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COPYRIGHT PROTECTION Manthan 2007 Bangalore, December 13, 2007 Nandan Kamath
The Statute of Anne, 1710 <ul><li>Anno Octavo Annæ Reginæ. </li></ul><ul><li>An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by ...
What is Copyright? <ul><li>Limited Legal Monopoly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited in Scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limite...
Why Do We Have Copyright? <ul><li>Social and economic bargain </li></ul><ul><li>Incentivise Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>I...
Copyright is… <ul><li>… Control! </li></ul><ul><li>The copyright owner decides and determines how the protected work is us...
Copyright is Limited <ul><li>Limited Duration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life+60 years from death of author </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Copyright Law Basics <ul><li>What works enjoy copyright protection? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literary work </li></ul></ul><ul...
Copyright Law Basics <ul><li>Who can enjoy copyright protection? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Owner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Fair Use and Fair Dealing <ul><li>the purpose and character of the use; </li></ul><ul><li>the nature of the copyrighted wo...
The Public Domain <ul><li>Works that are “off-copyright” are contributed to the public domain for unlicensed use by all. <...
Some Rules of Thumb <ul><li>If it’s worth copying it’s probably copyrighted! </li></ul><ul><li>Because it’s easy to do or ...
More Rules of Thumb <ul><li>If you’re gaining commercially using someone else’s original work without permission you are p...
Copyright and Libraries <ul><li>The “first sale” doctrine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After the first sale, distinguishes rights...
Copyright and Book Publishing <ul><li>Books as copyrightable “compilations” of multiple individually copyrightable works <...
Pratham Books – Copyright
In Conclusion… <ul><li>Technological developments are asking serious questions of copyright law - One can expect the notio...
[email_address] The Law Offices of Nandan Kamath   Questions?  Comments?
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Copyright for Publishers

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Copyright for Publishers

  1. 1. COPYRIGHT PROTECTION Manthan 2007 Bangalore, December 13, 2007 Nandan Kamath
  2. 2. The Statute of Anne, 1710 <ul><li>Anno Octavo Annæ Reginæ. </li></ul><ul><li>An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by Vesting the Copies of Printed Books in the Authors or Purchasers of such Copies, during the Times therein mentioned. </li></ul><ul><li>Whereas Printers, Booksellers, and other Persons, have of late frequently taken the Liberty of Printing, Reprinting, and Publishing, or causing to be Printed, Reprinted, and Published Books, and other Writings, without the Consent of the Authors or Proprietors of such Books and Writings, to their very great Detriment, and too often to the Ruin of them and their Families: For Preventing therefore such Practices for the future, and for the Encouragement of Learned Men to Compose and Write useful Books… </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Copyright? <ul><li>Limited Legal Monopoly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited in Scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited in Duration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Original works of authorship </li></ul><ul><li>Protected Expression, Unprotected Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Bundle of rights </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Do We Have Copyright? <ul><li>Social and economic bargain </li></ul><ul><li>Incentivise Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas and their embodiments are “public” goods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-rival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-excludable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Motivate publication of works </li></ul>
  5. 5. Copyright is… <ul><li>… Control! </li></ul><ul><li>The copyright owner decides and determines how the protected work is used, published and enjoyed during the term of copyright. Others may only exercise these rights as licensees or purchasers of the rights. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Copyright is Limited <ul><li>Limited Duration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life+60 years from death of author </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limited Scope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fair Dealing for educational, research, newsreporting, criticism, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outside duration and scope – works are in Public Domain </li></ul>
  7. 7. Copyright Law Basics <ul><li>What works enjoy copyright protection? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literary work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compilations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dramatic work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Musical work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artistic work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cinematograph films </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound recordings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer programmes/software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What are the exclusive rights enjoyed? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reproduce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publish/Perform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapt/Translate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribute </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Copyright Law Basics <ul><li>Who can enjoy copyright protection? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Owner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Author </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Work Made For Hire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transferee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Licensee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assignee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>What constitutes infringement? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlicensed exercise of exclusive rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil and criminal remedies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary infringement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary infringement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowing Contribution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Active Facilitation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Fair Use and Fair Dealing <ul><li>the purpose and character of the use; </li></ul><ul><li>the nature of the copyrighted work; </li></ul><ul><li>the amount and substantiality of the portion used; and </li></ul><ul><li>the effect of the use upon the potential market. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Public Domain <ul><li>Works that are “off-copyright” are contributed to the public domain for unlicensed use by all. </li></ul><ul><li>The “copyleft” movement attempts to replenish the cultural commons by adding works to the public domain for non-commercial use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Viral license terms - what is built while taking from commons remains a part of the commons </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Some Rules of Thumb <ul><li>If it’s worth copying it’s probably copyrighted! </li></ul><ul><li>Because it’s easy to do or technically possible doesn’t mean it’s legal! </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright doesn’t protect ideas, only the expression of ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>You can only exercise and pass on rights that you have. </li></ul>
  12. 12. More Rules of Thumb <ul><li>If you’re gaining commercially using someone else’s original work without permission you are probably violating their rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-profits aren’t immune from copyright laws. </li></ul><ul><li>One copyrightable work might infringe another. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Copyright and Libraries <ul><li>The “first sale” doctrine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After the first sale, distinguishes rights of owner of content from the owner of the medium embodying content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free to lend, resell, give away, destoy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May not copy </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Copyright and Book Publishing <ul><li>Books as copyrightable “compilations” of multiple individually copyrightable works </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher’s legal liability </li></ul><ul><li>Moral rights of authors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alteration </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Pratham Books – Copyright
  16. 16. In Conclusion… <ul><li>Technological developments are asking serious questions of copyright law - One can expect the notion of copyright to change drastically sooner rather than later. </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity to and respect for copyright law send a strong message of professionalism. </li></ul><ul><li>When dealing with content, if in doubt regarding copyright issues, seek legal help and do not presume anything. Just because something makes sense doesn’t mean it’s the law. </li></ul>
  17. 17. [email_address] The Law Offices of Nandan Kamath Questions? Comments?

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