Final Web Project


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Final Web Project

  1. 1. A New Teaching Aid With Exceptional Forms By: Veronica Kennedy
  2. 2. Introduction Clickers address two of the oldest and most fundamental challenges in teaching: how to engage students and how to determine if they are learning what you are teaching. This are three article that address the use of clickers Douglas Duncan Roger C. Lowery April R. Trees and Michele H. Jackson
  3. 3. Douglas Duncan Why use clickers? Students become active participants They ask more questions Attendance increases after the introduction of Clickers What Clickers can do! Measure student attitude Find out if students have done their assigned reading Get students to confront common misconceptions about the class and/or chapter
  4. 4. Douglas Duncan How do Clickers work? Each student has a transmitter (Clicker) that looks like a small TV remote. The classroom will have one or more wall mounted receivers that will pick up the signals generated when a student pushes one of the buttons. A computer equipped with software will record each students response. Example of a question that you would answer using a Clicker.
  5. 5. Douglas Duncan Students who do not like Clickers Douglas Duncan says, “In response some instructors argue that these are students who would prefer a class that allows them to pass by memorizing what the instructor says and then feeding that information back on tests without ever having to demonstrate conceptual understanding or explain themselves to another student.” Duncan, D. (2006, May 03). Clickers: a new teaching aid. Astronomy Educational Review, 5, 1-18. Retrieved December 11, 2009, from
  6. 6. Roger C. Lowery Potential Benefits: Improve student learning 1. Improve class preparation 2. Cleaner comprehension 3. Active participation during class 4. Increased peer or collaborative learning 5. Greater student satisfaction Reduce the paperwork & faculty labor 1. attendance taking 2. test administration 3. Grade recording, calculation, and analysis
  7. 7. Roger C. Lowery Are Clickers inexpensive and what do they instill? Inexpensive Keypads (one-way transmitter) 1. Infrared (IR) Keypads: TV remote with a limited set of response keys. Most IR keypads are one-way devices. They just summit and answer, there are no receivers. 2. Radio Frequency (RF) Keypads: Most RF keypads are two-way devices Expensive Keypads (Web-based computer devices) These devices can take many forms in PDAS, smart calculators, and/or desktop computers.
  8. 8. Roger C. Lowery Lowery suggests that teachers (or other users) should make very clear instructions to first-time users. He believes that switching clickers with other students is considered cheating. He also makes a point that classrooms should practice using Clickers once or twice before posting questions for any type of points. He feels that it is necessary for students to become use to the Clicker itself. Lowery, R., C. (2006 April 05). Clickers in the classroom: A Comparison of Interactive Student- Response Keypad Systems. National Socail Science Association. 2-22. Retrieved December 11, 2009 from http://
  9. 9. April R. Trees and Michele H. Jackson One major problem: Traditional lectures format students rarely receive feedback concerning their thinking prior to the exam, and instructors have a difficult time assessing students’ understanding of particular material. Clickers however, provide an opportunity for all students in the classroom to interact and contribute their viewpoint, encourage students to actively respond to ideas and questions, and give instructors an opportunity to assess student understanding at the moment.
  10. 10. April R. Tree and Michele H. Jackson Student Issues Clickers creates a learning environment with higher expectations for student preparation prior to class. Students also find that activities that encourage analysis and application violate expectations that large course professor that will simply provide information that they then memorize of a test. While instructors may be motivated to incorporate response systems into a large class, students do not necessarily share the same assumptions about what the large class should look like. Student attitudes can function a barrier to change.
  11. 11. April R. Trees and Michele H. Jackson Trees and Jackson believe that Clickers are an unusual educational technology. However, unlike websites, Power Point, or even course management tools such as Blackboard, the success of Clickers depends less on the instructor and more on the student They believe this because clickers require a change not simply in the mode of communication between instructor and student but in the very culture of the classroom environment. Jackson, M. H., & Trees, A., R. (2007 March). The learning environment in clicker classrooms. Routledge, 32, 21-40. Retrieved December 11, 2009, from http://
  12. 12. Conclusion The three articles taught me a lot about Clickers and how I could incorporate them into my classroom. I think that they are a great tool to use to engage your class in discussion and it helps teachers to know what area that the class might not be understanding. All I have to say is that I wished we could be using Clickers in all of my lecture classes because I think it would help me to remember key facts that I am learning!