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Gauging Research Output and Influence

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This presentation was given at the Thomson Reuters Breakfast Workshop at ALA Midwinter 2010.

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Gauging Research Output and Influence

  1. 1. Gauging Research Output and Influence Using Traditional Citation Tools and Unique Analytical Solutions. ALA 2010 Midwinter Meeting Jan 15-19, Boston Paul Torpey Jeff Dougherty
  2. 2. Today’s Discussion <ul><li>Web of Science Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foundational strengths and what this provides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unleashed -- unique presentation and utilization in multiple resources </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Origins: The Web of Science and Citation Indexing <ul><li>Dr. Eugene Garfield, the concept: A citation index approach to scientific and scholarly discovery – unique methods for identifying associations and connections between published works on a multidisciplinary scale. </li></ul>The Web of Science Foundation
  4. 4. Web of Science Content <ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carefully managed , ongoing Collection Development . Every Journal is individually selected for influence within its respective discipline . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unique Data - Thomson Reuters captures available author cited references for all published papers back to 1900 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diversity -- Truly Multidisciplinary Journal Coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All fields of study are included, 250+ categories – 12,000+ unique titles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science Citation Index Expanded – 8,160 titles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Sciences Citation Index – 2,780 titles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arts & Humanities Citation Index – 1,500 titles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Depth -- Great Depth of Coverage is Available </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To 1900 in the Sciences </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To 1900 in the Social Science </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To 1975 in the Arts & Humanities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>The Web of Science Foundation
  5. 5. Web of Science Conference Proceedings <ul><li>Proceedings literature is an essential component of international scholarly communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Web of Science Conference Proceedings Citation Indexes : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conference Proceedings Citation Index- Science ( CPCI-S ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conference Proceedings Citation Index- Social Science & Humanities ( CPCI-SSH ) 1990-present </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CPCI files are fully integrated into Web of Science, behaving exactly as the SCIE, SSCI and A&HCI files. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weekly updates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coverage of approximately 12,000 conferences annually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proceedings in book or book series form, monographic sources, account for approximately 70% of content. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Web of Science Content <ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carefully managed , ongoing Collection Development . Every Journal is individually selected for influence within its respective discipline . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unique Data - Thomson Reuters captures available author cited references for all published papers back to 1900 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diversity -- Truly Multidisciplinary Journal Coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All fields of study are included, 250+ categories – 11,300 unique titles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science Citation Index Expanded – 8,090 titles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Sciences Citation Index – 2,716 titles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arts & Humanities Citation Index – 1,500 titles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Depth -- Great Depth of Coverage is Available </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To 1900 in the Sciences </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To 1900 in the Social Science </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To 1975 in the Arts & Humanities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>The Web of Science Foundation
  7. 7. Web of Science – More than “Science” Social Sciences Citation Index – 2,700+ Titles Diversity – Web of Science Supports All Academic Programs Anthropology Gerontology Psychology Area Studies Health Policy & Services Public Administration Business History Public, Environmental & Occupational Health Communication Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Rehabilitation Criminology & Penology Industrial Relations & Labor Social Issues Demography Information Science & Library Science Social Sciences Economics International Relations Social Work Education Law Sociology Environmental Studies Linguistics Substance Abuse Ergonomics Management Transportation Ethics Nursing Urban Studies Ethnic Studies Planning & Development Women’s Studies Family Studies Political Science Geography Psychiatry
  8. 8. Arts & Humanities Citation Index – 1,500 Titles Web of Science – More than “Science” Diversity – Web of Science Supports All Academic Programs Archaeology Folklore Medieval & Renaissance Studies Architecture History Music Art Humanities Philosophy Asian Studies Language & linguistics Poetry Classics Literary Reviews Religion Dance Literary Theory Theater Film, Radio, Television Literature
  9. 9. <ul><li>One of the truly powerful features of Web of Science is the Cited Reference Search </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieves information often missed through use of Keywords alone -- essential for truly comprehensive searching. AND… </li></ul><ul><li>The ability to enter a wide range of items in the Cited Work field – not only a Journal but a Film , a notable Book or Report , Novel , or even Work of Art , and retrieve articles that have cited these works – is a way to gather relevant information that may not have been found in any other way. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>A True Citation Index – Unmatched in Depth and Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Displaying all cited works, whatever the form – Journal Articles, Books, Conference Papers, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Browse – Discover </li></ul><ul><li>Select Precise Works on which to search, or to eliminate from a search. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Web of Science Forward Citation Map Psychology, Experimental Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence Business Religion Business
  12. 12. Web of Science Content <ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carefully managed , ongoing Collection Development . Every Journal is individually selected for influence within its respective discipline . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unique Data - Thomson Reuters captures available author cited references for all published papers back to 1900 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diversity -- Truly Multidisciplinary Journal Coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All fields of study are included, 250+ categories – 11,300 unique titles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science Citation Index Expanded – 8,090 titles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Sciences Citation Index – 2,716 titles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arts & Humanities Citation Index – 1,500 titles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Depth -- Great Depth of Coverage is Available </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To 1900 in the Sciences </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To 1900 in the Social Science </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To 1975 in the Arts & Humanities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>The Web of Science Foundation
  13. 13. Web of Science Content <ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carefully managed , ongoing Collection Development . Every Journal is individually selected for influence within its respective discipline . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unique Data - Thomson Reuters captures available author cited references for all published papers back to 1900 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent indexing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All author names and all address are indexed for every Web of Science record </li></ul></ul></ul>The Web of Science Foundation
  14. 14. Web of Science – Consistent Indexing
  15. 15. Web of Science Content <ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carefully managed , ongoing Collection Development . Every Journal is individually selected for influence within its respective discipline . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unique Data - Thomson Reuters captures available author cited references for all published papers back to 1900 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diversity -- Truly Multidisciplinary Journal Coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All fields of study are included, 250+ categories – 11,300 unique titles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science Citation Index Expanded – 8,090 titles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Sciences Citation Index – 2,716 titles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arts & Humanities Citation Index – 1,500 titles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Depth -- Great Depth of Coverage is Available </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To 1900 in the Sciences </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To 1900 in the Social Science </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To 1975 in the Arts & Humanities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>The Web of Science Foundation
  16. 16. Faculty and Institutional Publication Output and Evaluation <ul><li>Analyze Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>View trends and access subsets of data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Citation Report </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quickly produce an overview of a topic or one’s published works, as well as an indication of the collective influence of those works. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Citation Map </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualize two generations of forward and backward citations </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Wright State University Top 10 Cited Papers 1900-2008
  18. 18. Web of Science Citation Report: Ronald Glaser
  19. 19. Citation Report: Influenza Topic Search
  20. 20. Web of Science – powerful “Analyze Results” features Analyze Results features are present in all ISI Web of Knowledge databases – as well as All Databases search results.
  21. 21. Web of Science – Citation Map
  22. 22. Web of Science – Backward Citation Map 2nd generation citations reveal citation pathways
  23. 23. Web of Science ® <ul><ul><li>Web of Science is an extremely valuable “intelligence” resource – a tool for characterizing and gauging published output and influence for institutions, individuals, countries, etc. – indispensible for basic comparisons . </li></ul></ul>Journals Papers Authors Institutions Disciplines Web of Science
  24. 24. Web of Science ® <ul><ul><li>Appalachian State University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A comparison of output and citation of Economics papers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Western Illinois University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web of Science is an extremely valuable “intelligence” resource – a tool for characterizing and gauging published output and influence for institutions, individuals, countries, etc. – indispensible for basic comparisons . </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Web of Science ® <ul><ul><li>Using Web of Science to compare five faculty researching and publishing within Materials Science, we know which produces the more influential work on average. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But, how “good” is this? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avg. Cites Per Paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7.8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13.3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web of Science is an extremely valuable “intelligence” resource – a tool for characterizing and gauging published output and influence for institutions, individuals, countries, etc. – indispensible for basic comparisons . </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Web of Science ® <ul><ul><li>Comparison of “averages” to gauge performance is valuable, but only within the appropriate context, within some definitive or authoritative group. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Web of Science ® <ul><ul><li>Comparison of “averages” to gauge performance is valuable, but only within the appropriate context, within some definitive or authoritative group. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Web of Science ® <ul><ul><li>For serious assessment activities it is essential to take a more sophisticated approach to the data. </li></ul></ul>Bibliometrics Scientometrics Infometrics Citation Metrics
  29. 29. Evaluation of Research <ul><li>Self-Assessment – understanding where you’ve been, where you are today, and where you want to be in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Use your precious resources more effectively </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist in measuring ROI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Researcher-level assessments- tenure review, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Report progress to government bodies, boards of directors/ trustees, funding agencies, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recruiting </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><ul><li>Of Key Importance -- the Establishment of Baselines … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Essential in order to provide comparative capabilities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><ul><li>From established Baselines, we can normalize the influence of published works and present real metrics to reflect research performance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer defined data sets providing article-level source records and related detail. This is most typically comprised of papers associated with a particular Institution, but can also be “topic” defined. </li></ul></ul>Summary information and metrics on published output and performance at the the institution and country level.
  32. 32. For Your Institution – Papers Average citations specific to Category, year of article, and document type.
  33. 33. For Your Institution – Papers Percentile position specific to field and year. -- The closer to zero, the more highly cited.
  34. 34. Relative Performance At-a-Glance With a baseline of 1.0 for each, you immediately have a gauge of the level of influence of an author’s collective works compared other published work in the field. For Your Institution – Authors
  35. 35. For Your Institution – Authors
  36. 36. For Your Institution – Disciplines The published intellectual output of a university presented by discipline. Here too, gauge relative influence at a glance.
  37. 37. For Your Institution – Disciplines The published intellectual output of a university presented by discipline. Here too, gauge relative influence at a a glance.
  38. 38. For Your Institution – Peer Institution Comparisons
  39. 39. For Your Institution – Peer Institution Comparisons
  40. 40. For Your Institution – Peer Institution Comparisons
  41. 41. Country Level Analytics
  42. 42. Citation Analysis is Objective in nature -- a key piece of the overall Research Evaluation puzzle. Citation Metrics Awards/Honors Funding data Peer review
  43. 43. <ul><ul><li>Eugene Garfield </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Derek J. de Solla Price </li></ul></ul>Thomson Reuters Research Analytics Solutions American Documentation , Vol. 14, No.3 , p. 195-201 1963 Price, DJD Archives Internationale d'histoire Des Sciences No 14, p 85, 1951
  44. 44. Gauging Research Output and Influence Using Traditional Citation Tools and Unique Analytical Solutions. ALA 2010 Midwinter Meeting Jan 15-19, Boston Jeff Dougherty Paul Torpey

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