 2001 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Union Responses to Globalization <ul><li>ICFTU & GUFs shifted focus to international framework agreements (IFA) with transnational corporations (TNCs) </li></ul><ul><li>2008- 72 countries All Framework Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Single Union Global Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Unions negotiating with large corporations in the home country agreements that apply to international operations- United Airlines pg. 404 </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Future of Industrial Relations under Globalization <ul><li>International Labour Organization- </li></ul><ul><li>Tripartite (management, labour & government) agency of the United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Labour market regulations and social policy issues- page 406 </li></ul><ul><li>ILO condemned Liberal party of Ontario for denying part-time community college employees the right to form a union </li></ul>