KCD PJS Presentation

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KCD PJS Presentation

  1. 1. International Adoption A Solution Not Yet Explored
  2. 2. Current world population: 6,900,000,000
  3. 3. Current Cost of an International Adoption: $7,000 - $30,000
  4. 4. Number of children adopted internationally in… 2008: 17,438 2004: 22,884 2000: 18,477
  5. 5. Number of children orphaned worldwide: Over 100,000,000
  6. 6. Hague Convention on the Rights of the Child The Hague Convention of 29 May 1993 on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention) protects children and their families against the risks of illegal, irregular, premature or ill-prepared adoptions abroad. This Convention, which also operates through a system of national Central Authorities, reinforces the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (Art. 21) and seeks to ensure that intercountry adoptions are made in the best interests of the child and with respect for his or her fundamental rights, and to prevent the abduction, the sale of, or traffic in children. www.hcch.net
  7. 7. Representative One • Salary: $20,000 a year • Marital status: Single • Age: 24 • Education: Bachelors degree • Looking to adopt from China
  8. 8. Representative Two • Salary: $50,000 a year • Marital status: Married for 2 years • Ages: 32 and 44 (12 year age difference) • Education: High school diploma • Looking to adopt from Korea
  9. 9. Representative Three • Salary: $100,000 a year • Marital status: Married for 7 years • Ages: 35 and 37 (2 year age difference) • Education: Doctorates • Religious preference: None (atheist) • Looking to adopt from India
  10. 10. Overpopulation • Expected to reach 9 billion by 2050 • Population has increased by 70 million people (1.2%) annually since 1987 • Around 80% of the current population lives in developing countries
  11. 11. Effects • Not enough farmable land to go around (only 13% of the world is considered farmable) • Increase in human population will lead to decrease in animal and plant populations • Greater prominence of communicable diseases possible
  12. 12. Assisted Conception • Most commonly used types: In-vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) • Primary reason for use: medical problem preventing women from getting pregnant
  13. 13. Success Rate Based on statistics from The Infertility Clinic of St. Louis Normal Ovarian Reserve Low Ovarian Reserve Age Pregnancy Delivery Pregnancy Delivery < 30 years old 64% (108/170) 56% (96/170) 48% (13/27) 41% (11/27) 30-39 years old 57% (183/323) 47% (151/323)35% (62/175) 27% (47/175) ≥ 40 years old 37% (10/27) 15% (4/27) 20% (5/25) 16% (4/25)
  14. 14. Cost and Complications • Average cost for one treatment: $9,000 to $15,000 • Complications include – Multiple pregnancies – Ovarian hyperstimulation – Infection – Ectopic pregnancy
  15. 15. Assisted conception vs. adoption
  16. 16. Solution 1) Promote international adoption by… • Increasing number of adoption clinics • Making the option more apparent for families desiring children
  17. 17. Solution 2) Make the process of adoption easier by… • Reducing agency cost • Making scholarship option for highly eligible families
  18. 18. Solution 3) Revise adoption policies by… • Requiring cultural awareness training for prospective families • Reducing the amount of time it takes to process an adoption by hiring more people to complete the processing
  19. 19. Solution Focus on the families and children in need instead of the meticulous policies and regulations

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