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  1. 1. A Look Into Charles Baudelaire By: Kimberly Ulasiewicz
  2. 2. One of the greatest French poets of the 19th century, called 'the father of modern criticism,' who shocked his contemporaries with his visions of lust and decay. Baudelaire formed with Stéphane Mallarmé and Paul Verlaine the so-called Decadents. Baudelaire was the first to equate modern, artificial, and decadent. In LE PEINTRE DE LA VIE MODERNE (1863, The Painter of Modern Life) Baudelaire argued in favor of artificiality, stating that vice is natural in that it is selfish, while virtue is artificial because we must restrain our natural impulses in order to be good. The snobbish aesthete, the dandy, was for Baudelaire the ultimate hero and the best proof of an absolutely purposeless existence. He is a gentleman who never becomes vulgar and always preserves the cool smile of the stoic. "There can be no progress (real, that is, moral) except in the individual and by the individual himself." (from Mon Coeur Mis À Nu, 1897) Charles Baudelaire was born in Paris, where he lived most of his
  3. 3. The Man <ul><li>born in Paris, where he lived most of his life. </li></ul><ul><li>François (60) ex-priest and widower married Caroline Dufaÿs (26), a penniless orphan,. François died in 1827 </li></ul><ul><li>For some years Baudelaire was on good terms with his stepfather, Major Jacques Aupick, but in the late 1830s they started to have difficulties. Aupick, who became a senator, died in 1857. </li></ul><ul><li>Baudelaire worshipped his mother and could not accept her second marriage. </li></ul>Information accessed at: http://www. kirjasto . sci . fi /baudelai. htm
  4. 4. Education <ul><li>In 1833, the family moved to Lyons where Baudelaire attended a military boarding school. Shortly before graduation, he was kicked out for refusing to give up a note passed to him by a classmate. Baudelaire spent the next two years in Paris' Latin Quarter pursuing a career as a writer and accumulating debt. It is also believed that he contracted syphilis around this time. </li></ul><ul><li>Baudelaire was sent to boarding school. He studied at the Collège Royal, Lyon (1832-36), and Lycée Louis-le-Grand, Paris (1936-39), from where he was expelled. His intention from an early age was to live by writing, but still he enrolled as a law student in 1840 at the École de Droit. Probably at this time he became addicted to opium. He also contracted syphilis, which turned out to be lethal. During this period Baudelaire fell heavily into debt; he never finished his law studies. </li></ul>Information accessed at: http://www. kirjasto . sci . fi /baudelai. htm Information accessed at:
  5. 5. The Politician <ul><li>In the late 1840s, Baudelaire became involved in politics. He fought at the barricades during the revolution of 1848 and in the same year he also cofounded the journal Le Salut Public . He was associated with Proudhon and opposed the coup d'état of Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte in December 1851. After this tumultuous period, Baudelaire remained aloof from politics and adopted an increasingly reactionary attitude. In the 1850s he was involved with Marie Daubrun (1854-55) and Apollonie Sabatier (1857). </li></ul>Information Accessed From:
  6. 6. The Ladies Man <ul><li>In 1841, Baudelaire was sent on a voyage to India, but he stopped off at Maurius. On his return to Paris in 1842, Baudelaire met Jeanne Duval, a woman of mixed race, who became his mistress and inspiration for his poem 'Black Venus'. Other women, who inspired his poems, were Mme Sabatier, and the actress Marie Daubrun, but for most of his life Baudelaire maintained a relationship with Jeanne. Baudelaire lived some years on his inheritance from his father. Two years later Baudelaire was deprived, by law, of control over this income by the Counseil Judicaire. After the decision, Baudelaire constantly turned to his mother when he needed money or worried about his health or was bored - and he was always burdened with debts, partly because he tried to keep up the extravagant lifestyle of a dandy. </li></ul>Information Accessed From: http://www. kirjasto . sci . fi /baudelai. htm
  7. 7. The Writer
  8. 8. LES FLEURS DU MAL The Flowers of Evil Information accessed at: http://www. kirjasto . sci . fi /baudelai. htm
  9. 9. The Rebel <ul><li>He fought at the barricades during the revolution of 1848 and in the same year he also cofounded the journal Le Salut Public </li></ul><ul><li>PAUVRE BELGIQUE! </li></ul>Information accessed at: http://www. kirjasto . sci . fi /baudelai. htm
  10. 10. <ul><li>ON COEUR MIS À NU (1897) </li></ul><ul><li>LA FANFARIO, in 1847 </li></ul><ul><li>CURIOSITÉS ESTHÉTIQUES, and those on literature </li></ul><ul><li>music under the title L'ART ROMANTIQUE. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Be Drunk <ul><li>You have to be always drunk. That's all there is to it--it's the only way. So as not to feel the horrible burden of time that breaks your back and bends you to the earth, you have to be continually drunk. But on what? Wine, poetry or virtue, as you wish. But be drunk. And if sometimes, on the steps of a palace or the green grass of a ditch, in the mournful solitude of your room, you wake again, drunkenness already diminishing or gone, ask the wind, the wave, the star, the bird, the clock, everything that is flying, everything that is groaning, everything that is rolling, everything that is singing, everything that is speaking. . .ask what time it is and wind, wave, star, bird, clock will answer you: &quot;It is time to be drunk! So as not to be the martyred slaves of time, be drunk, be continually drunk! On wine, on poetry or on virtue as you wish.&quot; </li></ul>Information accessed at:
  12. 12. Baudelaire Loves Essay <ul><li>Although Baudelaire is chiefly known from his poems, his critical essays have also gained attention of researchers. His essays on art have been published under the collective title CURIOSITÉS ESTHÉTIQUES, and those on literature and music under the title L'ART ROMANTIQUE. Baudelaire's starting point for his aesthetic analysis was the lived experience, not principles of aesthetics or abstract preconceptions about the beautiful. In 1846 he condemned philosophical poetry as &quot;a false genre&quot; and saw that art has its value in itself. &quot;In recent years we have heard it said in thousand different ways, 'Copy nature; just copy nature.' ... And this doctrine (the enemy of art) was alleged to apply not only to painting but to all the arts.&quot; He was impressed by Wagner's music, enthusiastic of Poe, fascinated by the suggestiveness of caricatures, but unsympathetic to Courbet and realism. In an article he noted the emergence of photography with disdain. Realism was for Baudelaire a &quot;disgusting insult thrown into the face of all analysts&quot; and photography continued this belief in Nature: &quot;A revengeful God has given ear to the prayers of this multitude, Daguerre was his Messiah .&quot; </li></ul>Information accessed at: http://www. kirjasto . sci . fi /baudelai. htm
  13. 13. &quot;faire l'amour, c'est faire le mal&quot; <ul><li>“ After examining scrupulously the depths of my past reveries, I realized that I have always been obsessed by the impossibility of understanding some of man's actions or thoughts save by the hypothesis of the intervention of some exterior evil force” </li></ul><ul><li>Saw himself as a fallen angel </li></ul><ul><li>Love meant the loss of innocence </li></ul><ul><li>Love is also the highest pleasure, doing evil intentionally is a source of lust </li></ul><ul><li>Felt sympathy for the prostitute, who revolts against the bourgeois family. </li></ul>Information accessed at: http://www. kirjasto . sci . fi /baudelai. htm
  14. 14. The Wild Man Falls <ul><li>1862 a minor stroke gave him a &quot;warning&quot; of the consequences of alcohol, opium, and hashish. </li></ul><ul><li>remaining years of Baudelaire's life were darkened by despair and financial difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>returned to Paris in 1866 from an extended stay in Brussels, where he had lived at a hotel called Le Grand Miroir </li></ul><ul><li>while seriously ill stayed in a sanatorium </li></ul><ul><li>died in his mother's arms on August 31, 1867, in a Paris clinic </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;We're obviously destined to love one another, to end our lives as honestly and gently as possible, And yet, in the awful circumstances in which I find myself, I'm convinced that one of us will kill the other.&quot; </li></ul>Information accessed at:
  15. 15. THE END