Relative Clauses

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Relative Clauses

  1. 1. RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>WHO : This is the man who helped me </li></ul><ul><li>yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE: This is the place where I was </li></ul><ul><li>born. </li></ul><ul><li>THAT: I told you the truth that you </li></ul><ul><li>didn´t want to hear. </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>WHOSE: Do you know the boy whose </li></ul><ul><li>mother is a nurse? </li></ul><ul><li>WHOM: I was invited by the professor </li></ul><ul><li>whom I met at the conference. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>WHICH : Do you see the cat which is </li></ul><ul><li>lying on the roof? </li></ul><ul><li>WHY : You didn´t tell me the reason </li></ul><ul><li>why we met him . </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. The relative pronoun stands in place of a noun. This noun usually appears earlier in the sentence: The woman who/that spoke at the meeting was very knowledgeable verb + rest of main clause verb + rest of relative clause relative pronoun referring to 'the woman', subject of 'spoke' Noun, subject of main clause
  5. 5. <ul><li>2. Who, whom and which can be replaced by that. This is very common in spoken English. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The relative pronoun can be omitted ( ø ) when it is the object of the clause: </li></ul><ul><li>The mouse that the elephant loved was very beautiful. OR The mouse the elephant loved was very beautiful. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>4. Whose is used for things as well as for people. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: The man whose car was stolen . </li></ul><ul><li>A tree whose leaves have fallen . </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>5. Whom is very formal and is only used in written English. You can use who/that , or omit the pronoun completely : </li></ul><ul><li>The doctor whom/who/that/ø I was hoping to see wasn't on duty. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>6. That normally follows words like something, anything, everything, nothing, all, and superlatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>There's something that you should know . </li></ul><ul><li>It was the best film that I've ever seen . </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>A clown is someone who makes you laugh . </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>An elephant is an animal that lives in hot countries . </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The plums(ciruelas) that were in the fridge were delicious. I have eaten them. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Where are the plums ( that) I put in the fridge ? </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Has anyone seen the book(that) I was reading ? </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Nothing that anyone does can replace my lost bag. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Let's go to a country where the sun always shines . </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>They live in the house whose roof is full of holes . </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Complete the sentences using relative clauses. Use who and which . </li></ul><ul><li>A Scottish is a person (live in Scotland) </li></ul><ul><li>Nessie is a monster (live in Loch Ness) </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>A fridge is a thing (keep food cool) </li></ul><ul><li>A DJ is someone (play music in a disco) </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>A bee is an insect (make honey) </li></ul><ul><li>A lemon is a fruit (be yellow and sour) </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>A watch is a thing (tell the time) </li></ul><ul><li>A ferry is a ship (carry people across the water) </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>A shop assistant is someone (work in a shop) </li></ul><ul><li>A key is a thing (can open and lock doors) </li></ul>
  22. 22. ANSWERS <ul><li>A Scottish is a person (live in Scotland) </li></ul><ul><li>A Scottish is a person who lives in Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Nessie is a monster (live in Loch Ness) </li></ul><ul><li>Nessie is a monster that lives in Loch Ness </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>A fridge is a thing (keep food cool) </li></ul><ul><li>A fridge is a thing that keeps food cool </li></ul><ul><li>A DJ is someone (play music in a disco) </li></ul><ul><li>A DJ is someone who plays music in a </li></ul><ul><li>disco </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>A bee is an insect (make honey) </li></ul><ul><li>A bee is an insect that makes honey </li></ul><ul><li>A lemon is a fruit (be yellow and sour) </li></ul><ul><li>A lemon is a fruit that is yellow and sour </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>A watch is a thing (tell the time) </li></ul><ul><li>A watch is a thing that tells the time </li></ul><ul><li>A ferry is a ship (carry people across the water) </li></ul><ul><li>A ferry is a ship that carries people across the water. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>A shop assistant is someone (work in a shop) </li></ul><ul><li>A shop assistant is someone who works in a shop </li></ul><ul><li>A key is a thing (can open and lock doors) </li></ul><ul><li>A key is a thing that can open and lock doors </li></ul>
  27. 27. bye and good luck!.

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