Elizabeth Wilson Presentation

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Birth Control Issues in the Developing World

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Elizabeth Wilson Presentation

  1. 1. Birth Control Issues in the Developing World By: Elizabeth Wilson
  2. 2. Effect of Population Growth <ul><li>Population Growth + Environment Devastation = Widespread Hunger </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fertility Rates Source: Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division.
  4. 4. Fertility Rates <ul><li>Education Level </li></ul><ul><li>Age of Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul><ul><li>Access to Health Services </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Affiliation </li></ul><ul><li>Social Identity </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ethical Principles & Theories <ul><li>Ethical Principle - Autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical Theory - Rights </li></ul>
  6. 6. Need for Family Planning <ul><li>Breastfeeding </li></ul><ul><li>Contraception </li></ul><ul><li>Birth spacing </li></ul>
  7. 7. Need for Family Planning Source: Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division.
  8. 8. Benefits of Birth Control <ul><li>Lower growing population trends </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced human ecological footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Increased resources for food and energy production </li></ul><ul><li>Lower maternal mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Lower infant mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce transmission of STDs including HIV/AIDS </li></ul>
  9. 9. References <ul><li>Bongaarts, J. (1982). The fertility-inhibiting effects of the intermediate fertility variables. Studies in Family Planning , 12(6/7), 179-189. </li></ul><ul><li>Bongaarts, J. (1994). Population policy options in the developing world. Science, 771(6), pages unknown. </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division. </li></ul><ul><li>Feyisetan, B. & Casterline, J.B. (2000). Fertility preferences and contraceptive change in developing countries. International Family Planning Perspectives , 26(3), 100-109. </li></ul><ul><li>Hogan, D.P. & Biratu, B. (2004). Social identity and community effects on contraception use and intentions in southern Ethiopia. Studies in Family Planning, 35(2), 79-90. </li></ul><ul><li>Kirby, A. (2004, February 3). Rich 'failing' on birth control. BBC News. Retriever from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3451717.stm </li></ul><ul><li>Radalimanana, H. & Westoff, C.F. (2000). Potential effects on fertility and child health and survival of birth spacing preferences in Sub-Saharan Africa. Studies in Family Planning , 31(2). 99-110. </li></ul><ul><li>Russell, G. (1984, August 6). People, people, people. Time. Retrieved from http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,921723,00.html </li></ul><ul><li>Smith, D.P. (1985). Breastfeeding, contraception and birth intervals in developing countries. Studies in Family Planning , 16(3), 154-163. </li></ul><ul><li>Watkins, S.C. (1987). The fertility transition: Europe and the third world compared. Sociological Forum, 2(4), 645-673. </li></ul>

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