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The Library's "Place"


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This PowerPoint was made for Dr. Bergquist's Public Libraries Seminar (INLS 843) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the spring of 2010.

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The Library's "Place"

  1. 1. The Library’s “Place”<br />Image from<br />Lucy Hart Peaden | Dr. Ron Bergquist | INLS 843: Public Libraries Seminar | 26 February 2010<br />
  2. 2. A university is just a group of buildings gathered around a library.--Shelby Foote<br />Is a community just a group of buildings gathered around a library?<br />Doeslocation matter?<br />
  3. 3. Agenda<br />A Brief History<br />Themes throughout History and Summary Points<br />What’s your opinion?<br />Library Spatial Research<br />Geographic Information Systems (GIS)<br />Closing Thoughts<br />Reading Suggestions<br />
  4. 4. A Brief History of Public Library Locations<br /><ul><li>emergence; prestigious structure in elite neighborhood
  5. 5. Carnegie; library building expiration date; libraries a mile apart from each other
  6. 6. Joseph Wheeler; downtown; location first (then the rest), no old buildings, rent
  7. 7. Great Depression; “superbranches”; post-WWII; suburbia; automobiles
  8. 8. Library Services Act (1956); more ALA involvement
  9. 9. War on Poverty, Civil Rights Movement, counterculture; Library Services and Construction Act (1964)
  10. 10. more diversified; focus on ethnic service centers; Public Library Mission Statement and Its Imperatives for Service
  11. 11. less social reform; more research about location; libraries without walls
  12. 12. less construction because of economy; focus on location
  13. 13. Internet; creative spaces; PLGDB</li></ul>2010s and beyond…?<br />
  14. 14. Themes throughout History and Summary Points<br /><ul><li>discussion influenced by social norms of the day
  15. 15. no clear consensus; ebb and flow</li></ul>1) location is a major determinant of use<br />2) optimal location = accessible to <br />greatest number of users<br />3) retail site selection methods are <br /> considered valuable by librarians<br />2010s and beyond…?<br />
  16. 16. What’s your opinion?<br />downtown vs. near school, park, etc?<br />stand-alone building vs. part of larger structure (such as mall)<br />parking lots vs. side street parking<br />old vs. new structures<br />
  17. 17. Library Spatial Research<br />Past research has found that distance is the most important determinant in library use.<br />distance users live from the library: most usually live within two miles<br />Shaughnessy (1970): “a distance of ten to fifteen miles or 20 to 30 minutes of travel time marks the practical limit of a central library’s range.”<br /><ul><li>distance between facilities
  18. 18. market area distance range
  19. 19. distance and elasticity of demand
  20. 20. distance and quality or attractiveness of service
  21. 21. distance and library effectiveness</li></li></ul><li>Library Spatial Research<br />Demographic and consumer behavior patterns<br />non-demographic factors<br />accessibility (user proximity <br /> to the library)<br />accessibility (mode of travel)<br />shopping patterns<br />communication<br />non-demographic user characteristics<br />lifestyle<br />social roles<br />
  22. 22. Library Spatial Research<br />Demographic user and potential user characteristics<br />univariate studies<br />degree of urbanization and population density<br />income<br />age<br />political activity<br />multivariate studies<br />education, life cycle, urban residence<br />education, sex, age<br />education, age<br />education, income, occupation<br />education, income, family life cycle<br />education, occupation<br />Race<br />Re-siting, closing, and opening<br />
  23. 23. Geographic Information System Use<br />simplifies the process of analyzing market area data<br />GIS: <br />produces geographic references such as address and voting district<br />maintains and is capable of calculating the relationship among geographic features<br />indentifies and analyzes library market profiles<br />capable of providing descriptions, explanations, predictions and judgements<br />community analysis, market area profile, land selection<br /><br />
  24. 24. Closing Thoughts<br />Does location matter?<br />Is the idea that the location makes or breaks the effectiveness of the library too doom and gloom?<br />How can librarians be active players?<br />What are some approaches you think are correct? Which ones are incorrect?<br />
  25. 25. Additional Reading<br />The County of Fresno. (2003). The Heart of a Community: Its Public Library. Meeting Library Needs for Fresno County Residents: 2002-2020. Fresno County, CA: Fresno County Board of Supervisors.<br />Koontz, C.M. (2007). A History of Location of U.S. Public Libraries Within Community Place and Space: Evolving <br /> Implications for the Library’s Mission of Equitable Service. Public Library Quarterly, 26(1/2). doi: 10.1300/J118v26n01_05 <br />---. (1997). Library Facility Siting and Location Handbook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.<br />---. (2001). The Location of Your Library Building: Why It Is Important, and How to Do it, Using GIS (Geographic <br /> Information System Software). In M.-F. Bisbrouk (ed.), Library Buildings in a Changing Environment (pp. <br />141-153). München: K.G. Saur. <br />---. (1992). Public Library Site Evaluation and Location: Past and Present Market-Based Modeling Tools for the <br /> Future. Library & Information Science Research, 14 (4), 379-409.<br />---. (1994). Retail Location Theory: Can It Help Solve the Public Library Location Dilemma? In J. M. Greiner (ed.), <br /> Research Issues in Public Librarianship (pp. 171-181). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.<br />---. (2002). Where do Our Library Customers Live (and Why Should We Care?). Retrieved from <br /><br />Marcum, Deanna B. (1996). Redefining Community through the Public Library. Daedalus, 125 (4, Books, Bricks, and <br /> Bytes), 191-205. Retrieved from<br />WBDG Staff. (2009). Public Library. Retrieved from<br />