Chapter 6


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  • Chapter 6

    1. 1. Franchising and the Entrepreneur Chapter 6 Chapter 6: Franchising
    2. 2. The Franchising Boom !!! <ul><li>Annual sales of more than $1 trillion of almost every product or service imaginable. </li></ul><ul><li>Franchise sales account for 44 percent of total retail sales. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 3,000 franchisers operating some 350,000 outlets in the United States. </li></ul>Boom!
    3. 3. The Franchising Boom !!! <ul><li>Franchises employ one in every 16 workers in the U.S. in more than 100 major industries. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic impact of franchising on the U.S. economy: $1.5 trillion. </li></ul><ul><li>A new franchise opens somewhere in the world every six-and-a-half minutes. </li></ul>Boom!
    4. 4. Franchising <ul><li>A system in which semi-independent business owners (franchisees) pay fees and royalties to a parent company (franchiser) in return for the right to become identified with its trademark, to sell its products or services, and often to use its business format and system. </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Franchising Relationship The Franchiser The Franchisee Oversees and approves; may choose site Provides prototype design Makes general recommendations and training suggestions Determines product or service line Can only recommend prices Establishes quality standards; provides list of approved suppliers; may require franchisees to purchase from the franchisor Develops and coordinates national ad campaign; may require minimum level of spending on local advertising Sets quality standards and enforces them with inspections; trains franchisees Provides support through an established business system Chooses site with franchiser’s approval Pays for and implements design Hires, manages, and fires employees Modifies only with franchiser’s approval Sets final prices Must meet quality standards; must purchase only from approved suppliers; must purchase from supplier if required. Pays for national ad campaign; complies with local advertising requirements; gets franchisor approval on local ads Maintains quality standards; trains employees to implement quality systems Operates business on a day-to-day basis with franchiser’s support Site selection Design Employees Products and services Prices Purchasing Advertising Quality control Support Element Source: Adapted from Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses: A Study for the International Franchise Association , National Economic Consulting Practice of PriceWaterhouseCoopers, (IFA Educational Foundation, New York: 2004), pp. 3,5.
    6. 6. Types of Franchising <ul><li>Tradename </li></ul><ul><li>Product distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Pure (Business format) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Franchising Basics <ul><li>Franchisee gets the right to use all of the elements of a fully integrated business operation. </li></ul><ul><li>Essence of what franchisees purchase from the franchisers: Experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Key Question: What can a franchise do for me that I cannot do for myself? </li></ul>
    8. 8. Benefits of Franchising <ul><li>Management training and support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start-up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ongoing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brand name appeal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Cloning” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Standardized quality of goods and services </li></ul>
    9. 9. Benefits of Franchising <ul><li>National advertising program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Franchisees contribute 1 percent to 5 percent of sales </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Financial assistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only one-third of franchisers offer financial assistance to franchisees. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SBA – Franchise Registry </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Benefits of Franchising <ul><li>Proven products and business formats </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized buying power </li></ul><ul><li>Site selection and territorial protection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Important issue: Territorial encroachment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greater chance for success </li></ul>
    11. 11.
    12. 12. Drawbacks of Franchising <ul><li>Franchise fees and ongoing royalties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Average initial franchise investment (excluding real estate) = $318,975 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Royalties range from 1 percent to 11 percent of franchisees’ sales </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strict adherence to standardized operations </li></ul><ul><li>Restrictions on purchasing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approved suppliers only </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Drawbacks of Franchising <ul><li>Limited product line </li></ul><ul><li>Contract terms and renewal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Average term = 10.3 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unsatisfactory training programs </li></ul><ul><li>Market saturation </li></ul><ul><li>Less freedom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Happy prisoners” </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Ten Myths of Franchising <ul><li>1. Franchising is the safest way to go into business because franchises never fail. </li></ul><ul><li>2. I’ll be able to open my franchise for less money than the franchiser estimates. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The bigger the franchise organization, the more successful I’ll be. </li></ul><ul><li>4. I’ll use 80 percent of the franchiser’s business system, but I’ll improve upon it by substituting my experience and know-how. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Ten Myths of Franchising <ul><li>5. All franchises are the same. </li></ul><ul><li>6. I don’t have to be a hands-on manager. I can be an absentee owner and still be very successful. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Anyone can be a satisfied, successful franchise owner. </li></ul>(Continued)
    16. 16. Ten Myths of Franchising <ul><li>8. Franchising is the cheapest way to get into business for yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>9. The franchiser will solve my business problems for me; after all, that’s why I pay an ongoing royalty fee. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Once I open my franchise, I’ll be able to run things the way I want to. </li></ul>(Continued)
    17. 17. Franchising and the Law <ul><li>Uniform Franchise Offering Circular (UFOC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires franchisers to disclose to potential franchisees information on 23 important topics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Idea is to give franchisees the information they need to protect themselves from dishonest franchisers and to make good investment decisions </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Detecting Dishonest Franchisers <ul><li>Claims that the contract is “standard; no need to read it.” </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to provide a copy of the required disclosure documents. </li></ul><ul><li>Marginally successful prototype or no prototype. </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly prepared operations manual. </li></ul><ul><li>Promises of future earnings with no documentation. </li></ul><ul><li>High franchisee turnover or termination rate. </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual amount of litigation by franchisees. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Detecting Dishonest Franchisers <ul><li>Attempts to discourage your attorney from evaluating the contract before signing it. </li></ul><ul><li>No written documentation. </li></ul><ul><li>A high pressure sale. </li></ul><ul><li>Claims to be exempt from federal disclosure laws. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Get rich quick” schemes, promising huge profits with minimal effort. </li></ul><ul><li>Reluctance to provide a list of existing franchisees. </li></ul><ul><li>Evasive, vague answers to your questions. </li></ul>(Continued)
    20. 20. The Right Way to Buy a Franchise <ul><li>Evaluate yourself - What do you like and dislike? </li></ul><ul><li>Research your market. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider your franchise options. </li></ul><ul><li>Get a copy of the franchiser’s Uniform Franchise Offering Circular (UFOC) and read it. </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to existing franchisees. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask the franchiser some tough questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Make your choice. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Factors That Make a Franchise Appealing <ul><li>Unique concept or marketing approach </li></ul><ul><li>Profitability </li></ul><ul><li>Registered trademark </li></ul><ul><li>Business system that works </li></ul><ul><li>Solid training program </li></ul><ul><li>Affordability </li></ul><ul><li>Positive relationship with franchisees </li></ul>
    22. 22. Trends Shaping Franchising <ul><li>Changing face of franchisees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better educated with more business acumen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multiple-unit franchising </li></ul><ul><ul><li>11 percent of franchisees operate multiple outlets (and growing) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 500 U.S. franchisers now have international locations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smaller, nontraditional locations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intercept marketing </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Trends Shaping Franchising <ul><li>Conversion franchising </li></ul><ul><ul><li>72 percent of North American franchisers use as a growth strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Master franchising </li></ul><ul><li>Piggybacking (or combination or multi-branded franchising) </li></ul><ul><li>Serving dual-career couples and baby boomers </li></ul>