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Asthma

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Asthma

  1. 1. Asthma<br />
  2. 2. Asthma<br /> inflammation of air passages causing temporary narrowing of airways that transport air from nose and mouth to lungs<br />
  3. 3. Symptoms<br /> allergens or irritants are inhaled into lungs, resulting in inflamed, clogged and constricted airways. <br />
  4. 4. Symptoms<br /> Difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing, and tightness in chest. <br />
  5. 5. Deadly<br /> In severe cases, asthma can be deadly<br />
  6. 6. Cure <br /> There is no cure for asthma<br />
  7. 7. Management<br /> Asthma can be managed with proper prevention and treatment. <br />
  8. 8. Genetics<br /> If one parent has asthma, chances are 1 in 3 that each child will have asthma. <br />
  9. 9. Genetics<br /> If both parents have asthma, 7 in 10 children will have asthma. <br />
  10. 10. Common Disease<br /> It is one of this country&apos;s most common and costly diseases. <br />
  11. 11. Cost<br />The annual cost of asthma is estimated to be $18 billion.<br />
  12. 12. Every Day Facts<br />40,000 people miss school or work <br />30,000 people have an asthma attack<br />
  13. 13. Every Day Facts <br />5,000 people visit the emergency room due to asthma. <br />1,000 people are admitted to the hospital due to asthma. <br />11 people die from asthma.<br />
  14. 14. Prevalence <br /> 20 million Americans suffer from asthma <br />(1 in 15) <br />
  15. 15. Prevalence<br />Nearly 5 million asthma sufferers are under age 18. It is the most common chronic childhood disease, affecting more than 1in 20. <br />
  16. 16. Morbidity<br />Asthma is the #1 cause of school absences. More than 14 million missed days of school. <br />
  17. 17. Treatment<br />Most people with persistent asthma use a combination of long-term control and quick-relief medications<br />
  18. 18. Long-term control medications<br /> These medications need to be taken every day<br />Inhaled corticosteroid.<br />Long-acting beta-2 agonists (LABAs)<br />Leukotrienemodifiers<br />Cromolyn and nedocromil (Tilade).<br />Theophylline<br />
  19. 19. Quick-relief medications<br />Also called rescue medications are used during an attack.<br />Short-acting beta-2 agonists<br />Ipratropium (Atrovent) <br />Oral and intravenous corticosteroids<br />
  20. 20. Medications for allergy-induced asthma<br />These decrease body sensitivity to a particular allergen or prevent immune system from reacting to allergens.<br />Immunotherapy<br />Anti-IgE monoclonal antibodies<br />

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