Herbert Hoover


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tis presentation shows the main aspects of the president and contains interesting facts about his life

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Herbert Hoover

  1. 1. Herbert Hoover 31st President of the United States
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  9. 11. Herbert Clark Hoover ( August 10 , 1874 – October 20 , 1964 ) is best known as being the 31st President of the US . <ul><li>In office : March 4, 1929  – March 4, 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Preceded by Calvin Coolidge </li></ul><ul><li>Succeeded by Franklin D. Roosevelt </li></ul>
  10. 12. His career spanned nine different presidential administrations, and he survived a dozen attempts to sweep him from his post as director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. <ul><li>Prior to that : </li></ul><ul><li>mining engineer , </li></ul><ul><li>humanitarian </li></ul><ul><li>administrator </li></ul>He had the longest retirement of any U.S. President and died 31 years after leaving office, during the administration of Lyndon Johnson — his fifth successor.
  11. 13. When World War I started in August 1914 <ul><li>He helped organize the return home of 120,000 American tourists and businessmen from Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Hoover led five hundred volunteers to distribute food, clothing, steamship tickets and cash </li></ul>
  12. 14. Important reforms <ul><li>expanded civil service protection </li></ul><ul><li>cancelled private oil leases on government lands </li></ul><ul><li>led the way for the prosecution of gangster Al Capone </li></ul><ul><li>He appointed a commission which set aside 3 million acres (12,000 km²) of national park s and 2.3 million of national forests </li></ul><ul><li>he appointed a Federal Farm Board that tried to fix farm prices </li></ul>
  13. 15. Important reforms <ul><li>advocated tax reduction for low-income Americans </li></ul><ul><li>doubled the numbers of veteran hospital facilities </li></ul><ul><li>negotiated a treaty on St. Lawrence Seaway (which failed in the Senate ) </li></ul><ul><li>signed an act that made The Star-Spangled Banner the national anthem </li></ul><ul><li>wrote a Children's Charter that advocated protection of every child regardless of race and gender </li></ul><ul><li>built the San Francisco Bay Bridge </li></ul><ul><li>created an antitrust division in the Justice Department </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>required air mail carriers to improve service </li></ul><ul><li>proposed federal loans for urban slum clearances </li></ul><ul><li>organized the Federal Bureau of Prisons </li></ul><ul><li>reorganized the Bureau of Indian Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>proposed a federal Department of Education </li></ul><ul><li>advocated fifty-dollar-a-month pension s for Americans over 65 </li></ul><ul><li>chaired White House conferences on child health, protection, homebuilding and homeownership </li></ul><ul><li>He also signed the Norris-La Guardia Act that paved the way for the New Deal 's labor policy </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>He he helped to pave the way for Franklin D. Roosevelt 's &quot;Good Neighbor Policy&quot; by withdrawing American troops from Nicaragua and Haiti </li></ul><ul><li>he also proposed an arms embargo on Latin America and a one-third reduction in the world's naval forces - the Hoover Plan . </li></ul><ul><li>He and Secretary of State Henry Stimson outlined the Hoover-Stimson Doctrine that said that the United States would not recognize territories gained by force. </li></ul>In the foreign arena:
  16. 18. Even if the Hoover presidency has a negative imprint on it, it must be noted that there were a lot of important reforms under the Hoover administration Conclusion:
  17. 19. &quot;I did not realize it at the moment, but on August 3, 1914 my engineering career was over forever. I was on the slippery road of public life.&quot;