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indian independnce

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  1. 2. <ul><li>Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) was the leader of the great movement, Independence for India. When the World War II broke out, Gandhi and his party (The Indian National Congress) had offered “non-violent moral support” but the British denied them so Gandhi decided that India would not help Britain fight the War against their enemies (Nazi’s and Jap’s). Soon Gandhi drafted a resolution called “Quit India”. This was aimed at securing the British exit from Indian shores. Gandhi was criticized by both people who were supporting the British and anti-British. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Quit India was one of the most forceful movement in the history of mankind with thousands of freedom fighters killed or injured and hundred of thousands more arrested. During this campaign, Gandhi and his supporters noted clearly that they would not support the British unless India was granted immediate independence. Gandhi even said that this time, even if individual acts of violence were committed that they would not stop. He told all Congressmen and Indians to maintain Ahimsa (Non-violence) and Karo Ya Maro (Do or Die) to achieve their ultimate freedom. In doing this, Gandhi and the entire congress committee were arrested in Bombay on 9 th August 1942. Gandhi was held for 2 years in the Aga Khan Palace. During this, his 50 year old secretary Mahadev Desai died of a heart attack and his wife (Kasturba) died on 22 nd February 1944 (after 18 months of imprisonment). </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Gandhi was released on 6 th May 1944 because He was sick from Malaria, Raj released Gandhi because if he died in Prison, then it would rage Indian and cause chaos. At the end of the war in 1944, Britain gave clear information that the power would be given to Indians. After this, Gandhi called off the movement considering a success and 100,000 and more prisoners were released. Britain then in 1944 agreed that they would give India back their independence only if the Muslim league and the Congress party would resolve their differences. Then in 1947 India was granted its independence, also when India and Pakistan became separate states. But riots happened so many happened in Calcutta, Gandhi fasted until the riots stopped. Then finally, India got their ultimate peace. </li></ul>