The Eastern Front


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The Eastern Front

  1. 1. The Eastern Front<br />
  2. 2. The reason German defeat<br />Bombing<br />Aid<br />Determination <br />D-Day<br />Interference<br />Eastern front<br />Separation<br />Baddies<br />
  3. 3. Interference of Hitler<br />Hitler interfered in military matters on too many occasions because his overconfidence of winning the war. For example: <br /><ul><li>In May 1940, he ordered the tanks to stop on the outskirts of Dunkirk.
  4. 4. He also stopped attacks on Fighter Command in September and switched to the Blitz and
  5. 5. He held back production of U-boats in 1939 and 1940, so that when the Battle of the Atlantic began in 1941, the German Navy only had 37 submarines.</li></li></ul><li>Eastern Front<br />Perhaps the most important reason, however, were the body blows received on the Eastern Front courtesy of the Soviets. Here, the German armed forces suffered 90% of their total casualties in the war. <br />
  6. 6. Separation of Army<br />In 1943 Hitler sent aid to Mussolini when Italy was invaded by the Allies. This, along with the division of the army in the Soviet Union, meant that the German forces were very thinly spread.<br />Leningrad, Ukraine, Crimea were under siege and almost reached Moscow.<br />Hitler wanted his armies to concentrate on capturing the Southern oilfields, whilst the generals wanted to capture Moscow. <br />
  7. 7. Operation Barbarossa<br />The first attack started in the spring of 1941, this meant be last short (before winter) and Hitler expected an easy victory, just like western front.<br />An attempt to seize the coal and oil rich land of Ukraine and Caucasus with its agricultural capacity.<br />Secondly to take the Baltic area and also drive on Moscow<br />
  8. 8. The USSR reorganises<br />More freedom for USSR’s officers and independent act.<br />The Red army created its own specialist tank armies and air forces.<br />New effective weapons, such as T34 tank.<br />Adopted radio communications and put radios into all tanks and aircraft.<br />Specialist units were create to listen in to German radio signals and disrupt them if possible.<br />
  9. 9. The Soviet war economy<br />Every scrap of raw material and resources for <br />arms production and nothing else<br />The German advances of 1941 captured half of the USSR’s food supply, 40 % of its electricity generating power and 75% of its supplies of iron, coal and steel.<br />In response, the Soviets dismantled over 2500 major industrial complexes and transported them east by rail to the region safe from the German army.<br />The Soviet harsh use of female workers. Half the workforce was female.<br />
  10. 10. The end<br /><br />The failure of Operation Barbarossa: The German Invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941<br /><br /> GCSEmodernworldhistorysecondedition.p286<br />Followed by additional information<br />
  11. 11. Bombing<br />From 1942, the RAF began to bomb Germany every night and the USA by day. Bomber raids plastered German cities with incendiaries and heavy explosive which disrupted production and damaged morale<br />
  12. 12. Invariable aid from Roosevelt<br />Britain received invaluable aid from Roosevelt, who stepped up war production after joining the war in 1941.<br />By 1943, the USA was producing 4x as much each month as Germany and in the end the military and economic might of the USA was to be a key factor in victory.<br />
  13. 13. Determination of British people<br />The determination of the British people in holding on alone during the Battle of Britain and the Blitz(1940-1)showed that the British were not prepared to give in.<br />This had been possible because of Churchill’s morale-boosting speeches and visits to bombed areas.<br />
  14. 14. D-Day<br />Although the war lasted another eleven months, the superiority of the Allies in men and supplies was overwhelming.<br />By 1945, Germany was on its knees, having been bombed constantly and starved by the Allied naval blockade.<br />German forces were pushed back until finally German high command surrendered on 7th May 1945.<br />