Student Work - PCOS


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Student Work - PCOS

  1. 2. BY: M’BALU KANU Alexis Washington Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
  2. 3. Words You Need To Know <ul><li>Hormones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical messengers that transfer signals from one cell to another </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cyst </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A closed sac that may contain air, fluids, or semi-solid material. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infertility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is defined as not being able to get pregnant after at least one year of trying </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. What is PCOS? <ul><li>It is an endocrine disorder commonly characterized by enlarged ovaries with multiple small cysts. </li></ul><ul><li>Fun Fact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PCOS was originally discovered by Stein-Leventhal in 1935 when they performed a study on a group of women with abnormal periods, infertility, and abnormal hair growth </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. What is PCOS? Cont. <ul><li>PCOS is a health problem that can effect a woman's menstrual cycle, ability to have children, hormones, heart, blood vessels, and appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Fun Fact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most researchers think that PCOS runs in the family due to the fact that most women who have PCOS tend to have a sister or mother with PCOS as well. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. So What? <ul><li>SYMPTOMS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signs of PCOS are abnormal hair growth, irregular periods, over production of male hormones, acne, pelvic pain, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quiz Question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the main function of the endocrine system? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Causes of PCOS <ul><li>PCOS is caused partially by the over-production of male hormones and the cysts on the ovaries. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Normal hormone cycles are disrupted. Hormones regulate different functions throughout the body. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thus the abnormal hair growth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In PCOS, eggs build up in the ovaries and form the cysts, this build up results in low levels of female hormones and high levels of male hormones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thus the abnormal periods and abnormal hair growth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fun Fact </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PCOS is often diagnosed by gyaecologists </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Major Result of PCOS <ul><li>PCOS can result in infertility due to the cysts present on the ovaries. </li></ul>
  8. 9. What can you do to treat it? <ul><li>Fertility Medication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Losing the ability to have children is a huge aspect of PCOS, fertility medication allows women with PCOS to ovulate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diabetes medication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowers testosterone production, slows abnormal hair growth, and ovulation may return </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Birth control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Birth control helps to control menstrual periods and reduce the over production of male hormones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fun Fact </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hirsutism is the term used for abnormal hair growth in women </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. What can you do to treat it? cont. <ul><li>Women can also undergo surgery known as ovarian drilling. </li></ul><ul><li>A doctor inserts a telescope into your bellybutton and pokes your ovary with a needle destroying a small portion of the ovary </li></ul><ul><li>This procedure lowers the amount of testosterone being produced dramatically </li></ul>
  10. 11. PCOS Post-Quiz <ul><li>What is the major result of PCOS? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the surgery to treat PCOS called? </li></ul><ul><li>What major system is effected by PCOS? </li></ul><ul><li>What year was PCOS discovered? </li></ul><ul><li>What is one of the symptoms of PCOS? </li></ul>
  11. 12. For More Information <ul><li>Visit: or contact the National Women's Health Information Center (NWHIC) at 1-800-994-9662 </li></ul>
  12. 13. References <ul><li>&quot;Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.&quot; . April 2007. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 30 Jun 2008 . </li></ul><ul><li>Images. . </li></ul><ul><li>Intial ppt. image. </li></ul><ul><li>Ledger, Author's first name initialWL, & Clark, T (2006). LONG-TERM CONSEQUENCES OF POLYCYSTIC OVARY. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists . 33 , </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia: Hirsutism. </li></ul>