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397026 Rule Book Web


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397026 Rule Book Web

  1. 1. N H DN H D N HN D NH NHDNH NHD H DD N H D N H D NHD H N H D N H DN H CoNtest Rule Book ReviseD 2008 NHD Updated Website Rules
  2. 2. NHD Rule Book National History Day programs are open to all students and teachers without regard to race, sex, religion, physical abilities, economic status, or sexual orientation. National History Day does not discriminate against or limit participation by physically challenged students. National History Day staff and state coordinators will make every effort to accommodate students with special needs. 2 CONTEST RULE BOOK
  3. 3. taBle of CoNteNts I. PROGRAM OVERVIEW A. Theme 6 B. Topic 6 C. Rewards for Participation 6 D. Divisions 6 E. Contest Categories 6 F. Important Notices for Contestants 7 G. Program Materials 7 II. RULES FOR ALL CATEGORIES A. General Rules for all Categories 8 B. Required Written Material for all Entries 9 C. Contest Participation 11 III. INDIVIDUAL CATEGORY RULES A. Paper 13 B. Exhibit 15 C. Performance 17 D. Documentary 19 E. Web Site 21 IV. HOW WILL YOUR ENTRY BE JUDGED? A. Benefits of the Evaluation Process 22 B. Who are the Judges? 22 C. How Does the Evaluation Process Work? 22 D. Consensus Judging 22 E. The Subjective Nature of Judging 22 F. The Decision of the Judges is Final 23 G. Evaluation Criteria 23 i. Historical Quality 23 ii. Relation to Theme 23 iii. Clarity of Presentation 24 H. Rule Compliance 24 I. Sample Judge’s Evaluation 24 V. CATEGORY CHECKLIST 25 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION 27 NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 3
  4. 4. wHat is NatioNal HistoRy Day? National History Day (NHD) is not just one Definitions day, but a yearlong program that makes Historical Context: The intellectual, physical, history come alive every day. NHD is an social, and cultural setting in which events exciting way to study history and learn about take place. issues, ideas, people, and events that interest you. The program lets you express what you Historical Perspective: Understanding a have learned through a creative and original topic’s development over time and its performance, documentary, paper, web site influence in history. or three-dimensional exhibit. Through NHD Plagiarism: Using the work or ideas of others you will learn the skills and techniques of the in ways that give the impression that these are historian and discover new insights. At the your own (e.g. copying information word-for- competitions you will have the opportunity to word without using quotations and footnotes, meet students from other schools, exchange paraphrasing an author’s ideas, or using ideas, and demonstrate the results of your visuals or music without giving proper credit). work. Your success in researching and producing an NHD entry may even take you Primary Source: The most basic definition to the national contest held each June at the of a primary source is that which is written University of Maryland at College Park. or produced in the time period students are investigating. Primary sources are Please Read This! materials directly related to a topic by time or Before you begin work on your entry, you, your participation. These materials include letters, teacher, and your parents should carefully read speeches, diaries, newspaper articles from this booklet. This guidebook contains rules the time, oral history interviews, documents, that you must follow to compete in any level photographs, artifacts, or anything else that of the National History Day competition. More provides first-hand accounts about a person information on topics, sources, and deadlines or event. This definition also applies to primary are available from your district and state NHD sources found on the Internet. A letter written coordinators. This rule book was published in by President Lincoln in 1862 is a primary 2008 and will be updated periodically. Always source for a student researching the Civil contact your district or state coordinator to War era. A newspaper article about the Battle learn if any rules have been revised since of Gettysburg written by a contemporary in publication of this rule book. An on-line version July 1863 would be a primary source; but an of this book is available on the NHD web site article about the battle written in June 2001 at probably was not written by an eyewitness or participant and would not be a primary source. The memories of a person who took part in the 4 CONTEST RULE BOOK
  5. 5. battle also can serve as a primary source. He Secondary Source: Secondary sources are or she was an eyewitness to and a participant usually published books or articles by authors in this historical event at the time. However, who were not eyewitnesses or participants an interview with an expert (a professor of in the historical event or period and who Civil War history, for example) is not a primary base their interpretation on primary sources, source UNLESS that expert actually lived research, and study. These sources provide through and has first-hand knowledge of the context for a historical event. For example, events being described (highly unlikely for a high school history textbooks and other history Civil War historian!). books about a particular topic are secondary sources. So are biographies, newspaper NOTE: Primary materials, such as quotes from historical figures and photographs of historical events, can be retrospectives, and reference books such as found in secondary sources and used effectively in encyclopedias. This definition also applies to History Day projects. However, these are not considered primary sources. Check out the “Research Roadmap” secondary sources found on the Internet. on the NHD web site at for additional help on primary sources. NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 5
  6. 6. i. pRogRam oveRview A. THEME C. REWARDS FOR PARTICIPATION Each year a broad theme is selected for the At each level of competition, outstanding National History Day contest. You may select a achievement may be recognized through topic on any aspect of local, regional, national, certificates, medals, trophies, scholarships or world history. Regardless of the topic or monetary awards. A number of special chosen, your presentation of your research and prizes may be given at the regional, state, conclusions must clearly relate to the annual or national level. The most important rewards theme. Be careful to limit the scope of your are the skills and new knowledge that you topic to make the research and interpretation of will acquire as you move through the National your topic manageable. In other words, narrow History Day program. your topic to focus on an issue that can be D. DIVISIONS explained and interpreted within the category limits of size and time. The National History Day competition has two divisions based on school grade: B. TOPIC • Junior Division - grades 6, 7, and 8 Effective National History Day entries not only • Senior Division - grades 9, 10, 11, and 12. describe an event or a development, they also analyze it and place it in its historical context. Entries in each division are judged separately Ask yourself the following questions about at all levels of competition. your topic: NOTE: Some states sponsor participation in 4th and 5th grades at the state level. Check with your state • How is my topic important? coordinator for more information. • How was my topic significant in history in relation to the National History Day theme? NOTE: Students in non-graded schools must check with the National History Day office to determine in which • How did my topic develop over time? division they should register for the competition. • How did my topic influence history? • How did the events and atmosphere E. CONTEST CATEGORIES (social, economic, political, and cultural You may enter one of eight categories: aspects) of my topic’s time period • paper (individual only) influence my topic in history? • individual exhibit • group exhibit NOTE: You should ask questions about the topic’s development over time and its impact in history. • individual performance Your answers to such questions will help you draw • group performance conclusions about your topic’s significance in history. • individual documentary • group documentary • web site (individual and group combined) 6 CONTEST RULE BOOK
  7. 7. Each category in each division is judged sponsors will not be responsible for the loss of separately. Groups may include 2 to 5 or damage to exhibits, equipment, or personal students. Group participants do not have to belongings during the program activities. be in the same grade to compete together, but G. PROGRAM MATERIALS they must be in the same division. Each year program materials such as topic NOTE: Choose a category in which you can make suggestions, videos, and bibliographies are the best use of your own special abilities, talents, and interests. Be careful to choose the most suitable available upon request from National History category in which to present your research and Day to help teachers and students participate conclusions and take into consideration the availability of equipment and resources. in the NHD program. The materials may be duplicated for classroom use. A glossary F. IMPORTANT NOTICES FOR of program materials is available on the CONTESTANTS NHD web site at For further All contests are held in public areas, and you information or to order materials, contact your are solely responsible for the security and district or state coordinator or the National safety of your own equipment and artifacts. History Day office. National History Day program officials and NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 7
  8. 8. ii. Rules foR all CategoRies A. GENERAL RULES FOR ALL and creation of your entry. You may receive CATEGORIES help and advice from teachers and parents on the mechanical aspects of creating your entry: Rule 1: Annual Theme 1. You may have help typing your paper and Your entry must be clearly related to the other written materials. annual theme and explain your topic’s 2. You may seek guidance from your teachers significance in history. as you research and analyze your material, Rule 2: Contest Participation but your conclusions must be your own. You may participate in the research, 3. You may have photographs and slides preparation, and presentation of only one commercially developed. entry each year. 4. You may have reasonable help cutting out NOTE: Do not share research with other students your exhibit backboard or performance unless you are members of the same group and props (e.g., a parent uses a cutting tool to creating one entry together. It is not acceptable to cut the board that you designed). have a common pool of research from which several entries are created. NOTE: Objects created by others specifically for use in your entry violate this rule. For example, a parent takes Rule 3: Individual or Group Entries photographs or an artist draws the backdrop for your A paper, individual exhibit, individual exhibit or performance. You may receive reasonable help in carrying and placing props and exhibits. performance, individual web site or individual documentary must be the work of only one Rule 6: Contest Day Set-up student. A group exhibit, group performance, You are responsible for setting up your own group web site or group documentary must be exhibits, equipment, or props at the contest. the work of 2 to 5 students. All students in a You may have reasonable help carrying them, group entry must be involved in the research but set-up must be completed by you (and and interpretation of the group’s topic. your group members if applicable) alone. Rule 4: Development Requirements Rule 7: Supplying Equipment Entries submitted for competition must be You are responsible for supplying all props researched and developed during the current and equipment at each level of competition. contest year that begins following the national All entries should be constructed keeping contest each June. Revising or reusing an entry transportation, set-up time, size and weight from a previous year—whether your own or in mind (e.g., foam core v. solid oak for another student’s—is unacceptable and will an exhibit or folding table v. antique desk result in disqualification. for a performance). Projection screens for documentaries and performances may be Rule 5: Construction of Entry provided if requested. Check with your contest You are responsible for the research, design, 8 CONTEST RULE BOOK
  9. 9. coordinator about availability of equipment. Rule 11: Title VCRs and DVD players are available at the Your entry must have a title that is clearly national contest for the documentary category visible on all written materials. only. Students must provide their own computers and software. Pianos and Internet B. REqUIRED WRITTEN access are not provided. MATERIAL FOR ALL ENTRIES NOTE: Be prepared: bring extension cords if needed and check with your contest coordinators about the Rule 12: Written Material availability of equipment at all contest levels. Entries in all categories except historical papers Rule 8: Discussion with Judges must include three copies of the following You should be prepared to answer judges’ written material in the following order: questions about the content and development 1. A title page as described in Rule 13. of your entry, but you may not give a formal, 2. A process paper as described in Rule 14 prepared introduction, narration, or conclusion. (process papers are not part of historical Let the judges’ questions guide the interview. paper entries) Ultimately, your entry should be able to stand 3. An annotated bibliography as described on its own without any additional comments in Rule 15. These materials must be typed from you. or neatly printed on plain white paper and NOTE: You should be prepared to explain the design, stapled together in the top left corner. Do research, and creation of your entry if questioned by not enclose them in a cover or binder. the judges. Judges need to know that your entry is the result of your own work. Rule 13: Title Page Rule 9: Costumes A title page is required as the first page of You are not permitted to wear costumes that written material in every category. Your title are related to the focus of your entry during page must include only the title of your entry, judging, except in the performance category. your name(s) and the contest division and category in which Rule 10: Prohibited Materials you are entered. TITLE Items potentially dangerous in any way—such NOTE: The title page as weapons, firearms, animals, organisms, must not include any STUDENT(S) NAME(S) DIVISION plants, etc.—are strictly prohibited. Such items other information CATEGORY (pictures, graphics, will be confiscated by security personnel or borders, school name, (e.g. Individual/Group, contest officials. Replicas of such items that Exhibit, Documentary, or grade) except for that Performance, Web site) are obviously not real are permissible. Please described in this rule. contact your teacher and contest coordinator to confirm guidelines before bringing the replica to a contest. NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 9
  10. 10. Rule 14: Process Paper (3) explain how you selected your presentation A process paper is a description of no more category and created your project than 500 words explaining how you conducted (4) explain how your project relates to the your research and created and developed your NHD theme entry. All categories except historical paper Go to and in the Contest section must include a process paper with their entry. click on Creating a Process Paper to view The process paper should include the following sample process papers. four sections: (1) explain how you chose your topic Rule 15: Annotated Bibliography (2) explain how you conducted your research An annotated bibliography is required for all categories. It should contain all sources that 10 CONTEST RULE BOOK
  11. 11. provided usable information or new perspectives (1) Kate L. Turabian, A Manual for Writers of in preparing your entry. You will look at many Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. more sources than you actually use. You should (2) Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers list only those sources that contributed to the of Research Papers, 5th Edition. development of your entry. Sources of visual materials and oral interviews must be included. Regardless of which manual you use, the style The annotations for each source must explain must be consistent throughout the paper. how you used the source and how it helped you Rule 18: Plagiarism understand your topic. Annotations of web sites You must acknowledge in your annotated should include a description of who sponsors bibliography all sources used in your entry. the site. For example: Failure to credit sources is plagiarism and will Bates, Daisy. The Long Shadow of Little Rock. result in disqualification. New York: David McKay Co. Inc., 1962. Daisy Bates was the president of the C. CONTEST PARTICIPATION Arkansas NAACP and the one who met and Rule 19: Entry Procedure listened to the students each day. This first At each contest level you must register (either hand account was very important to my paper because it made me more aware of online or by submitting paper entry forms; the feelings of the people involved. check with your contest coordinator for the format used at your local and state contests), NOTE: Oral history transcripts, correspondence between you and experts, questionnaires, and other primary and meet specific deadlines and procedures or secondary materials used as sources for your entry established by your contest coordinator. should be cited in your bibliography but not included as attachments to your bibliography. Rule 20: Entries to National Competition Rule 16: The Separation of Primary and Secondary Sources Each state is limited to no more than two entries per contest category in the national You are required to separate your bibliography contest. Ties at state contests will be resolved into primary and secondary sources. at the state level. NOTE: Some sources may be considered as either primary or secondary. Use your annotations to explain Rule 21: National Competition your reasoning for classifying any sources that are not Attendance clearly primary or secondary. Listing a source under both primary and secondary is inappropriate. Individual students and groups must be present for an entry to be judged at the Rule 17: Style Guides national contest. Style for citations and bibliographic references must follow the principles in one of the following style guides: NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 11
  12. 12. papeR CategoRy
  13. 13. iii. iNDiviDual CategoRy Rules A. PAPER Rule 17, for citation styles. Please note that an extensively annotated footnote should not be A paper is the traditional form of presenting used to get around the word limit. historical research. Various types of creative writing (for example, fictional diaries, poems, Rule 3: Preparation Requirements etc.) are permitted, but must conform to all Papers must be typed, computer printed, or general and category rules. Your paper should legibly handwritten in ink on plain, white 8.5 be grammatically correct and well written. x 11-inch paper with 1-inch margins on all sides. Pages must be numbered consecutively Part II, Rules for all Categories (except for Rule and double-spaced with writing on one side 14), applies to papers. and with no more than 12 characters per inch Rule 1: Length Requirements or no less than 10-point type. Papers must be stapled in the top left corner and should not The text of historical papers must be no less be enclosed in any cover or binder. The title than 1,500 and no more than 2,500 words in page should have no illustrations. length. Each word or number in the text of the paper counts as one word. The paper category Rule 4: Number of Copies 2,500 word limit does not apply to: notes, Four copies of the paper must be submitted, annotated bibliography, illustration captions, prior to the contest, with the appropriate and supplemental/appendix material. Appendix entry form by the deadline established for material must be directly referred to in the text the contest. Winning papers are sometimes of the paper. Extensive supplemental materials published by contest officials; you must are inappropriate. Use of appendices should be prepared to give permission for such be very limited and may include photographs, publication. maps, charts, and graphs, but we strongly NOTE: Be sure to keep a copy of your paper for yourself suggest no other supplemental materials. and bring it with you to the contest. NOTE: Oral history transcripts, correspondence between you and experts, questionnaires, and other primary or secondary materials used as sources for your paper should be cited in your bibliography but not included as attachments to your paper. Rule 2: Citations Citations—footnotes, endnotes or internal documentation—are required. Citations are used to credit the sources of specific ideas as well as direct quotations. Refer to Part II, NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 13
  14. 14. exHiBit CategoRy
  15. 15. B. ExHIBIT Rule 2: Media Devices Media devices (e.g., tape recorders, projectors, An exhibit is a visual representation of your video monitors, computers) used in an exhibit research and interpretation of your topic’s must not run for more than a total of 3 minutes significance in history, much like a small and are subject to the 500-word limit (Rule 3). museum exhibit. The analysis and interpretation Viewers and judges must be able to control of your topic must be clear and evident to the media devices. Any media devices used must viewer. Labels and captions should be used fit within the size limits of the exhibit. Any creatively with visual images and objects to media devices used should be integral to enhance the message of your exhibit. the exhibit—not just a device to bypass the Part II, Rules for all Categories, applies prohibition against live student involvement. to exhibits. NOTE: For example, a brief excerpt from a taped student-conducted oral interview or a dramatic reading Rule 1: Size Requirements might be appropriate, but taped commentary or The overall size of your exhibit when displayed analysis is inappropriate. for judging must be no larger than 40 inches Rule 3: Word Limit wide, 30 inches deep, and 6 feet high. There is a 500-word limit that applies to all Measurement of the exhibit does not include text created by the student that appears on the table on which it rests; however, it would or as part of an exhibit entry. This includes include any stand that you create and any the text you write for titles, subtitles, captions, table drapes. Circular or rotating exhibits or graphs, timelines, media devices (e.g., video, those meant to be viewed from all sides must slides, computer files) or supplemental be no more than 30 inches in diameter. (See materials (e.g., photo albums, scrapbooks, etc.) diagram below.) where you use your own words. NOTE: A date counts as one word, while each word in 21.3quot; a name is individually counted. For example, January 40quot; 1, 2006 counts as one word, but John Quincy Adams counts as three. 21.3quot; 30quot; Words such as “a,” “the” and “of” are counted as one word each. 6' Brief citations crediting the sources of illustrations or quotations included on the exhibit do not count toward the 500-word limit. NOTE: Be careful that your message is clear and 40quot; contained on the exhibit itself; judges have little time to review supplemental material. Extensive supplemental material is inappropriate. For example, oral history transcripts, correspondence between you and experts, questionnaires, and other primary or secondary materials used as sources for your exhibit 6' should be cited in your bibliography but not included as attachments to your bibliography or exhibit. 30quot; NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 15
  16. 16. peRfoRmaNCe CategoRy
  17. 17. C. PERFORMANCE Rule 2: Performance Introduction The title of your entry and the names of A performance is a dramatic portrayal of your the participants must be the first and only topic’s significance in history and must be announcements prior to the start of the original in production. performance. Part II, Rules for all Categories, applies to Rule 3: Media Devices performances. Use of slides, tape recorders, computers, Rule 1: Time Requirements or other media within your performance is Performances may not exceed 10 minutes in permitted. You must run all equipment and length. Timing starts at the beginning of the carry out any special lighting or sound effects. performance following the announcement Rule 4: Script of the title and student name(s). Any other The script for the performance should not be introductory remarks will be considered part included with the written material presented of the performance and will be counted as to the judges. part of the overall time. You will be allowed an additional 5 minutes to set up and 5 minutes to Rule 5: Costumes remove any props needed for your performance. You may have a costume produced for you, but NOTE: You should allow several empty seconds in your the design, choice of fabrics, etc. must be your performance to account for unplanned pauses (e.g. own. Or, you may rent a costume. Remember: applause, forgotten lines, etc.). simple is best. NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 17
  18. 18. DoCumeNtaRy CategoRy
  19. 19. D. DOCUMENTARY dramatization. Only those students listed as entrants may participate in the production A documentary should reflect your ability to or appear on camera. use audiovisual equipment to communicate NOTE: This does not include interviews of participants your topic’s significance, much as professional in a historical event or of experts. documentaries do. The documentary category will help you develop skills in Rule 5: Entry Production using photographs, film, video, audiotapes, Your entry must be an original production. You computers, and graphic presentations. Your may use professional photographs, film, slides, presentation should include primary materials recorded music, etc. within your presentation. but must also be an original production. To However, you must integrate such items into produce a documentary you must have access your presentation and give proper credit within to equipment and be able to operate it. the presentation as well as in your annotated bibliography. You must operate all editing Part II, Rules for all Categories, applies to equipment used in the production of your documentaries. presentation. Rule 1: Time Requirements NOTE: Using material created by others specifically for Documentaries may not exceed 10 minutes use in your entry violates this rule, except that which already exists. in length. You will be allowed an additional 5 minutes to set up and 5 minutes to remove Rule 6: Credits equipment. Timing will begin when the first At the conclusion of the documentary, visual image of the presentation appears and/ you should provide a general list of or the first sound is heard. Color bars and acknowledgments and credits for all sources. other visual leads in a video will be counted These credits should be a brief list and in the time limit. Timing will end when the not full bibliographic citations. All sources last visual image or sound of the presentation (music, images, film/media clips, interviews, concludes (this includes credits). books, web sites) used in the making of the NOTE: Use your set-up time to focus slides, adjust documentary should be properly cited in the volume, etc. annotated bibliography. Rule 2: Introduction Rule 7: Displays You must announce only the title of your Stand alone displays are prohibited. presentation and names of participants. Live narration or comments prior to or during Rule 8: Computer Entries the presentation are prohibited. You must be able to run the program within the 10-minute time limit. Interactive computer Rule 3: Student Involvement programs and web pages in which the You are responsible for running all equipment. audience or judges are asked to participate are not acceptable; judges are not permitted to Rule 4: Student Production operate any equipment. Students must provide All entries must be student-produced. You and be able to run their own computers and must operate all equipment. You must software. Internet access will not be available. provide the narration, voice-over, and NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 19
  20. 20. weB site CategoRy The web site category is the most interactive of all NHD categories. Therefore, a web site should reflect your ability to use web site design software and computer technology to communicate the topic’s significance in history. The historical quality, analysis, and interpretation of the topic must be clear and evident to the viewer through the content and navigational structure of the site. In designing the entry, you should include elements that actively engage the audience in learning about the topic. These elements do not have to be technologically complex, but they should let the audience participate in exploring the topic, rather than passively viewing information. The presentation should include primary materials, but must also be an original production. To produce a web site, you must have access to appropriate software and equipment and be able to operate it.
  21. 21. E. WEB SITE Rule 4: Entry Production All entries must be original productions. You Part II, Rules for all Categories, applies to may use professional photographs, graphics, web sites. video, recorded music, etc. within the site. Such Rule 1: Size Requirements items must be integrated into the web site, Web site entries may contain no more than and proper credit must be given within the 1,200 visible, student-composed words. Code site as well as in the annotated bibliography. used to build the site, and alternate text tags The student must operate all software and on images do not count toward the word equipment in the development of the web site. limit. The word limit does not include words NOTE: Using objects created by others specifically found in materials used for illustration such for use in your entry violates this rule. However, using graphics, multimedia clips, etc. which already exist as documents, artifacts or graphs not created is acceptable. by the student, or quotations from primary sources such as oral history interviews, letters, Rule 5: Bibliographic Sources or diaries, photos of artifacts with writing, or The annotated bibliography must be included other illustrative materials such as reoccurring as an integrated part of the web site. It should menus, titles and navigation instructions that be included in the navigational structure and are used as an integral part of the web site. does NOT count toward the 1,200-word limit. Brief text crediting the sources of illustrations Refer to Part II Rules 15-17, for citation and or quotations included on the web site do not style information. count toward the 1,200-word limit. The entire site, including all multimedia, may use up to Rule 6: Stable Content 100MB of file space. The content and appearance of a page cannot change when the page is refreshed in the Rule 2: Navigation browser. Random text or image generators are One page of the web site must serve as the not allowed. “home page” with the file name “index.” The home page must include the names of Rule 7: Viewing Files participants, entry title, division, and a main The pages that comprise the site must be menu that directs viewers to the various viewable in a recent version of a standard web sections of the site. All pages must be browser (i.e. Microsoft Internet Explorer, Firefox, interconnected with hypertext links. Automatic or Safari). Students are responsible for ensuring redirects are not permitted. that the entry is viewable in multiple web browsers. Entries may not link to live or external Rule 3: Multimedia sites, except to direct viewers to plug-ins. Each multimedia clip may not last more than 45 seconds and may not include student- Rule 8: File Safety composed narration. There is no limit to the Entries that contain potentially harmful file number of multimedia clips other than the file contamination (e.g. a virus) are subject to size limit. Voiceover of material not composed disqualification. by students is allowed. If an entry uses any form of multimedia requiring a plug-in (for Rule 9: Submitting Entry for Judging example, Flash, QuickTime or Real Player), Four hard copies of a title page, a process you must provide on the same page a link to paper, and an annotated bibliography must an Internet site where the plug-in is available be submitted in advance by the established as a free, secure, and legal download. Judges deadline. For up-to-date submission procedures, will make every effort to view all multimedia please visit content, but files that cannot be viewed NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 21 cannot be evaluated as part of the entry.
  22. 22. iv. How will youR eNtRy Be juDgeD? A. Benefits of the Evaluation Process In such cases, the entries judged best by each The goal of National History Day is to team of initial judges are re-evaluated by a provide you with a high-quality, educational new team of judges to determine the winning experience—whether or not you win a entries in the category. The number of entries prize. The judges’ evaluations are part of the in finals and procedures for judging vary by learning and skill building process of NHD. The contest and category and are within the judges’ evaluations help you to improve areas discretion of the contest officials. or skills and provide positive feedback for the D. Consensus Judging hard work you have put into producing your Judges will not assign a numerical score to project. The judges’ comments also can provide each entry; rather, they will rank the entries you with ideas for revisions and enhancements in their group. Judges are required to consult as you move from one contest level to the with each other in determining individual next. Remember, regardless of how your entry rankings. Judges are allowed to review the is ranked, by participating in National History results of their category upon completion Day you will benefit from the experience. You of the judging to assure accuracy in the will gain research, thinking, and presentation evaluation process. As a final step, the judges skills which will last your whole life. You will will assign each entry an overall rating. become an expert on a topic of interest to you and to others. You will acquire poise and self- E. The Subjective Nature of Judging confidence and will learn to manage your time. Remember: judges must evaluate certain You are a winner. aspects of your entry that are objective (e.g., were primary sources used; is the written B. Who are the Judges? material grammatically correct and accurately Historians, educators, and others interested in spelled). But judges must also evaluate history and education serve as judges at each interpretive aspects of your entry which level of the National History Day competition. are qualitative in nature (e.g., analysis and C. How Does the Evaluation conclusions about the historical data). Process Work? Historians often reach different opinions At official National History Day contests, each about the significance of the same data. separate National History Day division and It is therefore crucial for you to base your category is usually judged as a whole by a interpretations and conclusions on solid panel of judges. Time constraints, due to the research. Judges will check to determine number of entries, often require that some whether you used available primary sources categories be evaluated initially by several and if you were careful to examine all sides of teams of judges. Finals then become necessary. an issue and present a balanced account of 22 CONTEST RULE BOOK
  23. 23. your research and presentation. Your process • Does my entry demonstrate an paper and annotated bibliography are critical understanding of historical context? to this process. • Does my annotated bibliography demonstrate wide research? F. The Decision of the Judges is Final • Does my entry demonstrate a balanced You, your parents, and your teachers should presentation of materials? realize that inadvertent inequities may occur in • Does my entry demonstrate use of available judging and that contest officials do want to primary sources? be informed of any problems. The decisions of the judges are final. Relation to Theme (20%) Your entry must clearly explain the relation of G. Evaluation Criteria your topic to the annual National History Day Historical Quality (60%) theme. You should ask yourself the following The most important aspect of your entry is its questions to help focus your topic on the historical quality. You should ask yourself the theme and its significance: following questions to help you focus on your • How does my topic relate to the theme? historical analysis: • Why is my topic important? • Is my entry historically accurate? • How is my topic significant in history and in • Does my entry provide analysis and relation to the National History Day theme? interpretation of the historical data rather • How did my topic influence history? than just a description? NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 23
  24. 24. • How did the events and atmosphere • Is the visual material I present clear? (social, economic, political, and cultural • Do I understand and properly use all of my aspects) of my topic’s time period equipment? influence my topic in history? H. Rule Compliance Clarity of Presentation (20%) Judges will take into consideration in their Although historical quality is most important, final rankings any rule infraction. Failure to your entry must be presented in an effective comply with the rules will count against your manner. You should ask yourself the entry. Rule infractions should be corrected following questions to help you focus on your before a winning entry competes in the next presentation: level of competition. • Is my entry original, creative, and imaginative in subject and presentation? I. Sample Judge’s Evaluation • Is my written material clear, grammatically Below are sample NHD project evaluation correct and accurately spelled? forms. Teachers or fellow students can use this • Is my entry well-organized? form to help evaluate your project as you work • Do I display stage presence in a to improve your entry. Blank forms can be performance? found on the NHD web site at 24 CONTEST RULE BOOK
  25. 25. v. CategoRy CHeCklist Exhibit • All props and equipment are student Individual and Group (2-5 students) supplied • Only student entrants run equipment and are • No larger than 40 inches wide, 30 inches involved in the performance deep, and 6 feet high when displayed • Extra supplies and materials in case of • 3 copies (plus one for you) of written emergency materials: title page with required • Entry registered by deadline information; 500 word description of the • Prepared to answer judges’ questions at the research methods used (a judging team may contest (remember that formal narratives are retain one copy for review) not appropriate responses to questions) • Annotated bibliography, separated into primary and secondary sources Documentary • Exhibit addresses the theme Individual and Group (2-5 students) • Title is clear and visible • 10-minute maximum for presentation • Labels, captions, and titles include no more • Maximum 5 minutes to set up and 5 minutes than 500 words to take down • Has visual impact and shows interpretation • 3 copies (plus one for you) of written • Entry registered by deadline materials: title page with required • Prepared to answer judges’ questions at the information; 500 word description of the contest (remember that formal narratives are research methods used (a judging team may not appropriate responses to questions) retain one copy for review) Performance • Annotated bibliography, separated into primary and secondary sources Individual and Group (2-5 students) • Documentary addresses the theme • 10-minute maximum for performance • Live student involvement limited to operating • Maximum 5 minutes to set up and 5 minutes equipment and giving name and title to take down props • Entry registered by deadline • 3 copies (plus one for you) of written • Extra supplies and materials in case of materials: title page with required emergency information; 500 word description of the • Prepared to answer judges’ questions at the research methods used (a judging team may contest (remember that formal narratives are retain one copy for review) not appropriate responses to questions) • Annotated bibliography, separated into primary and secondary sources • Performance addresses the theme NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 25
  26. 26. Paper Web Site Individual Only Individual and Group (2-5 students) • 1,500-2,500 words, excluding notes, • Contains no more than 1,200 visible, annotated bibliography, and title page student-composed words • Title page with only the required information • Home page includes names of participants, entry • Annotated bibliography, separated into title, division, and a main menu primary and secondary sources • All pages are interconnected with hypertext links • Paper addresses the theme • Web site uses no more than 100MB of file space • Citations • The content is stable and does not change when • 4 copies (plus one for you) the refresh button is hit • Organization shows clear focus and • Web site is virus-free progression • Annotated bibliography, separated into primary • Entry registered and papers mailed and secondary resources by deadline • Web site addresses the theme • Prepared to answer judges’ questions at the • 4 copies (plus one for you) of written material: contest (remember that formal narratives are title page with required information; 500-word not appropriate responses to questions) description of the research methods used and required written material • Entry registered by deadline • Prepared to answer judges’ questions at the contest (remember that formal narratives are not appropriate responses to questions) 26 CONTEST RULE BOOK
  27. 27. foR fuRtHeR iNfoRmatioN Contact: National History Day 0119 Cecil Hall University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742 Telephone: (301) 314-9739 E-mail: Web: Copyright ©2008 National History Day, Inc May be duplicated without permission of National History Day; duplication for profit is prohibited. Sponsors National History Day wishes to thank its major sponsors: For more information about National History Day and answers to frequently asked questions about rules and procedures, check out the NHD web site at NATIONAL HISTORY DAY 27