Safety Culture


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Safety culture is a product of organizational learning. We can build safety culture with behavioral methods like PREMAC or PTAS

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Safety Culture

  1. 1. BUILDING A BEHAVIOR BASED SAFETY CULTURE Methods from PERSIST LTD., applied around the world. Sa ntiago, Chile 2008.
  2. 2. From the external management of behavior (PTAS Method) Towards the taken care with self monitoring (PREMAC Method) TEPS/PTAS PREMAC
  3. 3. <ul><li>The PTAS Method works with external controls and procedures, to direct the behaviors of workers. </li></ul><ul><li>But the reality shows the need of self motivation increase, because workers functioning without supervision specially in certain shifts. </li></ul><ul><li>This new reality requires to prepare the workers </li></ul><ul><li>to assume the control and the management of its </li></ul><ul><li>own behavior in safety and quality of their work. </li></ul>External motivation and self-motivation.
  4. 4. STRATEGIES OF PERSIST LTD. FOR BUILDING BEHAVIOR SAFETY CULTURE. Position of PREMAC Method within PERSIST safety methods Exchange of Motivation To assume Prevention tasks in alternative way Motivating to myself Self control techniques to learn how to protect oneself Motivating other people Behavior Analysis applied to improve safe behavior Building basis Training, campaigns, safety committees… Participation in Prevention PREMAC Method TEPS Method (or PTAS Method) Training
  5. 5. <ul><li>PREMAC Method helps the workers to obtain greater dominion and control of its own behavior at work. </li></ul><ul><li>We enrich PTAS when adding PREMAC because this Method, favors the growth and development of each person. ( empowerment ). This is an input for self-protection. </li></ul>PRE MAC = PRE VENTION BY M EANS OF S ELF C ONTROL
  6. 6. The PTAS and PRE MAC Methods <ul><li>Resemblance: </li></ul><ul><li>Both Methods arise from the experimental study </li></ul><ul><li>of learning human processes. </li></ul><ul><li>Both Methods using the scientific knowles on </li></ul><ul><li>natural processes of human learning. </li></ul><ul><li>The effectiveness of both has been demonstrated </li></ul><ul><li>in different Companies. </li></ul><ul><li>Both can work in simultaneous way in same company. </li></ul><ul><li>The decision of the use one or another one is </li></ul><ul><li>determinate for practical reasons or by organizational </li></ul><ul><li>structure. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>PREMAC develops and uses the personal competences </li></ul><ul><li>(internal) to regulate the own behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>PREMAC, is until now, (2008) the only method of self-protection at global level applied to the Safety of the Work. </li></ul><ul><li>The first Report on PREMAC Method was published by PERSIST in 1997. ( Revista IST, ask for it to: [email_address] ) </li></ul> The PREMAC Methods
  8. 8. What is PRE MAC? <ul><li>It is a Method of four steps, that develops the worker’ s capacity of how to regulate its own behavior in order to take care of himself and others at work. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Improvements and contributions with PREMAC Method </li></ul><ul><li>The workers know as its behavior of upper risk they practice, but they don’t know how to changing it. </li></ul><ul><li>The PREMAC Method produces involvement of the workers and gives them techniques to learn and to practice abilities of self- control for its own safety. </li></ul><ul><li>The own worker produces better information since he is always in contact with himself in an ample rank of his/her own behavior of risk. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, the worker can observe and manage cognitive or concealed problems, that are not accessible to an external observer. </li></ul><ul><li>The external pressure for safety behavior is reduced, but increases its own, personal pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>The external psychologist or trained peer is key to maintain the changes of behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>The worker applied self-reinforcement when he/she achieves success in his process of behavior change. </li></ul>
  10. 10. WORK MODEL OF PRE M AC METHOD. Full text available in: Training in Abilities of Self Management SELF- CONTROL ABILITIES NEW GOALS OF CHANGE SELF- OBSERVATION Selection of high risk behavior SELF- EVALUATION Cognitive and Behavior Techniques Interaction abilities Clarify Values Nece ssity to change Values identify Functional Analysis of the Behavior Training Emotional Setting Personal goals
  11. 11. The PRE MAC works following this procedures: <ul><li>To give to the workers techniques to: </li></ul><ul><li>How increasing self-esteem. </li></ul><ul><li>How moderating the impulsivity. </li></ul><ul><li>How applied emotional trainig to control the negative emotional reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>How changing the irrational ideas about the causes of the industrial accidents. </li></ul><ul><li>How improving its social abilities. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Self-esteem is the evaluate component of the self- concept and also it is the distance that exist between an optimal perception of himself and the current perception. </li></ul><ul><li>Self esteem is the breach between how us would like to be valued, including by our self, and as we felt that other people value to us. </li></ul><ul><li>The self-esteem is a learned vision (positive or negative) of themselves,. For this reason it is modifiable. </li></ul>PRE MAC METHOD INCREASE THE FEELINGS OF THE OWN VALUE OR SELF-ESTEEM .
  14. 14. FUNCTIONING OF PRE MAC METHOD Self- evaluation Self- reinforcement M E T A Self- observation Self- control Nece ssity to change
  15. 15. Sample of individual results obtained by workers in Self Protection Program. Unsafe Behavior To cross the corridor as long as the Crane Bridge is in movement Not use earplug protector (to leave the factory-ships) Not use the earplug Not use lenses of safety when blowing equipment. Cross the conveyor when it is in automatic form. Work without safety gloves when it takes boxes with materials To cross below the Traveling crane To cross by conveyol Smoking Work with watch To handle to low speed Not use protective glasses during the work day. To cross under the crane Not use glasses Not use noise interceptors Not use earplug Not put the leather dress coat to work Speedy drive Not put the mask face N° 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 To smoke in the machine Goal of Safety Behavior To hope that the crane happens to be able to circulate Use earplug The protector for the followed noise will use more Put the lenses when making that work. Cross when one stops Work with gloves in those circumstances Not cross underneath To cross less times by conveyol Not smoking Work without watch Not accident Use its lenses all the turn Not cross Use glasses Use Use earplug Put the leather dress Drive slow, moderate and respecting signals Put the mask face. No smoking Target proposal in training Obtained after Self Contract   Difference 80% 90% 10% 90% 95% 5% 87% 70% -3% 90% 80% -10% 90% 90% 0% 70% 80% 10% 80% 80% 0% 100% 100% 0% 80% 60% -20% 50% 20% -30% 90% 100% 10% 75% 100% 25% 100% 80% -20% 80% 100% 20% 90% 70% -10% 100% 90% -10% 95% 100% 5% 100% 70% -30% 100% 80% -20% 80% 70% -10%
  16. 16. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 Work accidents Intervención PREMAC Behavioral Intervention Results with PREMAC Method.( Smelting and Refinery of C u ) Accidents number between 1986 and 2001
  17. 17. DO-IT Program PREMAC Program Years N Accidents