Leisure Activities In America


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Leisure Activities In America

  1. 1. Leisure Activities in America: 19 th Century By Sylvia Marohn
  2. 2. Everyone Went Hunting (fox hunting in Charlottesville, Virginia, circa 1870) Hunting was practiced by the upper class and farmers -farmers hunted a lot for food and sometimes for sport -the upper class hunted mainly for sport <ul><li>WHAT THEY HUNTED </li></ul><ul><li>Fox </li></ul><ul><li>Pheasant </li></ul><ul><li>Grouse </li></ul>
  3. 3. Americans occasionally hunted exotic animals like Puma
  4. 4. Quality Printing After the Civil War Influenced Leisure Activities <ul><li>Advances in advertising led to “trade card” publications (equating to modern day calling cards or business cards) </li></ul><ul><li>Nicer books with better pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Advertisement of Opera, Theatre, and Minstrel Shows </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gardening Wasn’t Just for Food Anymore <ul><li>Consider the famous Victorian Flower Gardens </li></ul>
  6. 6. In the Late Part of the 19 th Century Edison’s Phonograph Opened Up a Whole New World for America Thomas Alva Edison, 1877
  7. 7. Leisure Time Activities <ul><li>Bicycling </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Walking </li></ul><ul><li>Canoeing </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming </li></ul><ul><li>Skating </li></ul><ul><li>Bobsledding </li></ul>(From the 1800’s)
  8. 8. Women <ul><li>Took part in few sports but most leisure activities took place around the home </li></ul><ul><li>visiting </li></ul><ul><li>Sewing bee’s </li></ul><ul><li>Correspondence </li></ul><ul><li>Singing and playing musical instruments </li></ul><ul><li>(Nice girls didn’t sweat) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Dancing <ul><li>Lower classes had country dances </li></ul><ul><li>The waltz in high society dances led to criticism that dancing perpetuated ‘licentious’ behavior </li></ul><ul><li>The Polka came from Germany to the US around 1844. It was wildly popular. </li></ul>
  10. 10. By the End of the 19 th Century <ul><li>High Society Balls shifted emphasis from dancing to German influenced parlor games called “Cotillion Games.” </li></ul><ul><li>They featured expensive prizes </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Next Wave of Popular Dance <ul><li>Occurred in the end of the 19 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Came from the lower classes </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of Ragtime </li></ul>Scott Joplin
  12. 12. Popular Sports <ul><li>Boxing </li></ul><ul><li>Cricket </li></ul><ul><li>Baseball </li></ul><ul><li>Skating </li></ul><ul><li>Golf </li></ul>One of the earliest “moving pictures” of American boxing (circa 1880): Gloves have been worn by boxers only since 1892.
  13. 13. Cricket <ul><li>America’s first bat and ball sport </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes animals would stop the play of the game (like when pigs would run across the “field”) </li></ul><ul><li>Baseball overtook cricket by popular demand </li></ul>
  14. 14. Baseball <ul><li>Popularity of the sport inspired semi and fully professional baseball clubs in the 1860’s </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1870’s newspapers referred to baseball as the “National Pastime” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Skating <ul><li>In the middle part of the 19 th century, E.V. Bushnell of Philadelphia, PA invented a lighter, sharper all steel blade to add speed to what was once a leisurely activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson Hines, a famous American skater invented a two plate all metal blade in 1865, and in the 1870’s he added the first ‘toe-pick’ to skates. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Golf <ul><li>St. Andrews was one of the oldest golf clubs in America. It was established in Yonkers, New York in 1888. </li></ul><ul><li>Golf was for the elite. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Card Playing <ul><li>Card playing was very popular </li></ul><ul><li>The “Joker” was an American invention </li></ul><ul><li>Decks of cards printed before the Civil War contained religious symbols. </li></ul>
  18. 18. A Civil War Card Game.
  19. 19. Images Cited http:// images.google.com/imgres?imgurl =http://www.charlottesville-area-real-estate.com/Geo%2520Washington.jpg&imgrefurl= http://www.charlottesville-area-real-estate.com/Fox_Hunting.html&h =580&w=463&sz=47&hl= en&start =16&tbnid=8vV6bF8cE1DF1M:&tbnh=134&tbnw=107&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dhunting%2Bfor%2Bfox%2Bin%2Bamerica%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den http://farm1.static.flickr.com/140/348907907_fd9cfc174d.jpg?v=0 http://www.theflowerexpert.com/media/images/miscellaneous/flowersandhistory/victorian-flowers.jpg http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.lyricsvault.net/history/edisonhome.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.lyricsvault.net/history/EdisonCylinderPhonograph.html&h=200&w=198&sz=6&hl=en&start=5&tbnid=tiRx103tm7YQqM:&tbnh=104&tbnw=103&prev=/images%3Fq%3DEdison%2527s%2BPhonograph%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG http://www.bicycle-bill.com/fiets430.gif http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://library.mcmaster.ca/archives/images/samslickgame.jpg&imgrefurl=http://library.mcmaster.ca/php/blog.php%3Fdisplay%3Dfull%26f%3Dbrowse%26s1%3D%26category%3D1%26month%3D%26searchday%3D%26id%3D&h=1360&w=2048&sz=268&hl=en&start=5&tbnid=V9PM8R3rT9_IFM:&tbnh=100&tbnw=150&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dparlor%2Bgames%2Bof%2BVictorian%2BAmerica%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den http://www.us-coin-values-advisor.com/images/Ragtime.jpg http://www.thevillager.com/villager_187/box.gif http://home.columbus.rr.com/doclawson/vbb/londonbb.JPG http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2173/2443469651_dbd623fd50.jpg http://artfiles.art.com/images/-/Barbara-Shipman/Antique-Golf-Clubs-Print-I10329747.jpeg http://www.old-picture.com/civil-war/pictures/Card-Game.jpg http://www.dxpo-playingcards.com/images/joker04-07.jpg
  20. 20. Information Obtained from: http://www.lancasterhistory.org/collections/exhibitions/Baseball/baseball1.htm http://www.recordonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080703/ENTERTAIN/807040301/-1/ENTERTAIN08 http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/119542402/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0 http://clutch.open.ac.uk/schools/willen99/w_leisure/Vichobs/vichob.html http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE1DA1630F934A25756C0A964958260 http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761571782&pn=6&vv=600 http://www.burrows.com/other/manners.html http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/19th_century_tcard/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Playing_cards