Legal citation-Blue book presentation


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An Overview of Blue Book, its history, importance and how the different topics are organized in the book

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Legal citation-Blue book presentation

  1. 1. <ul><li>An Overview of Blue Book, its history, importance and how the different topics are organized in the book. </li></ul><ul><li>Presented By </li></ul><ul><li>Shamreeza Riaz </li></ul><ul><li>LLM Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>International Islamic University Islamabad </li></ul>
  2. 2. Legal Citation Guide <ul><li>Citation guides </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Blue Book? <ul><li>A Uniform System of Citation </li></ul><ul><li>widely used legal citation system in the United States. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is ALWD Citation Manual? <ul><li>ALWD Citation Manual: A Professional System of Citation (3d ed. 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>It is filled with examples of citation forms. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Chicago Manual Style ? <ul><li>A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses writers and for students. </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also called “Maroon book” </li></ul><ul><li>15 th edition available in market </li></ul>
  6. 6. History of Blue Book <ul><li>The Bluebook is compiled by , </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard Law Review </li></ul><ul><li>Columbia Law Review </li></ul><ul><li>University of Pennsylvania Law Review </li></ul><ul><li>Yale Law Journal </li></ul><ul><li>Currently, it is in its 18th edition </li></ul>
  7. 7. Different Topics Organized in Blue Book <ul><li>The 18th edition of the Bluebook governs the style and formatting of various references and elements of a legal publication, including: </li></ul><ul><li>Structure and Use of Citations </li></ul><ul><li>Typefaces for Law Reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Subdivisions </li></ul>
  8. 8. Different Topics Organized in Blue Book <ul><li>Capitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Titles of Judges, Officials, and Terms of Court </li></ul><ul><li>Cases </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutions </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative and Executive Materials </li></ul>
  9. 9. Different Topics Organized in Blue Book <ul><li>Short Citation Forms </li></ul><ul><li>Quotations </li></ul><ul><li>Abbreviations, Numerals, and Symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Italicization for Style and in Unique Circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Periodical Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Unpublished and Forthcoming Sources </li></ul>
  10. 10. Different Topics Organized in Blue Book <ul><li>Electronic Media and Other Nonprinting Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Books, Reports, and Other No periodic Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Materials </li></ul><ul><li>International Materials </li></ul>
  11. 11. Legal Citation <ul><li>Black’s Law Dictionary defines “citation” as: </li></ul><ul><li>“ A reference to a legal precedent or authority, such as a case, statute, or treatise, that either substantiates or contradicts a given position” </li></ul><ul><li>Case citations are used by law professionals to claim strength to there cases and the law. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Case citation <ul><li>Five basic Components, </li></ul><ul><li>Case name </li></ul><ul><li>Published source, in which the case may be found </li></ul><ul><li>A parenthetical indicating the court and year of decision </li></ul><ul><li>Other parenthetical information </li></ul><ul><li>The subsequent history ,if any </li></ul>
  13. 13. Case Citation <ul><li>Miss sadia sumble butt….plaintiff v. Rafiq Afghan and 3 others…..defendant </li></ul><ul><li>Miss sadia sumble butt v. Rafiq Afghan and 3 others </li></ul><ul><li>Sadia v. Rafiq Afghan </li></ul>Oops, It’s a wrong way for Citation
  14. 14. Full case cititation <ul><li>parties name Source court name </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Sadia v. Rafiq 22 PLD 60 Sc 2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Vol. Number case page year published </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Nadeem . A,dissenting, (holding that </li></ul><ul><li>history of case </li></ul><ul><li>Concuring or dis sending opinion </li></ul><ul><li>police officers’ actions did not rise to level of due process violation) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Tips <ul><li>Three forms mostly used, </li></ul><ul><li>Sadia , 22 PLD at 70 </li></ul><ul><li>22 PLD at 70 </li></ul><ul><li>Id. At 100 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Id” is used to refer the immediately authority, its main purpose is to save space and reduce the amount of citation clutter in your writing </li></ul>
  16. 16. Statutes citation <ul><li>Statutes </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Codes& State </li></ul><ul><li>Statute session laws Statute </li></ul>
  17. 17. Federal Statute Citation <ul><li>3 basis components, </li></ul><ul><li>Official name of the act </li></ul><ul><li>Official name of the act </li></ul><ul><li>Published source which the ct may be found </li></ul><ul><li>A parenthetical indication </li></ul><ul><li>Year of publication Year the statue was passed </li></ul><ul><li>state Statute Citation same as Federal Statue Citation </li></ul>
  18. 18. Full Citation <ul><li>name of the act Section No. Year of act passed </li></ul><ul><li>Curt fees act,M.B.H,$ 2006 (1870) </li></ul><ul><li>Publication year of publication </li></ul><ul><li>source </li></ul><ul><li>Alien Tort Claims Act (ACTA), 28 U.S.C. § 1350 (2006). </li></ul>
  19. 19. Codes & session laws <ul><li>Codes are divided into titles </li></ul><ul><li> Chapters Sections </li></ul><ul><li>4 basic components for citation a code, </li></ul><ul><li>Title number </li></ul><ul><li>Abbreviated name </li></ul><ul><li>Section number </li></ul><ul><li>Year of cited code edition </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Title number Section number </li></ul><ul><li>42 CrPC $2,2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Abbreviated name Edition Year </li></ul>
  21. 21. Session Laws <ul><li>Session laws are a bound collection of all statutes enacted by a given legislature , arrange chronologically in the order they were passed. </li></ul><ul><li>4 basic components, </li></ul><ul><li>Official name of law </li></ul><ul><li>Public law number </li></ul><ul><li>Volume number and page number </li></ul><ul><li>Year statute was passed </li></ul>
  22. 22. Session Laws citation <ul><li>Official name of law section no. page no. </li></ul><ul><li>Stamp act Pub.L.No 39, $ 4, 80 state ,931 (1999) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Year statute Public law no Volume no </li></ul>
  23. 23. Rules, regulations and other Publication <ul><li>Basic Components, </li></ul><ul><li>Title number </li></ul><ul><li>Abbreviated set of rules & regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Date of code edition cited </li></ul><ul><li>Note: all these followed the same rule, </li></ul><ul><li>official reports </li></ul><ul><li>slip opinion </li></ul><ul><li>advisory opinion </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>federal taxation material </li></ul><ul><li>treasury regulation </li></ul><ul><li>treasury determination </li></ul><ul><li>stock exchange material </li></ul><ul><li>presidential papers and executive orders </li></ul><ul><li>court administrative orders </li></ul><ul><li>patents. </li></ul><ul><li>Citation : Service Law ruling, </li></ul><ul><li>procedure of increments, $-4,march 2009. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Books, Reports and other non periodic material <ul><li>Main components, </li></ul><ul><li>Author’s full name </li></ul><ul><li>Title of book </li></ul><ul><li>Editor’s name </li></ul><ul><li>Abbreviation for editor </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher, who cited edition </li></ul><ul><li>Year of edition cited </li></ul><ul><li>Original date of publication </li></ul>
  26. 26. Volume, Author (s), Title Pinpoint Cite (edition year). <ul><li>Austin W. Scott, The Law of Trusts § 6.2 (4th ed. 1990). </li></ul><ul><li>Special Book Citation Forms </li></ul><ul><li>Black’s Law Dictionary 45 (7th ed. 1999). </li></ul>
  27. 27. Articles <ul><li>Consecutively non-consecutively </li></ul>
  28. 28. Citing Consecutively Articles <ul><li>Author(s), Title , Periodical Name (year) (parenthetical). </li></ul><ul><li>James Smith, Reflections on the Prosecution of War Crimes by International Tribunals , 100 Am. J. Int’l L. 551 (2006) (discussing the Nuremberg trials). </li></ul>
  29. 29. Citing Non-Consecutively Articles <ul><li>Author(s), Title , Periodical Name, Date of Issue, at Page. </li></ul><ul><li>Rachel Williams, Council Found Liable for Birth Defects , Med. L. Rev., Wed. 29, 2009, at 2. </li></ul>
  30. 30. ELECTRONIC RESOURCES Commercial Internet Electronic Databases Citations
  31. 31. Commercial Electronic Databases <ul><li>the Bluebook is referring to Westlaw and Lexis (though there are others like LoisLaw). </li></ul><ul><li>Normally 3 databases are cited, </li></ul><ul><li>Cases Statutes Other sources </li></ul>
  32. 32. Cases citation <ul><li>Case name; docket number; database identifier; court name; full date. </li></ul><ul><li>Davis v. James , No. 99-5037, 2000 U.S. App. LEXIS 2525 (D.C. Cir. Feb. 22, 2000). </li></ul>
  33. 33. Statutes citation <ul><li>in the parenthetical indicate the database, publisher and how current the database is (comparable to the copyright year of the hard copy). Remember Rule 18 - only if it is unavailable </li></ul><ul><li>Mont. Code Ann. § 2-4-7 (West, Westlaw through 2000 legislation). </li></ul>
  34. 34. Other Sources <ul><li>Indicate any database identifiers and if it is unclear, which database is being used in the parenthetical. </li></ul><ul><li>H.R. 2650, 108th Cong. § 44(c) (2000), 2000 CONG US HR 4001 (Westlaw). </li></ul>
  35. 35. Internet Citations <ul><li>Internet Access in two ways </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Citation parallel Citation </li></ul><ul><li>Author; title/statute/case name; pagination (publication date); URL </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Direct Citation: </li></ul><ul><li>Tom Parfitt, 'Father of the Turkmen' dies 66 , Guardian Newspaper, December 21, 2006,,1976842,00.html . </li></ul><ul><li>parallel Citation: </li></ul><ul><li>Town of Concord 2007 Community Preservation Plan , Concord Community Preservation Committee (Sep. 25, 2006), available at </li></ul>
  37. 37. Books/Aids on the Bluebook <ul><li>Understanding and Mastering The Bluebook </li></ul><ul><li>A Hands-On Guide to Learning Citation Form </li></ul><ul><li>User’s Guide to The Bluebook </li></ul><ul><li>The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Writing Citation </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>