The State of Arkansas adopted “anti-
evolution” statute in 1928, prohibited the teaching in
its public schools of the theory that man evolved
from other species of life, AKA the Darwinian
The law of Arkansas stated it is unlawful “to
teach the theory or doctrine that mankind ascended or
descended from a lower order of animals”, or “to
adopt or use in any such institution a textbook that
teachers this theory”.
Susan Epperson, a high school biology
teacher in 1965, was assigned by the school
administration to use the new textbook for classroom
instruction, which contained a chapter about the
1. Evolution isn't proven, and shouldn't be taught as scientific fact.
2. Evolution should be taught along with other views.
3. Evolution is a lie, and shouldn't be taught at all.
• The Supreme Court declared the Arkansas
• The law violated Establishment Clause of the
First Amendment and Due Process Clause of
the Fourteenth Amendment
• Meyer v. Nebraska (1923)
An Act of Nebraska prohibited teaching of any subject in
any language other than English before high school.
- Declared unconstitutional for imposing restriction upon the
liberty of teacher and student, interfering with the right of
individual, guaranteed by the Due Process Clause.
1) the establishment of a national religion by Congress
2) the preference of one religion over another or the support of a religious idea with no identifiable
nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law ...
The government must respect all of the legal rights that are owed to a person according to the law of