Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

History Of Anatomy

12,455 views

Published on

Definition of Anatomy and Physiology, a brief History of Anatomy, and the Levels of Organization of humans

  • //DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... //DOWNLOAD PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... //DOWNLOAD EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... //DOWNLOAD doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... //DOWNLOAD PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... //DOWNLOAD EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... //DOWNLOAD doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

History Of Anatomy

  1. 1. Introduction and History of Anatomy/Levels of Organization
  2. 2. Definitions <ul><li>Anatomy- From Greek “to cut open” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Study of the structure of the body, either regionally or systematically </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physiology – branch of biological science dealing with the function of organs and organ systems </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of Anatomy <ul><li>Probably began with early examinations of sacrifice victims. </li></ul><ul><li>First documented by Egyptians ~1600 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian anatomical papyrus showed organs (including blood vessels) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hippocrates <ul><li>Greek physician who studied anatomy, and speculated physiology </li></ul><ul><li>“ Father of Anatomy” </li></ul><ul><li>Much of his work remains today </li></ul><ul><li>Hippocratic oath taken by doctors at graduation </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hippocrates’ Beliefs <ul><li>Sickness was not a divine punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine should be ethical (Hippocratic oath) </li></ul><ul><li>Patient confidentiality </li></ul>
  6. 6. Galen <ul><li>2 nd Century AD </li></ul><ul><li>Compiled anatomical studies of earlier writers </li></ul><ul><li>Also performed vivisection on animals </li></ul>
  7. 7. Medicine during Medieval Times <ul><li>When Rome fell, little was done to advance the studies. </li></ul><ul><li>Desecration of the body was taboo </li></ul><ul><li>Cadavers were no longer used </li></ul>
  8. 8. 16 th Century Contributions <ul><li>Began to compile extensive drawings of dissections of executed cadavers </li></ul><ul><li>Discovered the physiology of circulatory system </li></ul>
  9. 9. 17 th and 18 th centuries <ul><li>Few dissections were allowed </li></ul><ul><li>Only certain scientists were allowed to perform them </li></ul><ul><li>Tickets were sold to others wishing to see and draw the dissected bodies. </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors literally traveled from dissection to dissection </li></ul>
  10. 10. 19 th Century <ul><li>Began studying developmental anatomy </li></ul><ul><li>England became the center of anatomical research </li></ul><ul><li>Anatomy Act of 1832 provided adequate supply of corpses </li></ul><ul><li>Gray’s Anatomy first published 1858 (for traveling doctors) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Modern Anatomy <ul><li>Use of new technology provided further understanding of both structure and function of organs and organ systems </li></ul><ul><li>CAT scans, X-rays, Genetic tests, MRI </li></ul>
  12. 12. Future of Anatomy <ul><li>Health related studies are now centered around molecular biology </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for genetic and molecular indicators of disease </li></ul><ul><li>New assays conducted more in vitro vs. in vivo </li></ul>
  13. 13. Levels of Organization
  14. 14. Starting with the largest <ul><li>Organism (in this case humans) </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of organ systems which function together </li></ul>
  15. 15. Organ system <ul><li>Organs which work together to perform a certain function </li></ul><ul><li>I.E. Cardiovascular system </li></ul>
  16. 16. Organ <ul><li>Collection of tissues that work together to form an organ system </li></ul><ul><li>ie. Heart, blood, vein, capillary, etc. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Tissue <ul><li>Cells which work together to form an organ </li></ul><ul><li>I.E. Cardiac muscle tissue, elastic tissue surrounding veins and arteries </li></ul>
  18. 18. Cell <ul><li>Work together to form a tissue </li></ul><ul><li>IE. RBC, WBC, cardiac muscle cell </li></ul>
  19. 19. Molecule <ul><li>Work collectively to form a cell </li></ul><ul><li>IE. Protein, carbohydrate, lipid </li></ul>
  20. 20. Atom <ul><li>Most basic that anything can be broken down into and still exhibit characteristics of itself </li></ul><ul><li>Ie. Nitrogen, oxygen, carbon </li></ul>

×