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Tissues <ul><li>Similar in structure and function </li></ul><ul><li>Four Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Epithelial  </li></ul...
Epithelial <ul><li>Cellularity </li></ul><ul><li>Special Contacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Junctions & Desmosomes </li></ul><...
Simple Epithelial <ul><li>Single Layer </li></ul><ul><li>Four Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Squamous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Simple Squamous <ul><li>Single Layer of Flat Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diffusion, Filteratio...
Simple Cuboidal <ul><li>Single Layer of Cube Shaped Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretion & Ab...
Simple Columnar <ul><li>Single Layer of tall shaped cells </li></ul><ul><li>Some contain Cilia </li></ul><ul><li>Goblet Ce...
Psuedostratified Columnar <ul><li>Single layer w/ Different Heights </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclei seen at different layers </li...
Stratified Epithelial  <ul><li>Two or more Layers of Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Four types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Squamous, C...
Stratified Squamous <ul><li>Thick Membrane w/ multiple layers </li></ul><ul><li>Most Widespread </li></ul><ul><li>Protects...
Stratified Cuboidal <ul><li>Typically 2 cell layers </li></ul><ul><li>Rare </li></ul><ul><li>Found in Sweat and Mammary Gl...
Stratified Columnar <ul><li>Limited Distribution in body </li></ul><ul><li>Found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharynx, male u...
Transitional <ul><li>Several Cell Layers </li></ul><ul><li>Basal cells are Cuboidal </li></ul><ul><li>Surface cells are do...
Connective Tissue <ul><li>Most Abundant </li></ul><ul><li>Found through out the body </li></ul><ul><li>Four Types: </li></...
Connective Tissue Proper <ul><li>2 Subclasses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose and Dense </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Majority of mat...
Loose Connective Tissue  <ul><li>Three Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Areolar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adiopose </li></ul><...
Areolar Connective Tissue <ul><ul><li>Gel- Like Matrix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cushions Organ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Adipose (Fat) <ul><li>Similar Matrix to Areolar </li></ul><ul><li>Closely packed Adiopocytes </li></ul><ul><li>Function: <...
Reticular <ul><li>Loose Ground Substance </li></ul><ul><li>Reticular Fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Forms soft internal skeleton...
Dense ConnectiveTissue <ul><li>2 types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular & Irregular </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fibers are predomi...
Dense Regular <ul><li>Special Contacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Junctions & Desmosomes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polarity </li><...
Dense Irregular <ul><li>Same Structural Elements as Regular </li></ul><ul><li>Thicker irregular collagen fibers </li></ul>...
Cartilage  <ul><li>Withstands Tension & Condension </li></ul><ul><li>Tough but flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Avascular & lack...
Hyaline Cartilage <ul><li>Most Abundant </li></ul><ul><li>Many Collagen Fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix appears glassy </l...
Elastic Cartilage <ul><li>Cellularity </li></ul><ul><li>Special Contacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Junctions & Desmosomes </li...
Fibrocartilage <ul><li>Matrix similar to Hyaline </li></ul><ul><li>Rows of Chondrocytes alternating with thick collagen fi...
Bone <ul><li>Rock-Like hardness </li></ul><ul><li>Supports & Protects Body </li></ul><ul><li>Provides cavities for fat sto...
Blood <ul><li>Fluid w/in Blood Vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Most atypicial </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of Blood Cells </li></ul...
Muscular Tissue <ul><li>Highly cellular </li></ul><ul><li>Well Vascularized </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for majority of ...
Skeletal Muscle <ul><li>Attached to Bone </li></ul><ul><li>Forms Flesh </li></ul><ul><li>Cause movement of bones </li></ul...
Cardiac Muscle <ul><li>Found in walls of heart </li></ul><ul><li>Propels Blood </li></ul><ul><li>Uninucleate </li></ul><ul...
Smooth Muscle <ul><li>No Visible Striations </li></ul><ul><li>Spindle-shaped cells </li></ul><ul><li>Found in walls of hol...
Nervous Tissue <ul><li>Main component of Nervous System </li></ul><ul><li>Neurons </li></ul><ul><li>Various Support Cells ...
Credits <ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tissues- www.bioscience.co.uk/cytomyx.asp   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epit...
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Tissues Project Jordan Rudack

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Tissues Project Jordan Rudack

  1. 1. Tissues <ul><li>Similar in structure and function </li></ul><ul><li>Four Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Epithelial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nervous </li></ul></ul>Epithelial Connective Nervous Muscular Credits Human Tissue
  2. 2. Epithelial <ul><li>Cellularity </li></ul><ul><li>Special Contacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Junctions & Desmosomes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polarity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apical & Basal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avascular but Innervted </li></ul><ul><li>Regenerative </li></ul><ul><li>Classified by simple or squamous </li></ul>Simple Stratified Epithelial Tissue
  3. 3. Simple Epithelial <ul><li>Single Layer </li></ul><ul><li>Four Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Squamous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuboidal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Columnar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psuedostratified Columnar </li></ul></ul>Squamous Cuboidal Columnar Psuedostratified Columnar Simple Epitheial Tissue
  4. 4. Simple Squamous <ul><li>Single Layer of Flat Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diffusion, Filteration, Provides Friction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kidneys, Glomeruli, Lining of Heart, Blood vessels, Lymphatic Vessels & Serosae </li></ul></ul>Simple Cuboidal Simple Columnar Psuedostratified Columnar
  5. 5. Simple Cuboidal <ul><li>Single Layer of Cube Shaped Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretion & Absorption </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Present in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kidney Tubules, Ducts & Glands, & Ovary Surface </li></ul></ul>Simple Squamous Simple Columnar Psuedostratified Columnar
  6. 6. Simple Columnar <ul><li>Single Layer of tall shaped cells </li></ul><ul><li>Some contain Cilia </li></ul><ul><li>Goblet Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Functions; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absorption & Secretion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nonciliated: Lines Digestive tract & Gallbladder </li></ul><ul><li>Ciliated: Lines bronchi, uterine tubes & some regions of uterus </li></ul>Simple Squamous Simple Cuboidal Psuedostratified Columnar Simple Columnar Epithelial
  7. 7. Psuedostratified Columnar <ul><li>Single layer w/ Different Heights </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclei seen at different layers </li></ul><ul><li>Function- Secretion & Propulsion of Mucus </li></ul><ul><li>Found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Male Sperm- carrying ducts & Large Glands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ciliated found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trachea & Upper respiratory tract </li></ul></ul>Simple Squamous Simple Cuboidal Simple Columnar
  8. 8. Stratified Epithelial <ul><li>Two or more Layers of Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Four types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Squamous, Cuboidal, Columnar, Transitional </li></ul></ul>Strat. Squamous Strat. Cuboidal Strat. Columnar Transitional Stratified Epithelial
  9. 9. Stratified Squamous <ul><li>Thick Membrane w/ multiple layers </li></ul><ul><li>Most Widespread </li></ul><ul><li>Protects </li></ul><ul><li>Keratinized & NonKerantinized </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keratinized- External part of epidermis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non- Keratinized- lines esophagus, mouth, & vagina </li></ul></ul>Strat. Cuboidal Strat. Columnar Transitional
  10. 10. Stratified Cuboidal <ul><li>Typically 2 cell layers </li></ul><ul><li>Rare </li></ul><ul><li>Found in Sweat and Mammary Gland </li></ul> Strat. Columnar Strat. Squamous Transitional Stratified Cuboidal
  11. 11. Stratified Columnar <ul><li>Limited Distribution in body </li></ul><ul><li>Found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharynx, male urethra, lining of glandular ducts, and transition areas between tissues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Apical layer = Columnar </li></ul> Strat. Squamous Strat. Cuboidal Transitional
  12. 12. Transitional <ul><li>Several Cell Layers </li></ul><ul><li>Basal cells are Cuboidal </li></ul><ul><li>Surface cells are dome shaped </li></ul><ul><li>Stretchy </li></ul><ul><li>Lines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urinary bladder, ureters, & part of urethra </li></ul></ul> Strat. Squamous Strat. Cuboidal Strat. Columnar
  13. 13. Connective Tissue <ul><li>Most Abundant </li></ul><ul><li>Found through out the body </li></ul><ul><li>Four Types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connective Tissue Proper, Cartilige, Bone, Blood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Function: Binding and Support, Protection, Insulation, Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Common Origin </li></ul><ul><li>Degrees of vascularity </li></ul><ul><li>Non-living extracellular matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Cartilage </li></ul>Connective Tiss. Proper Cartilage Bone Blood Connective Tissue
  14. 14. Connective Tissue Proper <ul><li>2 Subclasses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose and Dense </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Majority of mature Connective Tissue </li></ul>Loose Connective Dense Connective Connective Tissue Proper
  15. 15. Loose Connective Tissue <ul><li>Three Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Areolar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adiopose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reticular </li></ul></ul> Adiopose Areolar Reticular
  16. 16. Areolar Connective Tissue <ul><ul><li>Gel- Like Matrix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cushions Organ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Widely Distributed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contain: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fibroblasts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Macrophages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mast Cells </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>White Blood Cells </li></ul></ul></ul>Adiopose Reticular
  17. 17. Adipose (Fat) <ul><li>Similar Matrix to Areolar </li></ul><ul><li>Closely packed Adiopocytes </li></ul><ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stores & reserves Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports and protects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Located: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under skin, In abdomen, Around Kidneys, In breasts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Serve Nutrient Needs </li></ul>Areolar Reticular
  18. 18. Reticular <ul><li>Loose Ground Substance </li></ul><ul><li>Reticular Fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Forms soft internal skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>Found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lymph nodes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spleen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bone Marrow </li></ul></ul> Areolar Adipose Reticular Connective Tissue
  19. 19. Dense ConnectiveTissue <ul><li>2 types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular & Irregular </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fibers are predominant element </li></ul>Dense Regular Dense Irregular Dense Connective Tissue
  20. 20. Dense Regular <ul><li>Special Contacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Junctions & Desmosomes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polarity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apical & Basal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avascular but Innervted </li></ul><ul><li>Regenerative </li></ul><ul><li>Classified by simple or squamous </li></ul>Dense Irregular
  21. 21. Dense Irregular <ul><li>Same Structural Elements as Regular </li></ul><ul><li>Thicker irregular collagen fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Forms sheets in tension areas </li></ul><ul><li>Fiberous joint capsules & fiberous coverings surrounding some organs </li></ul>Dense Regular Dense Irregular
  22. 22. Cartilage <ul><li>Withstands Tension & Condension </li></ul><ul><li>Tough but flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Avascular & lacks nerves fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Chondroblasts </li></ul><ul><li>80% water </li></ul><ul><li>Heals slowly </li></ul><ul><li>3 Types: Hyaline, Elastic, Fibrocartilage </li></ul> Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage Cartilage
  23. 23. Hyaline Cartilage <ul><li>Most Abundant </li></ul><ul><li>Many Collagen Fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix appears glassy </li></ul><ul><li>Functions: Supports and Reinforces, Cushions, Resists Compression stress </li></ul><ul><li>Found: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Embryonic skeletons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ends of long bones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trachea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Larynx </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costal cartilage of ribs </li></ul></ul> Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
  24. 24. Elastic Cartilage <ul><li>Cellularity </li></ul><ul><li>Special Contacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Junctions & Desmosomes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polarity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apical & Basal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avascular but Innervted </li></ul><ul><li>Regenerative </li></ul><ul><li>Classified by simple or squamous </li></ul>Hyaline Cartilage Fibrocartilage
  25. 25. Fibrocartilage <ul><li>Matrix similar to Hyaline </li></ul><ul><li>Rows of Chondrocytes alternating with thick collagen fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Compressive but resists Tension </li></ul><ul><li>Supports & withstands heavy pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intervertabral discs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spongey cartilage of knee </li></ul></ul>Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage
  26. 26. Bone <ul><li>Rock-Like hardness </li></ul><ul><li>Supports & Protects Body </li></ul><ul><li>Provides cavities for fat storage & synthesis of blood cells </li></ul><ul><li>Added matrix element: Inorganic Calcium salts </li></ul><ul><li>Marrow is site for hemotopolesis </li></ul><ul><li>Stores: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calcium, Minerals, Fat </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Blood <ul><li>Fluid w/in Blood Vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Most atypicial </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of Blood Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Main function: Transportation </li></ul>
  28. 28. Muscular Tissue <ul><li>Highly cellular </li></ul><ul><li>Well Vascularized </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for majority of bodily movement </li></ul><ul><li>Posses myofiliments </li></ul><ul><li>3 Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skeletal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiac </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth </li></ul></ul>Skeletal Cardiac Smooth Muscular Tissue
  29. 29. Skeletal Muscle <ul><li>Attached to Bone </li></ul><ul><li>Forms Flesh </li></ul><ul><li>Cause movement of bones </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle Fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Classified by simple or squamous </li></ul>Cardiac Muscle Smooth Muscle
  30. 30. Cardiac Muscle <ul><li>Found in walls of heart </li></ul><ul><li>Propels Blood </li></ul><ul><li>Uninucleate </li></ul><ul><li>Branching Cells </li></ul>Skeletal Muscle Smooth Muscle
  31. 31. Smooth Muscle <ul><li>No Visible Striations </li></ul><ul><li>Spindle-shaped cells </li></ul><ul><li>Found in walls of hollow organs </li></ul><ul><li>Squeezes substances through organs </li></ul>Skeletal Muscle Cardiac Muscle
  32. 32. Nervous Tissue <ul><li>Main component of Nervous System </li></ul><ul><li>Neurons </li></ul><ul><li>Various Support Cells </li></ul>
  33. 33. Credits <ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tissues- www.bioscience.co.uk/cytomyx.asp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epithelial- nte-serveur.univ-lyon1.fr/.../epithelial1.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Epithelial- micro.magnet.fsu.edu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Columnar-www.bluegrass.kctcs.edu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stratified Epithelial- www.gwc.maricopa.edu/.../histoprc/prac17a.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stratified cuboidal-http://w3.ouhsc.edu/histology/Text%20Sections/Epithelium.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connective Tissue-cytochemistry.net </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connective Tissue Proper- anatomy.iupui.edu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reticular Connective Proper- www.udel.edu/.../histopage/colorpage/cct/cct.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense Irregular-missinglink.ucsf.edu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cartilage- www.abcam.com/ps/datasheet/images/ab13976_1.jpg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All Others picture from- Jordan Rudack, John Peters, Cameron Zachery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscular Tissue- http://www.up.ac.za/academic/medicine/telemed/Hist/spier/spier01e.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By Jordan Rudack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End credits- Kanye West: Good Life </li></ul></ul>

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