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Martin Luther King, Jr


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Martin Luther King, Jr

  1. 1. Student : Seung Jea Lee Class : Career Teacher : Brian
  2. 2. <ul><li>He was born on January 15, 1929 and died on April 4, 1968. </li></ul><ul><li>He was a leader in the American </li></ul><ul><li>civil rights movement . </li></ul><ul><li>He raised public consciousness </li></ul><ul><li>of the civil rights movement and </li></ul><ul><li>established himself as one of the </li></ul><ul><li>greatest orators in U.S. history. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>He was born in 1929, Atlanta, Georgia. </li></ul><ul><li>He was the son of the Reverend Martin Luther King, </li></ul><ul><li>Sr . and Alberta Williams King. </li></ul><ul><li>King's father was born &quot;Michael King&quot;, and Martin Luther King, Jr . was initially named &quot;Michael King, Jr.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>He entered Morehouse College at age fifteen, skipping his ninth and twelfth high school grades without formally graduating. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>He was instrumental in the founding of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, a group created to harness the moral authority and organizing power of black churches to conduct non-violent protests in the service of civil rights reform. </li></ul><ul><li>He organized and led marches for blacks' right to vote, desegregation, labor rights and other basic civil rights. Most of these rights were successfully enacted into United States law with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>He, representing SCLC , was among the leaders of the so-called &quot; Big Six &quot; civil rights organizations who were instrumental in the organization of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1963. </li></ul><ul><li>Organizers intended to excoriate and then challenge the federal government for its failure </li></ul><ul><li>to safeguard the civil rights and physical </li></ul><ul><li>safety of civil rights workers and blacks, </li></ul><ul><li>generally,in the South. </li></ul><ul><li>In the year, He said “I have a dream” </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>He and SCLC , in partial collaboration with SNCC , attempted to organize a march from Selma to the state capital of Montgomery , for March 7, 1965 . The first attempt to march on March 7 was aborted because of mob and police violence against the demonstrators. This day called “ Bloody Sunday .” </li></ul><ul><li>The day was a major turning point in the effort to gain public support for the Civil Rights Movement, the clearest demonstration up to that time of the dramatic potential of King's nonviolence strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>Nonetheless, he led marchers on March 9 to the Edmund Pettus bridge, then held a short prayer session before turning the marchers around and asking them to disperse so as not to violate the court order. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>In 1968 , King and the SCLC organized the &quot; Poor People's Campaign &quot; to address issues of economic justice. However, King and SCLC's Poor People's Campaign was not unanimously supported by the other leaders of the Civil Rights Movement , including Bayard Rustin. </li></ul><ul><li>His vision was for change that was more </li></ul><ul><li>revolutionary than mere reform: he cited </li></ul><ul><li>systematic flaws of &quot; racism, poverty, militar- </li></ul><ul><li>ism and materialism &quot;, and argued that &quot; reco- </li></ul><ul><li>nstruction of society itself is the real issue to </li></ul><ul><li>be faced &quot; </li></ul>