The Great Depression Hardships Pp

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The Great Depression Hardships Pp

  1. 1. Great Depression Hardships & Suffering
  2. 2. <ul><li>-During the Depression Americans did what they had to do to survive. </li></ul><ul><li>-Depression brought hardship, homelessness and hunger to millions . </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>How did people struggle to survive the Great Depression? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the Depression affect men, women and children? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the Dust Bowl? </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Depression Devastates
  5. 5. Hardships
  6. 6. Suffering
  7. 7. Depression In the Cities <ul><li>Lost Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Evicted from Homes </li></ul><ul><li>People slept in parks and sewer pipes </li></ul><ul><li>Hooverblanket </li></ul><ul><li>Hooverville </li></ul><ul><li>Soup kitchens </li></ul><ul><li>Breadlines </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hoovervilles
  9. 9. Soup kitchens and Breadlines
  10. 10. Hooverblankets
  11. 11. African-Americans and Latinos … <ul><li>Highest Unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest paid </li></ul><ul><li>Racial Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Lynchings </li></ul><ul><li>Deportations </li></ul>
  12. 12. Depression in Rural Areas <ul><li>Falling Crop prices </li></ul><ul><li>Rising debt </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 farm foreclosures </li></ul><ul><li>Had to tenant farm </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Dust Bowl <ul><li>Overproduction of land </li></ul><ul><li>Unsuitable for farming </li></ul><ul><li>Droughts </li></ul><ul><li>Windstorms </li></ul><ul><li>KS,CO,TX,NM,OK </li></ul>
  14. 21. Farmer Exodus <ul><li>Farmers and Families pack –up </li></ul><ul><li>Head West on Route 66 </li></ul><ul><li>California </li></ul><ul><li>“ Okies” </li></ul><ul><li>The Grapes of Wrath </li></ul>
  15. 24. Family Life <ul><li>Emphasis on Family </li></ul><ul><li>Stayed at home </li></ul><ul><li>Played Board Games </li></ul><ul><li>Monopoly ( 1933) </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Neighborhood help </li></ul>
  16. 26. Men in the Streets <ul><li>Men could not support their families </li></ul><ul><li>Some even abandoned them </li></ul><ul><li>300,000 became “Hoboes” </li></ul><ul><li>No Direct relief from the Fed. Gov, NYC $2.39 per Family </li></ul>
  17. 31. Women Struggle <ul><li>Many Women canned food or sewed clothes to make money. </li></ul><ul><li>Faced resentment that they had it easier than men. </li></ul><ul><li>Many thought married women should not hold jobs with men out of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Received less money than men. </li></ul>
  18. 34. Children Suffer <ul><li>Poor Diets =Malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Rickets, other diseases </li></ul><ul><li>2,600 schools closed </li></ul><ul><li>300,000 out of school </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hoover Tourists” </li></ul><ul><li>“ If I leave my mother, it will mean one less mouth to feed.” Eugene Williams 13 </li></ul>
  19. 38. Social and Psychological Effects <ul><li>1928-1932 Suicide rate rose by 30%. </li></ul><ul><li>3x admittance to mental hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>No doctors or dentists </li></ul><ul><li>No college for young people </li></ul><ul><li>No marriage, or children </li></ul><ul><li>Distrust of banks and the market </li></ul><ul><li>Habits of Savings and Thriftiness </li></ul>
  20. 43. The End

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