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AMERICA’S ADENA MOUNDBUILERS CLASS ROOM AAPS OCTOBER 2008
 
And Their Burial Tablets By Ida Jane Gallagher. Author, Contact with Ancient America Epigrapher since 1982 and colleague o...
<ul><li>Colonial explorers crossed the Appalachian Mountains and discovered large earthen mounds and geometric earthworks ...
The Adena Moundbuilders Adena  built mounds to bury dead. Adena occupied  valleys along  Ohio River and its tributaries fr...
The Adena Moundbuilders Adena people named after estate of Ohio Governor Worthington. In 1901 mound on Adena estate was ex...
The Adena Moundbuilders <<< Adena  pipe shows squat male, with goitered neck, and stylized hair. He wears  ear spools and ...
The Adena Moundbuilders Replica of Adena shaman with a wolf headdress >>>> holds the Adena pipe. Adena may have migrated f...
The Adena Moundbuilders Others maintain Adena mounds  evolved from burial practices of earlier native people living in the...
The Adena Moundbuilders Burials of Adena elite contained: decorative objects, copper bracelets,  mica, pipes, seed pearls,...
Grave Creek Mound, Moundsville, WV
Grave Creek Mound on Tomlinson farm excavated by local men. A tunnel started four feet above ground struck a lower tomb ne...
Grave Creek Mound Excavation Shaft sunk from top  A second tunnel 34 feet above ground reached upper tomb with one skeleto...
Replica of the Grave Creek Tablet
Replica of the Grave Creek Tablet 1 ½  x 2 inch tablet Grayish sandstone Three lines of Southwest Iberic script on one sid...
Replica of the Grave Creek Tablet AUTHENTIC? EARLY COPIES  NOT ACCURATE TRANSLATIONS  VARIED DISPARITY RAISED QUESTIONS Ac...
<ul><li>School children Blaine Wilson and his sister found the tablet in 1931. </li></ul>Text  parallels Grave Creek Table...
Did Iberian scribes reach West Virginia by 100 B.C.? Additional Southwest Iberic Tablets Did  Iberians inscribe the tablet...
<ul><li>The Ohio County Tablet, West Virginia </li></ul>An elongated cross with a head and a dot  is  below the last line ...
<ul><li>The Ohio County Tablet, West Virginia </li></ul>Dunnell took tablet to Delf  Norona at the Grave Creek Mound Museu...
<ul><li>The Ohio County Tablet, West Virginia </li></ul>Sam Shaw, editor, Moundsville Daily Echo newspaper, photographed t...
<ul><li>The Ohio County Tablet, West Virginia </li></ul>Donal  Buchanan, noted decipherer of Southwest Iberic, translated ...
The Morristown Tablet Morristown Tablet was found near Morristown, Tennessee.   Dr. Paul Cheesman reported it to epigraphi...
The Morristown Tablet Inscription is comparable to Grave Creek Tablet. Donal Buchanan found all symbols could be equated.
The Morristown Tablet Conclusion: the inscription is funerary formula. Either the name “Tadach” is not a personal name or ...
The Morristown Tablet Did someone make a copy of the Grave Creek Tablet? Was the Morristown Tablet  ancient or modern? Wha...
The Genesee Tablet William Johnson found Genesee Tablet in the Genesee River bed near Belfast, New York in 1975. Epigraphe...
The Genesee Tablet Eckler forwarded a photo to Dr. Fell. Dr. Fell wrote that the two lines were Iberic script. He called i...
The Genesee Tablet Genesee River was route traveled by Amerindians. Genesee Tablet on known trading route suggests that na...
Was it possible for Iberian people to cross the Atlantic Ocean by 100 B.C.? Why would Iberians come to America? Did an Ibe...
THE GRAVE CREEK TABLET IS GENUINE THE SCRIPT IS FROM IBERIA SCRIPT IS OLDER THAN 2000 Y.A. MANY PEOPLE CAME FROM IBERIA
 
Sophistication helps to   estimate dates.   Turtle tablet =Adena cultural symbol. Gaithskill Tablet = figural tablet Hands...
Artifacts Found in the Upper Tomb
Fell’s Translation of the Grave Creek Tablet, reading  right to left
The   C ontroversy   over the Tablet’s  Authenticity ?
King Midas’ Tomb, Gordion, Turkey
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7- Many Peoples: Adena Mound Builders

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From the Paradigm Project hosted by AAPS (Ancient Artifact Preservation Society) at their conferences, is this cutting edge educational material...free for the taking and sharing! This is part SEVENof a series of educational presentations on ancient travels of people, of cultures, of adventurers, traders, businessmen and fortune hunters. People traversed the globe in ancient days..this is the beginning of some of the evidence, featuring the reaearch of author Ida Jane Gallagher.

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7- Many Peoples: Adena Mound Builders

  1. 1. AMERICA’S ADENA MOUNDBUILERS CLASS ROOM AAPS OCTOBER 2008
  2. 3. And Their Burial Tablets By Ida Jane Gallagher. Author, Contact with Ancient America Epigrapher since 1982 and colleague of many advocates of ancient America for 30 years.
  3. 4. <ul><li>Colonial explorers crossed the Appalachian Mountains and discovered large earthen mounds and geometric earthworks !! </li></ul>Criel Mound, South Charleston, West Virginia Who built these mounds? Why?
  4. 5. The Adena Moundbuilders Adena built mounds to bury dead. Adena occupied valleys along Ohio River and its tributaries from about 1000 B. C. to 400 A. D. Later, Hopewell and Mississippian people also built mounds.
  5. 6. The Adena Moundbuilders Adena people named after estate of Ohio Governor Worthington. In 1901 mound on Adena estate was excavated. Adena mound contained distinctive artifacts that identify the Adena group.
  6. 7. The Adena Moundbuilders <<< Adena pipe shows squat male, with goitered neck, and stylized hair. He wears ear spools and a loin cloth feathered in back.
  7. 8. The Adena Moundbuilders Replica of Adena shaman with a wolf headdress >>>> holds the Adena pipe. Adena may have migrated from Mexico due to their physical type and similar decorative designs. Both groups erected mounds over burial tombs.
  8. 9. The Adena Moundbuilders Others maintain Adena mounds evolved from burial practices of earlier native people living in the Midwest or Northeast.
  9. 10. The Adena Moundbuilders Burials of Adena elite contained: decorative objects, copper bracelets, mica, pipes, seed pearls, tablets incised with symbols, and tablets with ancient writing .
  10. 11. Grave Creek Mound, Moundsville, WV
  11. 12. Grave Creek Mound on Tomlinson farm excavated by local men. A tunnel started four feet above ground struck a lower tomb near the center. It contained two skeletons.
  12. 13. Grave Creek Mound Excavation Shaft sunk from top A second tunnel 34 feet above ground reached upper tomb with one skeleton and grave goods including an inscribed tablet. Tunnel to lower tomb
  13. 14. Replica of the Grave Creek Tablet
  14. 15. Replica of the Grave Creek Tablet 1 ½ x 2 inch tablet Grayish sandstone Three lines of Southwest Iberic script on one side translate: “ The mound raised-on-high for Tasach. This tile his queen caused-to-be made.” Signs like cross and bird’s head
  15. 16. Replica of the Grave Creek Tablet AUTHENTIC? EARLY COPIES NOT ACCURATE TRANSLATIONS VARIED DISPARITY RAISED QUESTIONS Accepted translation by Dr. Barry Fell IN 1972
  16. 17. <ul><li>School children Blaine Wilson and his sister found the tablet in 1931. </li></ul>Text parallels Grave Creek Tablet “ The memorial of Teth. This tile (His) brother caused –to- be made.” (Barry Fell) Additional Southwest Iberic Tablets
  17. 18. Did Iberian scribes reach West Virginia by 100 B.C.? Additional Southwest Iberic Tablets Did Iberians inscribe the tablets or teach Adena scribes their alphabet?
  18. 19. <ul><li>The Ohio County Tablet, West Virginia </li></ul>An elongated cross with a head and a dot is below the last line of Southwest Iberic scipt. Teenager Robert C. Dunnell found the Ohio County Tablet in 1956 . I ¾ by 1 ½ inches
  19. 20. <ul><li>The Ohio County Tablet, West Virginia </li></ul>Dunnell took tablet to Delf Norona at the Grave Creek Mound Museum. Archaeologist Norona’s original opinion was that Grave Creek Tablet was authentic. He later changed his mind because others said “fake.”
  20. 21. <ul><li>The Ohio County Tablet, West Virginia </li></ul>Sam Shaw, editor, Moundsville Daily Echo newspaper, photographed tablet and interviewed Dunnell and Norona. Norona then said the Ohio County Tablet was “planted” to legitimize other finds. The tablet was lost!!
  21. 22. <ul><li>The Ohio County Tablet, West Virginia </li></ul>Donal Buchanan, noted decipherer of Southwest Iberic, translated the message. “ This was set up for Lydia, wife, Jacob engraved it.”
  22. 23. The Morristown Tablet Morristown Tablet was found near Morristown, Tennessee. Dr. Paul Cheesman reported it to epigraphic scholars in 1981.
  23. 24. The Morristown Tablet Inscription is comparable to Grave Creek Tablet. Donal Buchanan found all symbols could be equated.
  24. 25. The Morristown Tablet Conclusion: the inscription is funerary formula. Either the name “Tadach” is not a personal name or there were two people named Tadach on tablets.
  25. 26. The Morristown Tablet Did someone make a copy of the Grave Creek Tablet? Was the Morristown Tablet ancient or modern? What do you think?
  26. 27. The Genesee Tablet William Johnson found Genesee Tablet in the Genesee River bed near Belfast, New York in 1975. Epigrapher Donald Eckler saw tablet in Dana Klein’s collection. Tablet measures 2” x 3”
  27. 28. The Genesee Tablet Eckler forwarded a photo to Dr. Fell. Dr. Fell wrote that the two lines were Iberic script. He called it a trader’s token which says: “ Confirmation. I have pledged to pay in full.” Was this an early IOU?
  28. 29. The Genesee Tablet Genesee River was route traveled by Amerindians. Genesee Tablet on known trading route suggests that natives led foreign traders to America’s interior by water. St. Lawrence River and Great Lakes provided access from the Atlantic Ocean. Susquehanna River empties into Chesapeake Bay. Ohio joins Mississippi River that terminates in Gulf of Mexico.
  29. 30. Was it possible for Iberian people to cross the Atlantic Ocean by 100 B.C.? Why would Iberians come to America? Did an Iberian scribe introduce Iberic script to Adena moundbuilders? Why? If Adena tablet script was invented by native people, what was its source?
  30. 31. THE GRAVE CREEK TABLET IS GENUINE THE SCRIPT IS FROM IBERIA SCRIPT IS OLDER THAN 2000 Y.A. MANY PEOPLE CAME FROM IBERIA
  31. 33. Sophistication helps to estimate dates. Turtle tablet =Adena cultural symbol. Gaithskill Tablet = figural tablet Hands, serpents, birds, and sun circles
  32. 34. Artifacts Found in the Upper Tomb
  33. 35. Fell’s Translation of the Grave Creek Tablet, reading right to left
  34. 36. The C ontroversy over the Tablet’s Authenticity ?
  35. 37. King Midas’ Tomb, Gordion, Turkey

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