Colonial America 2


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  • King James allowed them to go to VirginiaLongon merchants agreed to pay for the voyage. The pilgrims agreed to repay the debt by sending back lumber and firs.
  • Colonial America 2

    1. 1. Ch. 7 Lesson 4<br />Plymouth Colony<br />
    2. 2. Big Picture<br />Early in the 1500s much of Europe was divided over religion. <br />The king of England, Henry VIII, broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and set up another Christian church called the Church of England.<br />The members of the church of England were called Protestants because they had protested against practices of the Catholic church.<br /> Protestants beliefs and practices were different from those of other Christian religions<br />
    3. 3. Some felt they still were too Catholic, so they set up their own churches<br />Moved to Netherlands in early 1600’s for peace<br />Life was difficult in a foreign land<br />William Bradford a leader of a separatist group who decided to go to a settlement of their own<br />
    4. 4. Pilgrims<br />Traveler for religious purposes<br />Went to Virginia Company for permission to start a new settlement in Virginia<br />Began preparing for a difficult journey (notice how different from the Jamestown group)<br />Mayflower and Speedwell ships<br />
    5. 5. The Mayflower<br />1620: King James I allowed Pilgrims to settle in Virginia<br />Merchants from London agreed to pay for voyage in exchange for lumber and furs<br />Sept. 1620, about 100 Pilgrims crowded into the small ship for a rough and difficult voyage<br />
    6. 6. The Mayflower<br />Hold below the deck held barrels of salted beef and bread<br />Also pigs, chickens and goats<br />66 day voyage<br />One passenger died, one gave birth<br />
    7. 7. The Mayflower<br />Blown off course, instead of landing in Virginia, they landed at Cape Cod<br />This area named New England, choose a rocky harbor called Plymouth<br />
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    10. 10. Journey of the Mayflower:<br />Tour of the Mayflower:<br />
    11. 11. Page 187 in Textbooks<br />
    12. 12. A day’s activities might be:<br />Wake up, put away the bedding<br />Prayers<br />Breakfast<br />In good weather, activities like reading, games, exercise on deck<br />Cooking by the women in good weather<br />Dinner (noon meal)<br />Activities similar to the morning<br />Supper<br />Prayers<br />Sleep<br />
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    15. 15. Medicine Medicine<br />
    16. 16. Mayflower Compact<br />Pilgrims supposed to settle in Virginia, not New England<br />Before setting foot on land, the Pilgrims wrote a compact, or agreement<br />The compact would serve as form of govt. for their colony<br />
    17. 17. Mayflower Compact<br />In the Mayflower Compact, the Pilgrims agreed to make and obey the colony’s “just and equal laws”<br />41 men signed the compact<br />Important Step! Helped plant the idea of self-govt. among the colonists of North America<br />
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    19. 19. John CarverWilliam BradfordEdward WinslowWilliam BrewsterIsaac AllertonMiles StandishJohn AldenSamuel FullerChristopher MartinWilliam MullinsWilliam WhiteJames ChiltonJohn CraxtonJohn BillingtonRichard WarrenJohn HowlandSteven HopkinsEdward TillyJohn TillyFrancis CookThomas RogersThomas TinkerJohn RigdaleEdward FullerJohn TurnerFrancis EatonMoses FletcherDigery PriestThomas WilliamsGilbert WinslowEdmondMargesonPeter BrownRichard BitteridgeRichard ClarkRichard GardinerJohn AllertonThomas EnglishEdward DotenEdward LiesterJohn GoodmanGeorge Soule<br />
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    22. 22. Pilgrims Land<br />Lonely, winter, cold, bitter<br />William Bradford wrote a book about conditions<br />PAGE 189<br />Everyone went hungry, many died of disease<br />By spring, only half were still alive<br />William Bradford is elected leader<br />
    23. 23. Started their colony November 20<br />In the first 3 months nearly half of the settlers died<br />In the spring the settlers are planting crops when a Native Am. walks out and says, “Welcome, Englishmen!”<br />
    24. 24. The Wampanoag<br />Like Jamestown settlers, there were already people here<br />Helped the Pilgrims<br />Samoset: learned English from traders, useful information for colonists<br />Squanto: captured by English, found home with Wampanoag and helped the Pilgrims<br />Colonists would not have survived the hard years without them<br />
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    31. 31. First Thanksgiving<br />Plymouth, 1621<br />Not exactly sure who invited who <br />Lasted 3 days<br />Not exactly sure what food, but crops and game<br />A celebration to give thanks<br />
    32. 32. Assignment<br /># 1 – 4 on page 191 in textbook.<br />