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Ch. 7 Lesson 3 & 4<br />The Jamestown and Plymouth Colonies<br />
Online Story Site<br />http://jamestown.invioni.com/real_index.html<br />
Jamestown<br />Merchants and land owners started a business called the Virginia Company of London<br />Set up the company ...
Jamestown Cont.<br />Settled in Chesapeake Bay after sailing down a river, named it James river after King James I<br />Bu...
Difficulties at Jamestown<br />Water was salty and unsafe to drink<br />Mosquitoes carried deadly diseases, a problem with...
John Smith<br />A natural story teller, and a natural leader<br />Became disgusted with colonists, forced them to work<br ...
Pocahontas<br />
John Smith cont.<br />Smith led trading with the areas Native American tribes<br />Strong Leader<br />Hurt in a gunpowder ...
The Adventures of John Smith<br />http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Games/InteractiveAdventures/John-smith<br />
New Virginians<br />Colony barley survived the winter<br />1614 John Rolfe found a solution…tobacco<br />Tobacco became a ...
“Peace of Pocahontas”<br />John Rolfe married Pocahontas<br />Marriage helped keep peace between English and Powhatan peop...
Africans Arrive in Jamestown<br />Tobacco was growing everywhere, needed workers<br />Many newcomers were indentured serva...
Virginia’s gold <br />and silver.<br />-- John Rolfe, 1612<br />
Early Colonial Tobacco<br />1618 — Virginia produces 20,000 pounds of              tobacco.<br />1622 — Despite losing nea...
Tobacco Prices:  1618-1710<br />Why did tobacco <br />prices decline so<br />precipitously?<br />
17c Population<br />WHY this large increase in black population??<br />
First Africans were indentured servants, early population included both free and indentured AA’s<br />Christians could not...
The “Middle Passage”<br />
The Atlantic Slave Trade<br />
1619<br />Women are brought to colonies<br />House of Burgesses met for the first time<br />Made laws for the colony<br />...
Virtual Jamestown<br />http://www.virtualjamestown.org/quicktime/jamestown_fort.html<br />
Virtual Map of Settlement<br />http://www.virtualjamestown.org/jamestown_development/settlement_v2.html<br />
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Colonial America 1

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Colonial America 1

  1. 1. Ch. 7 Lesson 3 & 4<br />The Jamestown and Plymouth Colonies<br />
  2. 2. Online Story Site<br />http://jamestown.invioni.com/real_index.html<br />
  3. 3. Jamestown<br />Merchants and land owners started a business called the Virginia Company of London<br />Set up the company to start a colony in Virginia<br />Sold shares of ownership, or stock<br />Any profits the company made would be divided among those who bought the stock<br />Goal of Expedition: To make MONEY<br />
  4. 4. Jamestown Cont.<br />Settled in Chesapeake Bay after sailing down a river, named it James river after King James I<br />Built houses, a church and a fort<br />Life was much more difficult than imagined<br />
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  11. 11. Difficulties at Jamestown<br />Water was salty and unsafe to drink<br />Mosquitoes carried deadly diseases, a problem with swampy lands<br />Constant attacks<br />Lazy “gentlemen” did not work to plant crops, had expected to find gold like Spanish<br />By winter, nearly half of the colonists had died<br />
  12. 12. John Smith<br />A natural story teller, and a natural leader<br />Became disgusted with colonists, forced them to work<br />“He that will not work, will not eat.”<br />Forced colonists to build houses, plant crops, raise livestock<br />Made him unpopular, but kept them alive<br />Story of Pocahontas<br />
  13. 13. Pocahontas<br />
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  16. 16. John Smith cont.<br />Smith led trading with the areas Native American tribes<br />Strong Leader<br />Hurt in a gunpowder accident and had to return to England<br />Colony suffered without him<br />The winter of 1609 – 1610 was “The Starving Time”<br />“If we were lucky, our food was a can of barley, split among five men each day.”<br />
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  18. 18. The Adventures of John Smith<br />http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Games/InteractiveAdventures/John-smith<br />
  19. 19. New Virginians<br />Colony barley survived the winter<br />1614 John Rolfe found a solution…tobacco<br />Tobacco became a cash crop: a crop that is sold for money<br />King James I, “Tobacco is a stinking weed.”<br />Grew it anyways, rejuvenated spirit<br />
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  21. 21. “Peace of Pocahontas”<br />John Rolfe married Pocahontas<br />Marriage helped keep peace between English and Powhatan people<br />Lasted 8 years<br />Pocahontas became “celebrity” in England<br />Died of Small Pox right before return to Virginia<br />
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  25. 25. Africans Arrive in Jamestown<br />Tobacco was growing everywhere, needed workers<br />Many newcomers were indentured servants<br />Indentured Servants: people who could not afford the trip, borrowed money, and agreed to work 5-7 years to pay off debt <br />
  26. 26. Virginia’s gold <br />and silver.<br />-- John Rolfe, 1612<br />
  27. 27. Early Colonial Tobacco<br />1618 — Virginia produces 20,000 pounds of tobacco.<br />1622 — Despite losing nearly one-third of its colonists in an Indian attack, Virginia produces 60,000 pounds of tobacco.<br />1627 — Virginia produces 500,000 pounds of tobacco.<br />1629 — Virginia produces 1,500,000 pounds of tobacco.<br />
  28. 28. Tobacco Prices: 1618-1710<br />Why did tobacco <br />prices decline so<br />precipitously?<br />
  29. 29. 17c Population<br />WHY this large increase in black population??<br />
  30. 30. First Africans were indentured servants, early population included both free and indentured AA’s<br />Christians could not be enslaved by English law<br />Eventually all African Americans were forced to work<br />
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  32. 32. The “Middle Passage”<br />
  33. 33. The Atlantic Slave Trade<br />
  34. 34. 1619<br />Women are brought to colonies<br />House of Burgesses met for the first time<br />Made laws for the colony<br />Members were white men who owned land<br />Not always fair, but first step towards developing own govt.<br />Burgesses (citizen or freeman)<br />More conflict with Native Americans<br />1924: King James I took back over<br />
  35. 35. Virtual Jamestown<br />http://www.virtualjamestown.org/quicktime/jamestown_fort.html<br />
  36. 36. Virtual Map of Settlement<br />http://www.virtualjamestown.org/jamestown_development/settlement_v2.html<br />

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